Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Dietary L-Arginine on Productive Performance of Broiler Chickens



Hazim J. Al-Daraji and Atta M. Salih
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

A total of 300 one day old Ross 308 broiler chicks were used in this study to determine the effect of supplementing ration with different levels of arginine on productive performance of broiler chickens. The chicks were allocated for 4 treatment groups (75 chicks for each group) and each treatment was consisted of five replicates with 15 chicks each. Treatment groups were: C: control group (without any addition of arginine); T1, T2 and T3: adding arginine to the diet of broiler chickens at levels of 0.02, 0.04 and 0.06%, respectively. Two types of diets were used over the period of experiment, starter diet was used from one to 20 days of chicks’ age and then grower diet was used till the end of the experiment (46 days of age). Productive traits included in this study were live body weight, weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, production index, economic figure and livability. Results revealed that feeding diets containing arginine (T1, T2 and T3) resulted in significant increase (p<0.05) in live body weight, weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio during the most period of experiment and with relation to accumulative weight gain, accumulative feed intake and accumulative feed conversion ratio as compared with control group (C). However, adding arginine to the diet of broiler chickens resulted in significant increase (p<0.05) in production index, economic figure and livability in comparison with control group. In conclusion, dietary arginine supplementation resulted in significant improvement in productive traits included in this study. So arginine can be used as effective feed additive for improve productive performance of broiler chickens.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Hazim J. Al-Daraji and Atta M. Salih, 2012. Effect of Dietary L-Arginine on Productive Performance of Broiler Chickens. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11: 252-257.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2012.252.257

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2012.252.257

REFERENCES
1:  Alba-Roth, J., O.A. Muller, J. Schopohl and K. Von Werder, 1988. Arginine stimulates growth hormone secretion by suppressing endogenous somatostatin secretion. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab., 67: 1186-1189.
PubMed  |  

2:  Bolea, S.J., G.F. Martin, J.V. Sanchez-Andres and B. Soria, 1997. Regulation of pancreatic β-cell electrical activity and insulin release by physiological amino acid concentrations. Eur. J. Physiol., 433: 699-704.
PubMed  |  

3:  Carew, L.B., K.G. Evarts and F.A. Alster, 1997. Growth and plasma thyroid hormone concentrations of chicks fed diets deficient in essential amino acids. Poult. Sci., 76: 1398-1404.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Corzo, A. and M.T. Kidd, 2003. Arginine needs of the chick and growing broiler. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 2: 379-382.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Cuca, M. and L.S. Jensen, 1990. Arginine requirement of starting broiler chicks. Poult. Sci., 69: 1377-1382.

6:  Darras, V.M., P. Rudas, T.J. Visser, T.R. Hall and L.M. Huybrechts et al., 1993. Endogenous growth hormone controls high plasma levels of 3, 39, 5-triiodothyronine (T3) in growing chickens by decreasing the T3-degrading type III deiodinase activity. Domestic Anim. Endocrinol., 10: 55-65.

7:  Decuypere, E., E. Dewil and E.R. Kuhn, 1990. The Hatching Process and the Role of Hormones. In: Avian Incubation, Tullett, S.C. (Ed.). Butterworth and Co., London, pp: 239-256.

8:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Fernandes, J.I.M., A.E. Murakami, E.N. Martins, M.I. Sakamoto and E.R.M. Garcia, 2009. Effect of arginine on the development of the pectoralis muscle and the diameter and the protein: Deoxyribonucleic acid rate of its skeletal myofibers in broilers. Poult. Sci., 88: 1399-1406.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Harvey, S., 1993. Growth Hormone Secretion in Poikilotherms and Homeotherms. In: The Endocrinology of Growth, Development and Metabolism of Vertebrates, Schreibman, M.P., C.G. Scanes, F.M.A. McNabb and P.K.T. Pang (Eds.). Academic Press, New York, pp: 151-182.

11:  Huybrechts, L.M., D.B. King, T.J. Lauterio, J. Marsh and C. Scanes, 1985. Plasma concentrations of somatomedin-C in hypophysectomized, dwarf and intact growing domestic fowl as determined by heterologous radioimmunoassay. J. Endocrinol., 104: 233-239.
PubMed  |  

12:  Kwak, H., R.E. Austic and R.R. Dietert, 1999. Influence of dietary arginine concentration on lymphoid organ growth in chickens. Poult. Sci., 78: 1536-1541.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Stevens, L., 1996. Avian Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. University Press, Cambridge, UK.

14:  Meijer, A.J. and P.F. Dubbelhis, 2004. Amino acid signaling and the integration of metabolism. Biochem. Biophys., 313: 397-403.
PubMed  |  

15:  Merimee, T., D. Rabinowitz and S. Fineberg, 1969. Arginine initiated release of human growth hormone. Factors modifying the response in normal man. New Engl. J. Med., 280: 1434-1438.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Naji, S.N. and A.K. Hanna, 1999. Broiler management manual. Arab Union for Nutritional Industries.

17:  NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th Edn., National Academy Press, Washington, DC., USA., ISBN-13: 9780309048927, Pages: 155.

18:  Peter, T. and C. Kirsten, 1999. L-Arginine stimulation of glucose-induced insulin secretion through membrane depolarization and independent of nitric oxide. Eur. J. Endocrinol., 140: 87-93.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Rorsman, P., F. Ashcroft and P. Berggren, 1991. Regulation of glucagon release from pancreatic a cells. Biochem. Pharmacol., 41: 1783-1790.

20:  Scanes, C.G., D.R. Duyka, T.T. Lauterio, S.J. Bowen, L.M. Huybrechts, W.L. Bacon and D.B. King, 1986. Effect of chicken growth hormone, triiodothyronine and hypophysectomy in growing domestic fowl. Growth, 50: 12-31.

21:  Shanawany, M., A. Al-Khazraji, O. Hamed and P. Edelsten, 1979. Effect of protamine zinc insulin on feed intake and weight gain in broiler chicks. Q. J. Exp. Physiol. Cognate Med. Sci., 64: 291-295.

22:  Stevens, B., M. Godfrey, T. Kaminski and R. Braith, 2000. High intensity dynamic human muscle performance enhanced by a metabolic intervention. Med. Sci. Spor. Exerc., 32: 2102-2104.

23:  Tamir, H. and S. Ratner, 1963. Enzymes of arginine metabolism in chicks. Archiv. Physiol. Biochem., 102: 249-269.

24:  Thams, P. and K. Capito, 1999. Arginine stimulation of glucose-induced insulin secretion through membrane depolarization and independent of nitric oxide. Eur. J. Endocrinol., 140: 87-93.

25:  Uni, Z. and P. Ferket, 2003. Enhancement of development of oviparous species by in ovo feeding. U.S. Regular Patent US 6,592,878 B2.

26:  Vasilatos-Younken, R., T.L. Gravener, L.A. Cogburn, M.G. Mast and R.H. Wellenreiter, 1988. Effect of pattern of administration on the response to exogenous pituitary-derived chicken growth hormone by broiler-strain pullets. General Comp. Endocrinol., 71: 268-283.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved