Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Trace Elements and Major Minerals Evaluation of Spondias mombin, Vernonia amygdalina and Momordica charantia Leaves

P.B. Ayoola, A. Adeyeye and O.O. Onawumi
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Samples of the plants were collected in Oyo state at Igbo-agbonin in the Ogbomoso North Local Government Area, Sabo road, Ogbomoso and were analyzed for the presence of trace elements such as; Fe, Zn, Mn, Cr, Cu, Cd, and Pb using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry. The results showed that trace element concentrations in Spondias mombin (Hog plum) were as follow: Fe, 574.00mg/kg, Zn, 59.60mg/kg, Mn, 23.00mg/kg, Cr, 66.00mg/kg Cu, 13.00mg/kg, Cd 50.00mg/kg. The mineral composition results showed that the leaves contained K 1.20%, Ca 1.05% and P, 0.32% Na 1.80%. Results of trace elements concentration in Vernonia amygdalina leaves were as follow: Fe, 277.30mg/kg, Zn, 74.50 mg/kg, Mn, 227.00mg/kg, Cr, 89.00mg/kg Cu, 11.00mg/kg and Cd, 4.30mg/kg. The mineral analysis revealed in the plant leaves, K 0.51%, Na 0.57%, Ca 0.45%, P 0.23%. Result of trace elements concentration in Momordica charantia were as follow: Fe, 8.125mg/kg, Zn, 354.8mg/kg, Mn, 37.00mg/kg, Cr, 162.00mg/kg, Cu, 21.00mg/kg, Cd, 51.40mg/kg and Pb 48.00mg/kg. the mineral analysis revealed in the plant, K 0.81%, Na 0.93%, Ca 0.90%, P 0.81%. The results obtained from the study show that the three plants are medicinal, Spondias mombin and Vernonia amygdalina are good antianaemic and antidiabetics agents, because of the high contents of Iron and chromium present in them.

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

P.B. Ayoola, A. Adeyeye and O.O. Onawumi, 2010. Trace Elements and Major Minerals Evaluation of Spondias mombin, Vernonia amygdalina and Momordica charantia Leaves. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9: 755-758.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2010.755.758



1:  Sofowora, A., 1986. The State of Medicinal Plants Research in Nigeria. Ibadan University Press, Nigeria

2:  AOAC., 1980. Official Methods of Analysis. 13th Edn., Association Official Analytical Chemistry, Washington, DC., USA

3:  Barreau, C. and P. Salomon, 1979. Manual of Natural Living: How to Stay Well the Natural Way. 1st Edn., Thorsons, UK., ISBN: 0722505329

4:  Hoffmann, D., 1983. The New Holistic Herbal. 3rd Edn., Findhorn Press, USA

5:  Kafaru, E., 1994. Immense Help from Nature's Workshop. 1st Edn., Elikaf Health Services Ltd., Benin City, Nigeria

6:  Gbile, Z.O., 1984. Verncular Names of Nigerian Plants, Yoruba. Forestry Research Institution of Nigeria, Ibadan, Nigeria

7:  Gbolahan, D., 2001. Lesson note on medical importance of trace elements. Centre for Natural Health Studies.

8:  Hamowia, A.M. and A.M. Saffaf, 1994. Pharmacological studies on Vernonia amygdalina (Del) and tithonia diversifolia (Gray). Vet. Med. J., 2: 91-97.
Direct Link  |  

9:  Kramer, A., E. Mosquera, J. Riuz and E. Rodriguez, 2002. Ethanobotany and biological activity of plants utilized during pregnancy and childbirth in the Peruvian Amazon. Emanation, 4: 31-35.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Njoku, P.C. and M.I. Akumefula, 2007. Phytochemical and nutrient evaluation of Spondias mombin leaves. Pak. J. Nutr., 6: 613-615.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Ogunrinola, O.O., J.E. Odulate and B.O. Elemo, 2004. Proximate analysis and pharmacognostical investigation of some medicinal plants: Naudea latifolia, Morinda lucida, Alstonea congensis and Anchornea cordifolia. Niger. J. Res. Rev. Sci., 3: 190-193.

12:  Okwu, D.E., 2001. Evaluation of chemical composition of indigenous spices and flavouring agents. Global J. Pure Applied Sci., 7: 455-459.

13:  Okwu, D.E. and M.E. Okwu, 2004. Chemical composition of spondia mombin plants. J. Sustain Agric. Environ., 6: 140-147.

14:  Okwu, D.E. and O. Ekeke, 2003. Phytochemical screening and mineral composition of chewing sticks in South Eastern Nigeria. Global J. Pure Appl. Sci., 9: 235-238.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Brather, P. and P. Schramel, 1980. Trace elements analytical chemistry in medicine and biology. Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop Neuherberg, April 1980, Federal Republic of Germany, pp: 678-678

16:  Schultes, R.E. and R.F. Raffauf, 1990. The Healing Forest: Medicinal and Toxic Plants of the Northwest Amazonia. 1st Edn., Dioscorides Press, Oregon, pp: 164-166

17:  Urquiaga, I. and F. Leighton, 2000. Plant polyphenol antioxidants and oxidative stress. Biol. Res., 33: 55-64.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Adeniyi, A.A., 1996. Determination of cadmium, copper, iron, lead, manganese and zinc in water leaf (Talinum triangulare) in dumpsites. Environ. Int., 22: 259-262.
CrossRef  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved