Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Nutrition and Eating Patterns among Preschoolers in Gaza Strip



Basil J. Kanoa, Amine T. Hamed and Baker M. Zabut
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The study aim to assess the nutrition and eating patterns among Preschool Age Children (PSC) in Gaza Strip. The study design was cross sectional study carried-out in the five governorates of Gaza Strip. The study population was preschool children that were chosen from eligible Kindergartens (KG). Official approval to conduct the research study was obtained from the ministry of education and higher education and consent form from parents to participate mother and coming to the KG was obtained. Data were collected through face to face interviews with the children's mothers. The questionnaire was designed to include two parts: sociodemographic part and food frequency of animal and plant product. The results showed that about 44% of the surveyed children were given milk once daily, while 11.2% of them did not receive it at all. About 32.9% of the surveyed children were give fish once per week while 8.8% did not receive it at all. With exception to meat either fresh, frozen or canned there is no statistical significance relationship between frequencies of eating liver, fish, eggs and milk in relation to governorates. The percentage of the surveyed children were given vegetables and fruits once daily were (71.1%, 53.1%) respectively. It was found that 7% are given fruits each two weeks or more. With exception to vegetables, there is statistical significance relationship between bread, rice, macaroni, fruits, legumes, sweets and fruit juices in relation to governorates.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Basil J. Kanoa, Amine T. Hamed and Baker M. Zabut, 2011. Nutrition and Eating Patterns among Preschoolers in Gaza Strip. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 492-499.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2011.492.499

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2011.492.499

REFERENCES
1:  Abu Mourad, T.A., 2004. Palestinian refugee conditions associated with intestinal parasites and diarrhoea: Nuseirat refugee camp as a case study. Public Health, 118: 131-142.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  DPHNE, 2000. Preschool nutrition module. Stock No. 13-40, Department of Health, Bureau of Nutrition Services, Texas, USA.

3:  Giacaman, R., 1988. A Profile of Life and Health in Three Palestinian Villages. Ithaca Press, London, UK., ISBN-13: 9780863720864, pp: 187.

4:  Kumar, B., 1995. Assessment of the Nutritional Status of Children under Five in the Gaza Strip. Jerusalem, Terre Des Hommes, Gaza, pp: 38.

5:  Lennernas, M. and I. Andersson, 1999. Food-Based Classification of Eating Episodes (FBCE). Appetite, 32: 53-65.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  MARAM Project, 2004. Prevalence of vitamin A deficiency among children, aged 12-59 months, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The MARAM Project, US Agency for International Development, USA., pp: 1-65.

7:  Mushtaha, R.F., 2006. Biochemical changes associated with nutritional rickets in children up to three years old in Gaza Strip. Master's Thesis, Faculty of Science, Islamic University in Gaza, Palestine.

8:  MOH, 1997. Health status in Palestine: Annual report 1997. Palestinian Ministry of Health, Palestinian.

9:  MOH, 1999. Health status in Palestine: Annual report 1999. Palestinian Ministry of Health, Palestinian.

10:  MOH, 2001. Establishing a food and nutrition department in Palestine: Three years project proposal. Report No. 1, Palestinian Ministry of Health, Palestinian.

11:  MOH, 2003. Health status in Palestine: Annual report 2003. Palestinian Ministry of Health, Palestinian.

12:  MOH, 2009. Health status in Palestine: Annual report 2009. Palestinian Ministry of Health, Palestinian.

13:  MOH, 2007. Health status in Palestine: Annual report 2007. Palestinian Ministry of Health, Palestinian.

14:  PCBS, 2006. Palestinian family health survey in occupied Palestinian territories in cooperation with Pan-Arab Project for Family Health (PAPFAM). United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).

15:  Parvanta, I., D. Galuska and M.E. Simpson, 1999. Gaza nutrition survey. UNRWA and CDC., Gaza.

16:  Sepp, H., M. Lennernas and L. Abrahamsson, 2006. Preschool children's meal patterns analyzed using the food-based classification of eating episodes model. Scand. J. Food Nutr., 50: 131-138.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Skeik, A.B., 2003. Prevalenc of wasting and and stunting among Governemental primary schoolchildren in Gaza governorate. Master's Thesis, School of Public Health, Al-Quds University, Palestine.

18:  The Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, 2008. The population, housing and establishment census-2007. Preliminary Findings, (Population, Buildings, Housing Units and Establishments), Ramallah, Palestine, pp: 1-19.

19:  UNDP, 2009. Inside Gaza attitudes and perceptions of the Gaza strip residents in the aftermath of the Israeli military operations. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UNDP Programme of Assistance to the Palestinian People.

20:  Webster-Gandy, J., A. Madden and M. Holdsworth, 2006. Oxford Handbook of Nutrition and Dietetics. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK., ISBN: 9780198567257, pp: 40-42.

21:  WHO, 2006. Prevalence and risk factors for rickets among Palestinian children 6-36 months old in the Gaza Strip. Preliminary Report, Ard-El Insan, Gaza and the Nutrition Department, PHC Directorate, MOH, Gaza, pp: 1-10.

22:  Ziara, S.M., 1999. Assessment of kindergarten children health, in southern provinces of Palestine, in the scholastic year 1998/99. Master's Thesis, School of Public Health, Al-Quds University, Palestine.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved