Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Effects of Moringa oleifera (Lam.) Leaves Meal Incorporation in Diets on Growth Performances, Carcass Characteristics and Economics Results of Growing Indigenous Senegal Chickens

S.B. Ayssiwede, A. Dieng, H. Bello, C.A.A.M. Chrysostome, M.B. Hane, A. Mankor, M. Dahouda, M.R. Houinato, J.L. Hornick and A. Missohou
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The purpose of this study carried out from July to October 2010 was to assess the effects of Moringa oleifera leaves meal inclusion in diets on growth performances, carcass and organs characteristics and economics results of growing indigenous Senegal chickens. Ninety six (96) indigenous Senegal chicks of 5 weeks old were randomly allocated into four groups of 24 chicks each with similar body weight. Each group subdivided in two repetitions of 12 birds, corresponded to each of the four (4) dietary treatments MO0, MO8, MO16 and MO24 containing respectively 0, 8, 16 and 24% of Moringa leaves meal in substitution of groundnut cake meal. During the experiment (6-17th week old), zootechnical parameters of birds and economical data were recorded and analyzed per dietary treatment. At the end of the 12 weeks trial, the final Live Body Weights (LBW) were 721.60 g, 911.70 g, 812.85 g and 720.05 g/bird, the average daily weight gain (ADWG) were 6.49 g, 8.77 g, 7.61 g and 6.50 g/day, the Daily Feed Intake (DFI) of 39.10 g, 39.76 g, 36.28 g and 34.24 g/bird and the Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR) of 7.58, 5.75, 6.11 et 7.24 respectively for birds fed MO0, MO8, MO16 and MO24 diets. The Moringa leaves meal inclusion in the diets up to 24% had not caused any adverse impact on LBW, ADWG, FCR, mortality, carcass and organs characteristics in birds compared to their controls. Except the significantly decrease of DFI obtained in birds of MO16 and MO24 treatments, significantly better growth performances, feed costs and economic margins were recorded in birds fed MO8 and MO16 diets. Thus these two dietary treatments were the only most economically profitable (respectively 357 and 206 FCFA/kg carcass of additional profit) compared to the control.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

S.B. Ayssiwede, A. Dieng, H. Bello, C.A.A.M. Chrysostome, M.B. Hane, A. Mankor, M. Dahouda, M.R. Houinato, J.L. Hornick and A. Missohou, 2011. Effects of Moringa oleifera (Lam.) Leaves Meal Incorporation in Diets on Growth Performances, Carcass Characteristics and Economics Results of Growing Indigenous Senegal Chickens. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 1132-1145.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2011.1132.1145


1:  Adetayo, A.S. and S.E. Babafunso, 2001. Comparison of the performance of Nigerian indigenous chickens from three agro-ecological zones. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 13.

2:  Agbede, J.O. and V.A. Aletor, 2003. Evaluation of fish meal replaced with leaf protein concentrate from Glyricidia in diets for broiler chicks: Effect on performance, muscle growth, hematology and serum metabolites. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 2: 242-250.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Ash, A.J. and L.A. Petaia, 1992. Nutritional value of Sebania grandiflora leavesfor ruminant and monogastrics. Trop. Agric., 69: 223-228.

4:  Atawodi, S.E., D. Mari, J.C. Atawodi and Y. Yahaya, 2008. Assessment of Leucaena leucocephala leaves as feed supplement in laying hens. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 7: 317-321.
Direct Link  |  

5:  Ayssiwede, S.B., J.C. Zanmenou, Y. Issa, M.B. Hane and A. Dieng et al., 2011. Nutrient composition of some unconventional and local feed resources available in senegal and recoverable in indigenous chickens or animal feeding. Pak. J. Nutr., 10: 707-717.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Ayssiwede, S.B., A. Dieng, C. Chrysostome, W. Ossebi, J.L. Hornick and A. Missohou, 2010. Digestibility and metabolic utilization and nutritional value of Leucaena leucocephala (Lam.) leaves meal incorporated in the diets of indigenous senegal chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 9: 767-776.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Bhatnagar, R., M. Kataria and S.V.S. Verma, 1996. Effect of dietary Leucaena leaf meal on the performance and egg characteristics in white leghorn hens. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 66: 1291-1294.
Direct Link  |  

8:  D'Mello, J.P.F., 1992. Chemical constraints to the use of tropical legumes in animal nutrition. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 38: 237-261.

9:  D'Mello, J.P.E., T. Acamovic and A.G. Walker, 1987. Evaluation of leucaena leaf meal for broiler growth and pigmentation. J. Trop. Agric., 64: 33-35.

10:  Fayeye, T.R., A.B. Adesiyan and A.A. Olugbami, 2005. Egg traits, hatchability and early growth performance of the Fulani-ecotype chicken. Livestock Res. Rural Dev. Vol., 17

11:  Gueye, E.F., 2000. The role of family poultry in poverty alleviation, food security and the promotion of gender equality in rural Africa. Outlook Agric., 29: 129-136.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Gueye, E.F., 1997. Diseases in village chickens control through ethno-veterinary medicine. ILEIA Newslett., 13: 20-21.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Gupta, B.S., N. Satapathy, S.S. Chabbra and S.K. Ranjhan, 1970. Effect of Chakunda (Caasia tora, Linn) leaf meal on growth and egg production of white leghorn birds. Ind. Vet. J., 47: 1094-1101.

14:  Halima, H., F.W.C. Neser, E. van Marle-Koster and A. de Kock, 2007. Village-based indigenous chicken production system in North-West Ethiopia. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 39: 189-197.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Hassen, H., F.W.C. Neser, T. Dessie, A. de Kock and E. Van Marle-Koster, 2006. Studies on the growth performance of native chicken ecotypes and RIR chicken under improved management system in Northwest Ethiopia. Livestock Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 18.

16:  Iheukwumere, F.C., E.C. Ndubuisi, E.A. Mazi and M.U. Onyekwere, 2008. Performance, nutrient utilization and organ characteristics of broilers fed cassava leaf meal (Manihot esculenta Crantz). Pak. J. Nutr., 7: 13-16.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Joseph, J.K., O.O. Balogun and M.A. Famuyima, 1992. Carcass evaluation and organoleptic assessment of quality attributes of some selected Nigerian birds. Bull. Anim. Health Prod. Africa, 40: 97-102.

18:  Kaijage, J.T., S.V. Sarwatt and S.K. Mutayoba, 2003. Moringa oleifera leaf meal can improve quality characteristics and consumer preference of marketable eggs. Numerical Proceedings Papers, 2003.

19:  Kakengi, A.M.V., J.T. Kaijage, S.V. Sarwatt, S.K. Mutayoba, M.N. Shem and T. Fujihara, 2007. Effect of Moringa oleifera leaf meal as a substitute for sunflower seed meal on performance of laying hens in Tanzania. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 19.

20:  Kingori, A.M., J.K. Tuitoek, H.K. Muiruri, A.M. Wachira and E.K. Birech, 2007. Protein intake of growing indigenous chickens on free-range and their response to supplementation. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 6: 617-621.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Kitalyi, A.J. and A. Mayer, 1998. Village chicken production systems in rural Africa. Household Food Security and Gender Issues,FAO Animal Production and Health Paper No. 142, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy, pp: 1-81.

22:  Kondombo, S.R., 2005. Improvement of village chicken production in a mixed (chicken-ram) farming system. Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Animal Science, Wageningen University, The Netherlands.

23:  Kondombo, S.R., R.P. Kwakkel, A.J. Nianogo and M. Slingerland, 2003. Effects of local feedstuff supplementation on zootechnic performances and nutritional status of village chickens during the end of the rainy season in Burkina Faso. Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays. Trop., 56: 199-204.
Direct Link  |  

24:  Makkar, H.P.S. and K. Becker, 1997. Nutrients and antiquality factors in different morphological parts of the Moringa oleifera tree. J. Agric. Sci., 128: 311-322.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

25:  Makkar, H.P.S. and K. Becker, 1996. Nutrional value and antinutritional components of whole and ethanol extracted Moringa oleifera leaves. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 63: 211-228.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

26:  Missohou, A., P.N. Dieye and E. Talaki, 2002. Rural poultry production and productivity in southern Senegal. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 14.

27:  Mohammed, M.D., Y.I. Abdalsalam, A.R.M. Kheir, W. Jin-Yu and M.H. Hussein, 2005. Growth performance of indigenous x exotic crosses of chicken and evaluation of general and specific combining ability under Sudan condition. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 4: 468-471.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Msoffe, P.L.M., M.M.A. Mtambo, U.M. Minga, J.E. Olsen and H.R. Juul-Madsen et al., 2004. Productivity and reproductive performance of the free-range local domestic fowl ecotypes in Tanzania. Livestock Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 16,

29:  Mutayoba, S.K., E. Dierenfeld, V.A. Mercedes, Y. Frances and C.D. Knight, 2011. Determination of chemical composition and ant-nutritive components for tanzanian locally available poultry feed ingredients. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 10: 350-357.
CrossRef  |  

30:  Mutayoba, S.K., B.M. Mutayoba and P. Okot, 2003. The performance of growing pullets fed diets with varying energy and leucaena leaf meal levels. Livestock Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 15,

31:  Ndegwa, J., R. Mead, P. Norrish, C. Kimani and A. Wachira, 2001. The growth performance of indigenous Kenyan chickens fed diets containing different levels of protein during rearing. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 33: 441-448.

32:  Nuhu, F., 2010. Effect of Moringa Leaf Meal (MOLM) on nutrient digestibility, growth, carcass and blood indices of weaner rabbits. M.Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana.

33:  Odunsi, A.A., M.O. Ogunleke, O.S. Alagbe and T.O. Ajani, 2002. Effect of feeding Gliricidia sepium leaf meal on the performance and egg quality of layers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 1: 26-28.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

34:  Olugbemi, T.S., S.K. Mutayoba and F.P. Lekule, 2010. Effect of moringa (Moringa oleifera) inclusion in cassava based diets fed to broiler chickens. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 9: 363-367.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

35:  Olugbemi, T.S., S.K. Mutayoba and F.P. Lekule, 2010. Evaluation of Moringa oleifera leaf meal inclusion in cassava chip based diets fed to laying birds. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 22.

36:  Omekam, V.N., 1994. Studies on nutrition and health implications of dietary inclusion of dried poultry waste for broilers. M.Sc. Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria.

37:  Onibi, G.E., O.R. Folorunso and C. Elumelu, 2008. Assessment of partial equi-protein replacement of soyabean meal with cassava and leucaena leaf meals in the diets of broiler chicken finishers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 7: 408-413.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

38:  Osei, S.A., R.S. Opoku and C.C. Atuahene, 1990. Gliricidia leaf meal as an ingredient in layers diets. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 29: 303-308.
Direct Link  |  

39:  Pousga, S., H. Boly, J.E. Lindberg and B. Ogle, 2006. Effect of supplementation on the feed intake and performance of confined and scavenging crossbred growing chickens in Burkina Faso. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 38: 323-331.
PubMed  |  

40:  Pousga, S., H. Boly, J.E. Lindberg and B. Ogle, 2005. Scavenging pullets in Burkina Faso: Effect of season, location and breed on feed and nutrient intake. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 37: 623-634.
PubMed  |  

41:  Hien, T.Q. and N.D. Hung, 1998. The effect of Leucaena leaf meal on egg quality and growth of broiler chickens. Proceedings of the Workshop on Leuceana-Adaptation, Quality and Farming System, February 9-14, 1998, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp: 296-297.

42:  Rashid, M.M., M.N. Islam, B.C. Roy, K. Jakobsen and C. Lauridsen, 2005. Nutrient concentrations of crop and gizzard contents of indigenous scavenging chickens under rural conditions of Bangladesh. Livest. Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 17.

43:  Rashid, M.M., M.N. Islam, B.C. Roy, K. Jakobsen and C. Lauridsen, 2004. Effect of dietary supplementation of energy and protein on production performance and egg quality of scavenging crossbred hens in rural areas under tropical conditions. Livestock Res. Rural Dev., Vol. 16,

44:  Ravindran, V., E.T. Kornegay, A.S.B. Rajaguru, L.M. Potter and J.A. Cherry, 1986. Cassava leaf meal as a replacement for coconut oil meal on broiler diets. Poult. Sci., 65: 1720-1727.
Direct Link  |  

45:  Ravindran, V., E.T. Kornegay and J.A. Cherry, 1983. Feeding values of cassava tuber and leaf meals. Nutr. Rep. Int., 28: 189-196.

46:  Sarwatt, S.V., S.S. Kapange and A.M.V. Kakengi, 2002. Substituting sunflower seed cake with Moringa oleifera leaves as supplemental goat feed in Tanzania. Agro-For. Syst., 56: 241-247.
Direct Link  |  

47:  Sonaiya, E.B. and S.E.J. Swan, 2004. Production en Aviculture Familiale-Un Manuel Technique. FAO, Rome, Italy, Pages: 134.

48:  Soliva, C.R., M. Kreuzer, N. Foidl, G. Foidl, A. Machmuller and H.D. Hess, 2005. Feeding value of whole and extracted Moringa oleifera leaves for ruminants and their effects on ruminal fermentation in vitro. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 118: 47-62.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

49:  Suliman, H.B., A.M. Shommein and S.A. Shaddad, 1987. The pathological and biochemical effects of feeding fermented leaves of Cassia obtusifolia Kawal to broiler chicks. Avian Pathol., 16: 43-49.
PubMed  |  

50:  Surai, P.F., B.K. Speake and N.H.C. Sparks, 2001. Carotenoids in avian nutrition and embryonic development. 1. Absorption, availability and levels in plasma and egg yolk. J. Poult. Sci., 38: 1-27.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

51:  Talpin, D.E., J.P.F. D'Mello and P. Phillips, 1981. Evaluation of leucaena leaf meal from Malawi as a source of xanthophylls for the laying hen. Trop. Sci., 23: 217-226.

52:  Tangendjaja, B., J.B. Lowry and R.B.H. Wills, 1984. Optimisation of conditions for the degradation of mimosine in leucaena leaf. J. Sci. Food Agric., 35: 613-616.
CrossRef  |  

53:  Wee, K.L. and S. Wang, 1987. Effect of post-harvest treatment on the degradation of mimosine in Leucaena leucocephala leaves. J. Sci. Food Agric., 39: 195-201.
CrossRef  |  

54:  Hien, T.Q. and N.T. Inh, 1998. The effect of supplementing the diet of broiler chickens with Leucaena leaf meal and FeSO4. Proceedings of the Workshop on Leuceana-Adaptation, Quality and Farming System, February 9-14, 1998, Hanoi, Vietnam, pp: 298-299.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved