Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Breast Feeding and Motherhood



Salima Shams
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Breast feeding is a natural way of feeding new born. Besides being a complete nutrition for a new born, it also provides immunity and enhances emotional bonding between mother and a child. Globally, infant morbidity and mortality ratio have been significantly reduced with the exclusive breast feeding practices for initial 6 months and up to 2 years of age. Every year, during 1st-7th August, International World Breast Feeding Day is celebrated in different countries. The aim of celebrating this day is to create awareness among people about the importance of breast feeding. Being a Muslim, we are privileged that breast feeding to a new born is usually encouraged in our families. Many nursing mothers’ wish to breast feed their neonates. However, due to inadequate knowledge about healthy practices during lactation, they encounter problems such as inadequate breast milk production, crack nipples and breast engorgement resulting in decline in breast feeding practices. Milk production in lactating mothers, can be enhanced with an early initiation of breast feeding to a new born, nursing mother intake of healthy diet and rest. With that, spousal and family support during post partum period is also crucial. Moreover, awareness sessions for pregnant, lactating mothers, their spouses and families about the significance of breast feeding to neonates and to families can also help in greater adherence to breast feeding practices. Crack nipple and breast engorgement are two frequent problems faced by nursing mothers which can be reduced by adopting frequent and proper technique of breast feeding practices.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Salima Shams , 2011. Breast Feeding and Motherhood. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 599-601.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2011.599.601

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2011.599.601

REFERENCES
1:  Abdullah, L.J., 2010. Towards A Baby-Friendly World. http://world breastfeedingweek.org/pdf/wbw2010pr.pdf

2:  Baby Friendly Key Common Messages Working Document, 2007. Halton Region Health Department. http://www.babyfriendlyhalton.ca/docs/ Baby% 20Friendly%20Common%20Messages.pdf

3:  Blaauw, R., E.C. Albertse, T. Beneke, C.J. Lombard, R. Laubscher and F.S. Hough, 1994. Risk factors for development of osteoporosis in a south african population. S. Afr. Med. J., 84: 328-332.

4:  Daly, S.E.J. and P.E. Hartmann, 1995. Infant Demand and milk supply. Part 1: Infant demand and milk production in lactating women. J. Human Lact., 11: 21-26.
CrossRef  |  

5:  Daly, S.E.J. and P.E. Hartmann, 1995. Infant demand and milk supply. Part 2: The short-term control of milk synthesis in lactating women. J. Human Lact., 11: 27-37.
CrossRef  |  

6:  Dewey, K.G., 1998. Effects of maternal caloric restriction and exercise during lactation. J. Nutr., 128: 386S-389S.
Direct Link  |  

7:  Groer, M.W., 2005. Differences between exclusive breast feeders, formula-feeders and controls: A study of stress, mood and endocrine variables. Biol. Res. Nursing, 7: 106-117.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Health Canada Fact Sheet, 2004. Exclusive Breastfeeding Duration: 2004 Health Canada Recommendation. http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/nutrition/infant-nourisson/excl_bf_dur-dur_am_excl-eng.php

9:  Kocturk, T., 2003. Foetal development and breastfeeding in early texts of the Islamic tradition. Acta Paediatrica, 92: 617-620.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Kovacs, C.S., 2005. Calcium and bone metabolism during pregnancy and lactation. J. Mammary Gland Biol. Neoplasia, 10: 105-118.
PubMed  |  

11:  Mohrbacher, N., L.L.L. International and J. Stock, 2003. The Breast-Feeding Answer Book. 3rd Edn., La Leche League International, USA Pages: 680.

12:  Riordan, J., 2005. Breast feeding and Human Lactation. 3rd Edn., Jones and Bartlett Publishers Inc., Toronto.

13:  Shaikh, U. and O. Ahmed, 2006. Islam and infant feeding. Breastfeeding Med., 1: 164-167.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved