Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Preparation and Evaluation of Dietetic Cookies for Vulnerable Segments Using Black Cumin Fixed Oil

M. Tauseef Sultan, Masood Sadiq Butt, Imran Pasha, Mir M. Nasir Qayyum, Farhan Saeed and Waqas Ahmad
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Varying consumption trends and poor dietary habits had led to widespread prevalence of various lifestyles related disorders including obesity, diabetes and dyslipidemia. The reliance of communities on processed foods is also detrimental factor in their progression. The concerted efforts are required in order to eliminate these problems. In this project, efforts were directed to prepare nutritious dietetic cookies using Black Cumin Fixed Oil (BCFO). Accordingly, formulations of cookies were modified to reduce the fats, sugar and energy level along with provision of some bioactive molecules from BCFO. The results indicated that reduction in fat and sugar levels provided less calorific value to cookies. However, utilization of BCFO (~4%) resulted in some quality retention even at reduced levels of fats and sugars. Furthermore, reducing the level of shortening and sugars resulted in decreased fat contents (45.61%) as compared to control. Similarly, total sugar levels were decreased by 43.17%. These cumulative factors led to dwindled calorific value by 37.98%. The reduction in fats and sugars led to decreased sensory appraisal from trained taste panel. However, at 40% reduction in fats and sugars were quite acceptable owing to presence of BCFO. It further provided protection against lipid per-oxidation as indicated from peroxide value. In the nutshell, preparation of nutritious and dietetic cookies using BCFO is feasible approach to reduce the calorific value of cookies and such novel products hold potential to reduce the obesity and related disorders.

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

M. Tauseef Sultan, Masood Sadiq Butt, Imran Pasha, Mir M. Nasir Qayyum, Farhan Saeed and Waqas Ahmad, 2011. Preparation and Evaluation of Dietetic Cookies for Vulnerable Segments Using Black Cumin Fixed Oil. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 451-456.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2011.451.456



1:  AACC, 2000. Approved Methods of American Association of Cereal Chemists. 10th Edn., American Association of Cereal Chemists Inc., St Paul MN., USA., ISBN: 9781891127120, pp: 1200

2:  ADA, 2009. Position of the American dietetic association: Functional foods. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 109: 735-746.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  AOAC, 2003. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Arlington, VA

4:  AOCS., 1998. Official Methods and Recommended Practices of AOCS. 5th Edn., American Oil Chemical Society, Champaign, IL., USA

5:  Arshad, M.U., F.M. Anjum and T. Zahoor, 2007. Nutritional assessment of cookies supplemented with defatted wheat germ. Food Chem., 102: 123-128.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Bordes, J., G. Branlard, F.X. Oury, G. Charmet and F. Balfourier, 2008. Agronomic characteristics grain quality and flour rheology of 372 bread wheats in a worldwide core collection. J. Cereal Sci., 48: 569-579.
CrossRef  |  

7:  Butt, M.S. and M.T. Sultan, 2010. Nigella sativa: Reduces the risk of various maladies. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., 50: 654-665.

8:  Butt, M.S. and M.T. Sultan, 2009. Green tea: Nature's defense against malignancies. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., 49: 463-473.

9:  Butt, M.S., M.T. Sultan, M.S. Butt and J. Iqbal, 2009. Garlic: Nature's protection against physiological threats. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr., 49: 538-551.

10:  Cheikh-Rouhou, S., S. Besbes, B. Hentati, C. Blecker, C. Deroanne and H. Attia, 2007. Nigella sativa L.: Chemical composition and physicochemical characteristics of lipid fraction. Food Chem., 101: 673-681.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Furukawa, S., T. Fujita, M. Shimabukuro, M. Iwaki and Y. Yamada et al., 2004. Increased oxidative stress in obesity and its impact on metabolic syndrome. J. Clin. Invest., 114: 1752-1761.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Gaines, C.S. and J.R. Donelson, 1985. Evaluating cookie spread potential of whole wheat flours from soft wheat cultivars. Cereal Chem., 62: 134-136.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Gali-Muhtasib, H., M. Diab-Assaf, C. Boltze, J. Al-Hmaira, R. Hartig, A. Roessner and R. Schneider-Stock, 2004. Thymoquinone extracted from black seed triggers apoptotic cell death in human colorectal cancer cells via a p53-dependent mechanism. Int. J. Oncol., 25: 857-866.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Hensrud, D.D., 2004. Diet and obesity. Curr. Opin. Gastroenterol., 20: 119-124.

15:  Jacobs Jr., D.R., M.D. Gross and L.C. Tapsell, 2009. Food synergy: An operational concept for understanding Nutrition. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 89: 1543S-1548S.
PubMed  |  

16:  Jew, S., S.S. AbuMweis and P.J. Jones, 2009. Evolution of the human diet: Linking our ancestral diet to modern functional foods as a means of chronic disease prevention. J. Med. Food, 12: 925-934.
PubMed  |  

17:  Klein, C., T. Sato, M.M. Meguid and G. Miyata, 2000. From food to Nutritional support to specific nutraceuticals: A journey across time in the treatment of disease. J. Gastroenterol., 12: 1-6.

18:  Krystallis, A., G. Maglaras and S. Mamalis, 2008. Motivations and cognitive structures of consumers in their purchasing of functional foods. Food Qual. Pref., 19: 525-538.
CrossRef  |  

19:  Mahmood, S., M.S. Butt, F.M. Anjum and H. Nawaz, 2008. Baking and storage stability of retinyl acetate (Vitamin A) fortified cookies. Pak. J. Nutr., 7: 586-589.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

20:  Meilgaard, M.C., G.V. Civille and B.T. Carr, 2007. Sensory Evaluation Techniques. 4th Edn., CRC Press, New York, ISBN: 0849338395

21:  Pasha, I., M.S. Butt, F.M. Anjum and N. Shahzadi, 2002. Effect of dietetic sweetners on the quality of cookies. Int. J. Agric. Biol., 4: 245-248.
Direct Link  |  

22:  Ramaa, C.S., A.R. Shirode, A.S. Mundada and V.J. Kadam, 2006. Nutraceuticals-An emerging era in the treatment and prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Curr. Pharma. Biotechnol., 7: 15-23.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  

23:  Roy, L.G., S. Arabshahi-Delouee and A. Urooj, 2010. Antioxidant efficacy of mulberry (Morus indica L.) leaves extract and powder in edible oil. Int. J. Food Sci. Technol., 13: 1-9.

24:  Shabir, R., M.S. Butt, N. Huma and A. Jamil, 2010. Safety assessment of functional drinks prepard from green tea catechins and epigallocatechin gallate. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 222-229.
CrossRef  |  

25:  Sharif, K., M.S. Butt and N. Huma, 2005. Oil extraction from rice industrial waste and its effect on physico-chemical characteristics of cookies. Nutr. Food Sci., 35: 416-427.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

26:  Sharif, M.K., M.S. Butt, F.M. Anjum and H. Nawaz, 2009. Preparation of fiber and mineral enriched defatted rice bran supplemented cookies. Pak. J. Nutr., 8: 571-577.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

27:  Siro, I., E. Kapolna, B. Kapolna and A. Lugasi, 2008. Functional food. Product development, marketing and consumer acceptance-A review. Appetite, 51: 456-467.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Steel, R.G.D., J.H. Torrie and D.A. Dickie, 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. 3rd Edn., McGraw-Hill, New York, Pages: 182

29:  Sultan, M.T., M.S. Butt, F.M. Anjum and A. Jamil, 2009. Influence of black cumin fixed and essential oil supplementation on markers of myocardial necrosis in normal and diabetic rats. Pak. J. Nutr., 8: 1450-1455.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

30:  Sultan, M.T., M.S. Butt, F.M. Anjum, A. Jamil, S. Akhtar and M. Nasir, 2009. Nutritional profile of indigenous cultivar of black cumin seeds and antioxidant potential of its fixed and essential oil. Pak. J. Bot., 41: 1321-1330.
Direct Link  |  

31:  Wang, Z.H., C.C. Hsu and M.C. Yin, 2009. Antioxidative characteristics of aqueous and ethanol extracts of glossy privet fruit. Food Chem., 112: 914-918.
CrossRef  |  

32:  Wild, S., G. Roglic, A. Green, R. Sicree and H. King, 2004. Global prevalence of diabetes: Estimates for the year 2000 and projections for 2030. Diabetes Care, 27: 1047-1053.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

33:  Wildman, R.E.C., 2007. Nutraceuticals and Functional Foods. In: Hand Book of Nutraceutical and Functional Foods, Wildman, R.E.C. (Ed.). 2nd Edn., CRC Press, New York. USA., pp: 1-21

34:  Zock, P.L. and M.B. Katan, 1998. Diet, LDL oxidation and coronary artery disease. Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 68: 759-760.
Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved