Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Improving the Nutrient Quality of Juice Waste Mixture by Steam Pressure for Poultry Diet

Maria Endo Mahata, Yose Rizal and Guoyao Wu
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The problem of juice waste mixture as poultry diet was high in crude fiber and low in metabolizable energy contents. Experiments were performed to improve the nutrient quality of juice waste mixture by using steam pressure. The first experiment was designed in a completely randomized design with 4 different incubation times of juice waste mixture (0, 15, 30, and 45 minutes) in Autoclave (15 psi pressure and 121°C), and each treatment was replicated 5 times. Measured variables were crude fiber, crude protein, crude fat. The second experiment was to compare of crude fiber, crude protein, ether extract, NDF, ADF, cellulose, hemi-cellulose, lignin, nitrogen retention, amino acid profile, and metabolizable energy of juice waste mixture between treated vs. untreated one. The results showed that the crude fiber, crude protein, and crude fat of juice waste mixture were significantly affected (P<0.05) by incubation time in autoclave. The incubation time for 30 minutes decreased crude fiber and crude fat, but increased crude protein contents of the juice waste mixture. The crude fiber, ether extract, NDF, ADF, cellulose, and lignin contents between untreated vs treated reduced from 17.10, 6.24, 34.30, 24.40, 12.20, and 11.80% to 12.02, 4.06, 32.62, 22.05,10.50,11.55%, respectively. Meanwhile, nitrogen retention, crude protein, hemi-cellulose, and metabolizable energy increased from 59.99, 8.40, 9.90%, and 1744 kcal/kg to 65.51, 13.35, 10.57%, and 2550 kcal/kg, respectively. In conclusion, the incubation time for 30 minutes in autoclave was the best treatment for improving the nutrient quality of juice waste mixture.

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Maria Endo Mahata, Yose Rizal and Guoyao Wu, 2012. Improving the Nutrient Quality of Juice Waste Mixture by Steam Pressure for Poultry Diet. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 11: 172-175.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2012.172.175



  1. AOAC., 1984. Official Methods of Analysis. 14th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., USA

  2. Goering, H.K. and P.J. Van Soet, 1970. Forage fiber analyses (apparatus, reagents, procedures and some applications). Agriculture Handbook No. 379, ARS-USDA, Washington, DC., USA., pp: 1-20.

  3. Kling, S.H., C. Carvalho-Neto, M.A. Ferrara, J.C.R. Torres, D.B. Magalhaes and D.D.Y. Ryu, 1987. Enhancement of enzymatic hydrolysis of sugar cane bagasse by steam explosion treatment. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 29: 1035-1039.
    Direct Link  |  

  4. Pate, F.M., 1982. Value of treating bagasse with steam under pressure for cattle feed. Trop. Agric., 59: 293-297.
    Direct Link  |  

  5. Rizal, Y., M.E. Mahata, M. Andriani and G. Wu, 2010. Utilization of juice wastes as corn replacement in the broiler diet. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 9: 886-889.
    CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

  6. Sibbald, I.R., 1986. The TME system of feed evaluation: Methodology feed composition data and bibliography. Animal Research Centre, Research Branch Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Technical Bulletin 1986-4E, Pages: 114.

  7. Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 2nd Edn., McGraw Hill Co., New York, USA., ISBN-13: 9780070609266, Pages: 633

  8. Cheong, Y.W.Y., J.T. d'Espaignet, P.J. Deville, R. Sansoucy and T.R. Preston, 1974. The effect of steam treatment on cane bagasse in relation to its digestibility and furfural production. Proceedings of the 15th Congress of International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists, June 13-29, 1974, Durban, South Africa, pp: 1887-1894

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved