Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

The Performance of Broiler Birds Fed Varying Levels of Roasted Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) Seed Meal



A.O. Ani and G.C. Okeke
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Two experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of roasted Pigeonpea Seed Meal (PSM) on growth performance of broiler birds. Two hundred and forty day-old commercial unsexed broiler chicks (Anak strain) were used in experiment 1, while 168 four-week old broiler birds from experiment 1 were used in experiment 2. Birds in experiments 1 and 2 were divided into 6 groups. Experiment 1 birds were randomly assigned to six isoenergetic and isonitrogenous broiler starter diets containing 0, 6.5, 13.0, 19.5, 26.0 and 32.5% roasted PSM. Experiment 2 birds were also randomly assigned to 6 isoenergetic and isonitrogenous broiler finisher diets containing 0, 5.5, 10.5, 16.0, 21.5 and 27.0% roasted PSM. Parameters considered were weight gain, feed intake, feed conversion ratio, protein efficiency ratio, dressed carcass weight and carcass dressing percent. Results (Experiment 1) showed that there were significant differences (p<0.05) among treatments in average daily weight gain, average daily feed intake and feed conversion ratio. Feed intake, weight gain and efficiency of feed utilization declined at the 32.5% level of roasted PSM inclusion. However, there were no significant differences (p>0.05) among treatments in all the parameters considered in experiment 2. The results showed conclusively that roasted PSM can be included in broiler starter and finisher diets at 26% and 27% levels, respectively without any adverse effect on broiler birds.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

A.O. Ani and G.C. Okeke, 2011. The Performance of Broiler Birds Fed Varying Levels of Roasted Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) Seed Meal. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10: 1036-1040.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2011.1036.1040

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjn.2011.1036.1040

REFERENCES
1:  Adeparasi, E.O., 1994. Evaluation of the nutritive potential of cooked pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) meal as a plant protein source for Clarias gariepinus finger lings. J. Agric. Technol., 2: 48-57.

2:  Amaefule, K.U. and F.C. Obioha, 1998. The substitution of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) seed for groundnut cake and maize in broiler finisher ration. Nig. J. Anim. Prod., 25: 9-12.

3:  Amaefule, K.U. and O.C. Onwudike, 2000. Comparative evaluation of the processing methods of pigeon pea seeds (Cajanus cajan) as protein source for broilers. J. Sustainable Agric. Environ., 1: 134-136.

4:  Amaefule, K.U. and C.C. Nwaokoro, 2002. The effect of graded levels of raw pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal on the performance of weaner rabbits. Proceedings of the 27th Annual Conferenece Nigerian Socity for Animal Production (NSAP), March 17-21, 2002, Fed Univ. of Tech., Akure, Nigeria, pp: 113-115.

5:  Amaefule, K.U., C.C. Nwaokwo and F.C. Ihenkwumere, 2004. The effect of feeding graded levels of raw pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal on performance, nutrient retention and carcass characteristics of weaned rabbits. Nig. J. Anim. Prod., 31: 194-199.

6:  Ani, A.O. and G.C. Okeke, 2002. The feeding value of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal to broiler starter chicks. Proceedings of 7th Annual Conference of Animal Association Nigeria, September 16-19, 2002, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta -.

7:  AOAC., 1990. Official Methods of Analysis Association of Official Analytical Chemists. 15th Edn., AOAC., Washington, DC., USA.

8:  Church, D.C. and W.G. Pond, 1982. Basic Animal Nutrition and Feeding. 2nd Edn., John Willey and Sons, New York, ISBN: 0471215392, Pages: 472.

9:  Duncan, D.B., 1955. Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11: 1-42.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Enwere, N.J., 1998. Foods of Plant Origin. 1st Edn., Afro-Obis Publ. Ltd., Nsukka, Nigeria, pages: 301.

11:  Etuk, E.B., A.B.I. Udedibie and H.O. Obikaonu, 2002. Replacement value of cooked pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) seed meal for soybean meal and maize in broiler finisher diet. Proceedings of 7th Annual Conference of Animal Association Nigeria, September 16th-19th, 2002, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta -.

12:  Faris, D.G. and U. Singh, 1990. Pigeonpea: Nutritive and Products. In: The Pigeonpea, Nene, Y.L., S.D. Hall and V.K. Sheila (Eds.). CAB International, India, pp: 401.

13:  Fetuga, B.L., G.M. Babatunde and V.A. Oyenuga, 1973. Protein quality of some Nigerian feedstuffs. 1. Chemical assay of nutrients and amino acid composition. J. Sci. Food Agric., 24: 1505-1514.
CrossRef  |  

14:  Grimaud, P., 1988. The pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan): A possible alternative for traditional pig and poultry farming in New Caledonia. Revue-d'Elevage-et-Medecine-Veterinaire-de-N Ouvelle Caledonie, 11: 29-36.

15:  Jambunathan, R. and U. Singh, 1980. Grain quality of pigeonpea. Patancheru, 1: 351-356.

16:  Matanmi Opes, K., 1980. Evaluation of heated soyabean meal using cresol red technique. Nig. J. Amin. Prod., 7: 87-92.

17:  Nene, Y.L., D.S. Hall and V.K. Sheila, 1990. The Pigeonpea. CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK., pp: 1-13.

18:  Obioha, F.C., 1992. A Guide to Poultry Production in the Tropics. Acena Publishers, Nigeria.

19:  Okoye, F.C., F.C. Obioha and G.C. Okeke, 1997. Substitution of dried brewer's yeast for fish meal in the diet of broiler chicks. J. Agric. Tech., 5: 34-40.

20:  Plavnika, I., S. Bornsteina and S. Hurwitza, 2008. Evaluation of methanol‐grown bacteria and hydrocarbon‐grown yeast as sources of protein for poultry: Studies with young chicks. Br. Poult. Sci., 13: 207-272.
CrossRef  |  

21:  Salunkhe, D.K., S.S. Kadam and J.K. Chavan, 1985. Post Harvest Biotechnology of Food Legumes. CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton, Florida, USA.

22:  Singh, U., 1988. Antinutritional factors of chickpea and pigeonpea and their removal by processing. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr., 38: 251-256.
CrossRef  |  

23:  Singh, U., 1993. Protein quality of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L). Mill spp.) as influenced by seed polyphenols and cooking process. Plant Foods Human Nutr., 43: 171-179.
PubMed  |  

24:  Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochran, 1980. Statistical Methods. 7th Edn., Iowa State University Press, Iowa, USA., ISBN-10: 0813815606, Pages: 507.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved