Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Performance of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on Cotton Waste Amended with Maize and Banana Leaves

Waqas Ahmad, Javaid Iqbal, Muhammad salim, Iftikhar Ahmad, Muhammad Aqeel Sarwar, Muhammad Asif Shehzad and Muhammad Awais Rafiq
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The experiment was conducted to evaluate the growth and performance of oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on the different substrates. The substrates used in the study were T1 (100% C.W), T2 (50% C.W + 50% Banana leaves), T3 (75% C.W + 25% Banana leaves), T4 (50% C.W + 50% Maize leaves) and T5 (75% C.W + 25% Maize leaves). The numbers of days to complete the mycelium growth and days to reach harvesting stage were decreased in treatments T1 and T5 when compared to others treatments followed by T2. The numbers of matured mushrooms were greater in T1, T2 and T5. Total yield was significantly higher in T1 (125 g), T2 (121 g) and T5 (119.8 g) respectively. The maximum dry weight was produced by T1 (27.2 g) and T2 (25.0 g) respectively over others treatments. The nitrogen contents after harvesting of mushrooms were also affected. These results investigated that 100% cotton waste and 50% cotton waste + 50% Banana leaves are suitable for the cultivation of mushrooms as compared to other growing media.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Waqas Ahmad, Javaid Iqbal, Muhammad salim, Iftikhar Ahmad, Muhammad Aqeel Sarwar, Muhammad Asif Shehzad and Muhammad Awais Rafiq, 2011. Performance of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on Cotton Waste Amended with Maize and Banana Leaves. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 509-513.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2011.509.513


1:  Anonymous, 2000. Agricultural statistics of pakistan. Govt. of Pakistan, Food and Agricultural Division (Planning Unit), Islamabad.

2:  AOAC., 1960. Official and Tentative Methods of Analysis. 9th Edn., Benjman Franklen Station, Washington, DC..

3:  Belewu, M.A., Z.A. Aderolu, N.O. Banjo, A.K. Musa, A.A. Oyerinde and O.S. Abdusalami, 2006. Potential application of fungal biotechnology on the nutritional evaluation of sawdust-gliricide mixture by rat. Res. J. Biotechnol., 1: 36-39.

4:  Chang, S.T. and P.G. Miles, 1989. Edible mushroom and their cultivation. C.R.C. Press Inc, Bocartan, Florida. Medicinal Pleurotus (Fr.) P. Kurs: Speciese. Int. J. Med. Mushroom, 2: 73-80.

5:  Das, N. and M. Mukherjee, 2007. Cultivation of Pleurotus ostreatus on weed plants. Bioresour. Technol., 98: 2723-2726.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Dhanda, S., H.S. Sodhi and R.P. Phutela, 1996. Nutrition and yield evaluation of oyster mushroom Pleurotrus species. Ind. J. Nutr. Diet., 33: 275-279.

7:  Khan, S.M., A.G. Kausar and M.A. Ali, 1980. Temperature requirement of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus). Mush. Newslett. Tropics, 2: 11-13.

8:  Khan, A.M. and S.M. Khan, 2001. Study on the cultivation of oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus on different substrates. Pak. J. Agric. Sci., 2: 140-143.

9:  Khan, S.M. and M.A. Ali, 1981. Cultivation of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sp.) on cotton boll locules. Mush. Sci., 11: 691-695.

10:  Khanna, P. and H.S. Garcha, l981. Introducing the cultivation of Pleurotus florida in the plains of India. Mush. Sci., 11: 655-665.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Madan, M., P. Vasudevan and S. Sharma, 1987. Cultivation of Pleurotus sajorcaju on different wastes. Biol. Wastes, 22: 241-250.
CrossRef  |  

12:  Quimio, T.H., 1976. Cultivation ganoderma the (Pleurotus-way). Mushroom Newslett. Tropics, 6: 12-130.

13:  Rajarathnam, S., M.N. Shashirekha and Z. Bano, 2001. Biodegradation of gossypol by the white oyster mushroom, Pleurotus florida, during culturing on rice straw growth substrate, supplemented with cottonseed powder. World J. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 17: 221-227.
CrossRef  |  

14:  Saghir, A.S., 1998. Study on different strains of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus sp.) on cotton waste. M.Sc. Thesis, Deptt- P1. Pathol., University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

15:  Shah, Z.A., M. Ashraf and M. Ishtiaq, 2004. Comparative study on cultivation and yield performance of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on different substrates (wheat straw, leaves, saw dust). Pak. J. Nutr., 3: 158-160.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

16:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1984. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw Hall Book Co. Inc., Singapore, pp: 172-178.

17:  Silva, S.O., M.S. Games da Costa and E. Clemente, 2002. Chemical composition of Pleurotus pulmonarius (Fr.) Quell substrates and residue after cultivation. Brazil. Arch. Biol. Technol., 45: 531-535.
ISI  |  

18:  Tewari, R.P., 1986. Mushroom cultivation. Extension Bulletin. Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Banglore, India, Vol. 8, Pages: 36.

19:  Upadhyay, R.C. and B. Vijay, 1991. Cultivation of Pleurotus Species During Winter in India. In: Science and Cultivation of Edible Fungi, Maher, M.J., (Ed.). Mushroom Science XII. Vol. 2. Balkema, Rotterdam, Netherlands, pp: 533-536.

20:  Yildiz, S., U.K. Yildiz, E.D. Gezer and A. Temiz, 2002. Some lignocellulosic wastes used as raw material in cultivation of the Pleurotus ostreatus culture mushroom. Process Biochem., 38: 301-306.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved