Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Supplementation Levels of Palm Oil in Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Culture Fermented Cassava Pulp on Rumen Fermentation and Average Daily Gain in Crossbred Native Cattle



Sarunyu Chuelong, Theerawat Siriuthane, Kitsada Polsit, Sommas Ittharat, Uthai Koatdoke, Anusorn Cherdthong and Sittisak Khampa
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Nine, two-years old of crossbred native cattle were used to examine the effects of supplementation levels of palm oil in yeast culture fermented cassava pulp on rumen fermentation and average daily gain. The cows were randomly allocated in a complete randomized design and three replicates (animals) per treatment. The first group (control) was fed on a yeast fermented cassava pulp without palm oil (YFCP0), The second group was fed yeast fermented cassava pulp + palm oil at 1% (YFCP1)and third groups was fed yeast fermented cassava pulp + palm oil at 2% (YFCP2), respectively. The cows were offered the treatment diets at 2%BW and rice straw was fed ad libitum. The results have revealed that supplementation of dietary treatment on feed intake, ruminal pH, ammonia-nitrogen and blood urea nitrogen concentration were non-significantly different, while Average Daily Gain (ADG) and cost production were significantly different and had highest in cattle receiving YFCP2 than those fed YFCP1, YFCP0 diets (633.1, 614.5 and 511.1 g/day of ADG and 0.92, 0.81, 0.73 US$/kgBW of cost production, respectively). The populations of bacteria and fungal zoospores were significantly different as affected by levels of palm oil supplementation. Especially, supplementation of YFCP2 in cattle had highest increase populations of bacteria and fungi zoospore than those fed YFCP1 and YFCP0 but decreased protozoal populations. Therefore, supplementation levels of palm oil at 2% in Yeast Culture Fermented Cassava Pulp (YFCP1) as supplement diets with rice straw as roughage source could highest improved ruminal fermentation efficiency, average daily gain including increase populations of bacteria and fungi zoospores, but decreased protozoal populations in rumen of crossbred native cattle.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Sarunyu Chuelong, Theerawat Siriuthane, Kitsada Polsit, Sommas Ittharat, Uthai Koatdoke, Anusorn Cherdthong and Sittisak Khampa, 2011. Supplementation Levels of Palm Oil in Yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) Culture Fermented Cassava Pulp on Rumen Fermentation and Average Daily Gain in Crossbred Native Cattle. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 1115-1120.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2011.1115.1120

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2011.1115.1120

REFERENCES
1:  Antai, S.P. and P.M. Mbongo, 1994. Utilization of cassava peels as substrate for crude protein formation. Plant Foods Human Nutr., 46: 345-351.
CrossRef  |  

2:  Boonnop, K., M. Wanapat, N. Ngamnit and S. Wanapat, 2008. Enriching nutritive value of cassava root by yeast fermentation. Proceedings of the 10th Graduate School Congress, January 17-21, 2008, Graduate School Khon Kaen University, Thailand, pp: 97-102.

3:  Brossard, L., F. Chaucheyras-Dur, B. Michalet-Doreau and C. Martin, 2006. Dose effect of live yeasts on rumen microbial communities and fermentations during butyric latent acidosis in sheep new type of interaction. Anim. Sci., 82: 829-836.
CrossRef  |  

4:  Callaway, T.R. and S.A. Martin, 1996. Effects of organic acid and monensin treatment on in vitro mixed ruminal microorganism fermentation of cracked corn. J. Anim. Sci., 74: 1982-1989.
PubMed  |  

5:  Chaucheyras-Durand, F., N.D. Walker and A. Bach, 2008. Effects of active dry yeasts on the rumen microbial ecosystem: Past, present and future. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 145: 5-26.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Crocker, C.L., 1967. Rapid determination of urea nitrogen in serum or plasma without deproteinization. Am. J. Med. Technol., 33: 361-365.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Dawson, K.A., K.E. Newman and J.A. Boling, 1990. Effect of microbial supplements containing yeast and Lactobacilli on roughage-fed ruminal microbial activities. J. Anim. Sci., 68: 3392-3398.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Galyean, M., 1989. Laboratory Procedure in Animal Nutrition Research. 1st Edn., Department of Animal and Life Science, New Mexico States University, USA., pp: 162-167.

9:  Guedes, C.M., D. Goncalves, M.A.M. Rodrigues and A. Dias-da-Silva, 2007. Effects of a Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast on ruminal fermentation and fibre degradation of maize silages in cows. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol., 145: 27-40.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Jouaney, J.P. and K. Ushida, 1999. The role of protozoa in feed digestion. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 12: 113-129.

11:  Khampa, S., S. Chuelong, S. Kosonkittiumporn and P. Khejornsart, 2010. Manipulation of yeast fermented cassava chip supplementation in dairy heifer raised under tropical condition. Pak. J. Nutr., 9: 950-954.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

12:  Kosugi, A., A. Kondo, M. Ueda, Y. Murata and P. Vaithanomsat et al., 2009. Production of ethanol from cassava pulp via fermentation with a surface-engineered yeast strain displaying glucoamylase. Renewable Energy, 34: 1354-1358.
CrossRef  |  

13:  Krebs, G. and R.A. Leng, 1984. The effect of supplementation with molasses/urea blocks on ruminal digestion. Proc. Aust. Prod., 15: 704-711.
Direct Link  |  

14:  Leng, R.A., 1990. Forage utilisation by ruminants. Nutr. Res. Rev., 3: 277-303.

15:  Miller-Webster, T., W.H. Hoover, M. Holt and J.E. Nocek, 2002. Influence of yeast culture on ruminal microbial metabolism in continuous culture. J. Dairy Sci., 85: 2009-2014.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

16:  Nguyen, T.H.N., N.T. Ngu, N. Thiet, T.R. Preston and R.A. Leng, 2005. Determination of the optimum level of a soybean oil drench with respect to the rumen ecosystem, feed intake and digestibility in cattle. Proceedings of the 2005 MEKARN-CTU Workshop Seminar, May 23-25, 2005, Cantho, Vietnam -.

17:  Oboh, G., 2006. Nutrient enrichment of cassava peels using a mixed culture of Saccharomyces cerevisae and Lactobacillus sp. solid media fermentation techniques. Electron. J. Biotechnol., 9: 46-49.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  Preston, R.L., D.D. Schnakanberg and W.H. Pfander, 1965. Protein utilization in ruminants: I. Blood urea nitrogen as affected by protein intake. J. Nutr., 86: 281-288.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Queiroz, R.C., A.F. Bergamaschine, J.F.P. Bastos, P.C. Santos and G.C. Lemos, 2004. Uso de produto a base de enzima e levedura na dieta de bovines: Digestibilidade dos nutrients e desempenho em confinamento. Review Brasil Zootechnol., 33: 1548-1556.

20:  Robinson, P.H., 1997. Effect of yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) on adaptation of cows to diets postpartum. J. Dairy Sci., 80: 1119-1125.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Rouzbehan, Y., H. Galbraith, J.A. Rooke and J.G. Perrott, 1994. A note on the effects of dietary inclusion of a yeast culture on growth and ruminal metabolism of lambs given diets containing unground pelleted molassed dried sugar-beet pulp and barley in various proportions. Anim. Prod., 59: 147-150.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Satter, L.D. and L.L. Slyter, 1974. Effect of ammonia concentration on rumen microbial protein production in vitro. Br. J. Nutr., 32: 199-208.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Procedure of Statistics. McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, pp: 232-249.

24:  Van Soest, P.J., J.B. Robertson and B.A. Lewis, 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. J. Dairy Sci., 74: 3583-3597.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

25:  Wanapat, M., 2000. Rumen manipulation to increase the efficient use of local feed resources and productivity of ruminants in the tropics. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 13: 59-67.
Direct Link  |  

26:  Wanapat, M. and O. Pimpa, 1999. Effect of ruminal NH3-N levels on ruminal fermentation, purine derivatives, digestibility and rice straw intake in swamp buffaloes. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 12: 904-907.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

27:  Williams, P.E.V. and C.J. Newbold, 1990. Rumen Probiosis: The Effects of Novel Microorganisms on Rumen Fermentation and Ruminant Productivity. In: Recent Advances in Animal Nutrition, Haresign, W. and D.J.A. Cole (Eds.). Buttenvorths, London, pp: 211.

28:  Williams, P.E., C.A. Tait, G.M. Innes and C.J. Newbold, 1991. Effects of the inclusion of yeast culture (Saccharomyces cerevisiae plus growth medium) in the diet of dairy cows on milk yield and forage degradation and fermentation patterns in the rumen of steers. J. Anim. Sci., 69: 3016-3026.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

29:  Hoover, W.H., 1986. Chemical factors involved in ruminal fiber digestion. J. Dairy Sci., 69: 2755-2766.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

30:  AOAC, 1985. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edn., Association of Official Analysis Chemists, Virginia, USA.

31:  SAS, 1998. PC SAS User's Guide: Statistics. SAS Inst., Cary. NC, USA.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved