Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Potential Techniques of Interactive Packaging in Cardboard Carton and Their Effect on Overall Quality Characteristics Such as Sugars, Colour, Texture, Taste and Flavour of Chaunsa White Variety of Mango at Ambient Temperature During Storage

Habib Ahmed Rathore, Tariq Masud, Ahmad Raza and Muhammad Rizwan
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Potential techniques of Interactive Packaging in Cardboard Carton (IPCC) had significant effect (p<0.05) effect on overall quality characteristics such as Reducing Sugar (RS), Total Inert Sugar (TIS), Sucrose (SUC), Total Sugar (TS), Sugar Acid Ratio (SAR), Skin Colour (SKC), Flesh Colour (FLC), Texture (TEX), Taste (TAS) and Flavour (FLA) of Chaunsa white variety of Mango at ambient temperature (28-33oC and 56.7-69.7% relative humidity) during storage. It was determined that using of potential techniques of coating emulsions having fungicide, ethylene absorbent and anti-ripening agent for (IPCC) technology showed higher contents of RS ranged from (10.14-11.58%), lower TIS (20.05-24.58%, except carton having 29.58%), SUC (9.19-18.34%), TS (19.57-22.53%) and SAR (22.63-86.27) with an average mean of 10.73%, 24.12%, 13.68%, 24.75% and 46.10 respectively. Whereas, the higher scores of organoleptic characteristics such as SKC score ranged from (4.09-5.01), FLC (4.01-5.02), TEX (4.48-5.27), TAS (3.81-5.20) and FLA (4.05-4.69) with an average mean of 4.53, 4.47, 5.03, 4.48 and 4.38 score respectively was observed in IPCC system up to end of storage. On the other hand the control sample (T1) comparatively had lower RS (9.66%), higher TIS (28.51%) except carton with highest percent (29.58%), highest SUC (19.83%), TS (29.38%), SAR (103.6), SKC score (5.82), FLC (4.55), TEX (4.98), TAS (4.67) and FLA score (4.81) respectively at earlier stage of storage. The present studies show that IPCC system having with other protective chemicals had a vital role in delaying the ripening process of mango fruit and extended storage life up to 25 days with minimum quality loss as compared to Control sample due to its unattractive skin, brown pulp color and poor taste was unacceptable after 12 days of their storage and had greater compositional changes with maximum quality loss during storage.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Habib Ahmed Rathore, Tariq Masud, Ahmad Raza and Muhammad Rizwan, 2010. Potential Techniques of Interactive Packaging in Cardboard Carton and Their Effect on Overall Quality Characteristics Such as Sugars, Colour, Texture, Taste and Flavour of Chaunsa White Variety of Mango at Ambient Temperature During Storage. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 9: 343-351.

DOI: 10.3923/pjn.2010.343.351


1:  AOAC, 1990. Association of Analytical Chemists. 15th Edn., AOAC, Arlington, Virginia, 22201, USA.

2:  Baldwin, E.A., J.K. Burns, W. Kazokas, J.K. Brecht, R.D. Hagenmaier, R.J. Bender and E. Pesis, 1999. Effect of two edible coatings with different permeability characteristics on mango (Mangifera indica L.) ripening during storage. Postharvest Biol. Technol., 17: 215-226.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

3:  Carrillo, L.A., F. Ramirez-Bustamante, J.B. Valdez-Torres, R. Rojas-Villegas and E.M. Yahia, 2000. Ripening and quality changes in mango fruit as affected by coating with an edible film. J. Food Qual., 23: 479-486.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Clarke, R., C.P. Moor and J.R. Gorny, 1997. The future in film technology, a tunable packaging system for fresh produce. Proceedings of the 7th International Controlled Atmosphere Research Conference, (ICARC`97), California, USA., pp: 68-75.

5:  Doreyappy-Gowda, I.N.D. and A.G. Huddar, 2001. Studies on ripening changes in mango (Mangifera indica L.) fruits. J. Food Sci. Technol. Mysore, 38: 135-137.

6:  Hayat, I., T. Masud and H.A. Rathore, 2005. Effect of coating and wrapping materials on the shelf life of apple (Malus domestica cv. Borkh). Int. J. Food Safety, 5: 24-34.
Direct Link  |  

7:  John, P.J., 2008. A Handbook on Post Harvest Management of Fruits and Vegetables. Daya Publishing House Delhi-110035, Delhi, pp: 85-103.

8:  Kays, S.J., 1991. Post Harvest Physiology of Perishable Plant Products. VNR Co., AVI Publishing Co., New York, pp: 149-316.

9:  Kittur, F.S., N. Saroja, Habibunnisa and R.N. Tharanathan, 2001. Polysaccharide-based composite coating formulations for shelf-life extension of fresh banana and mango. Eur. Food Res. Technol., 213: 306-311.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

10:  Koolpluksee, M., S. Ketsa and S. Subhadrabandhu, 1993. Effect of modified atmospheres on quality and chilling injury of Nam Dok Mai mango fruits. Kasetsart J. Natural Sci., 27: 115-124.

11:  Kudachikar, V.B., S.G. Kulkarni, M.N.L.K. Prakash, M.S. Vasantha, B.A. Prasad and K.V.R. Ramana, 2001. Physico-chemical changes during maturity of mango (Mangifera indica L.) variety Neelum. Food Sci. Technol. Mysore, 38: 540-542.

12:  Ladaniya, M.S. and R.K. Sonkar, 1997. Effect of curing, wax application and packing on quality of stored Nagpur mandarins. Indian Agric. Sci., 67: 500-503.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Larmond, E., 1977. Laboratory Methods for Sensory Evaluation of Foods. 1st Edn., Department of Agriculture Publication, Otawa, Canada, ISBN-13: 978-0662012719, Pages: 73.

14:  Malik, A.U., Z. Singh and S.S. Dhaliwal, 2003. Exogenous application of putrescine affects mango fruit quality and shelf life. Acta Hortic., 628: 121-127.
Direct Link  |  

15:  Mortuza, M.G. and M.M.A. Reza, 2001. Control of postharvest anthracnose and stem-end rot of mango fruits by hot water treatment. Bangladesh J. Agric. Res., 26: 543-548.

16:  Manzano, J.E., Y. Perez and E. Rojas, 1997. Coating waxes on haden mango fruits (Mangifera indica L.) cultivar for export. Acta Hortic., 455: 738-746.

17:  Nair, R., Z. Singh and S.C. Tan, 2001. Heat treatments affect development chilling injury, respiration, ethylene production and fruit quality of mango. Acta Hortic., 553: 549-550.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Opara, L.U., H.X. Nguyen and Levanto, 2000. Postharvest technology for Vietnamese Buoi mango. Quality assurance in agricultureal produce. ACIAR Proc., 100: 633-638.

19:  Raje, L., S. Sherlekar, K. Ramakrishnan, V.C. Malshe and G. Subbulakshmi, 1997. Post harvest preservation of mangoes by controlled chemical release agents and adsorbent. Acta Hortic., 455: 622-628.

20:  Rana, G.S., S. Kartar and K. Singh, 1992. Storage life of sweet orange fruits as influenced by fungicides, oil emulsions and packages practices. Crop Res., 5: 150-153.

21:  Rathore, H.A., T. Masud, S. Sammi and E.H. Soomro, 2009. Effect of pre-treatments and polyethylene packaging on overall chemical constituents such as sugars and organoleptic parameters like colour, texture, taste and flavour of chaunsa white variety of mango during storage. Pak. J. Nutr., 8: 1292-1300.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Rodov, V., S. Fishman, R.D. Asuncion, J. Peretz and S.B. Yehoshua, 1997. Modified atmosphere packaging (map) of tommy atkins mango in perforated film. Acta Hortic., 455: 654-661.

23:  Rosa, B., D. Aharoni, O. Feygenberg, N. Aharoni, A. Keynannd and E. Pesis, 2001. Effect of modified atmosphere packaging on mango ripening. Acta Hortic., 553: 607-610.

24:  Sarkar, H.N., A.M. Hasan and P.K. Chattopadhyay, 1997. Influence on polyethylene packing on the post harvest storage behaviour of banana fruit. J. Hort., 10: 31-39.

25:  Singh, B.P., S.K. Kalra and D.K. Tandon, 1989. Effect of size grading on the storage of mangoes. In. J. Hort., 46: 154-160.

26:  Srinivasa, P.C., N.S. Susheelamma, R. Ravi and R.N. Tharanathan, 2004. Quality of mango fruits during storage: effect of synthetic and eco-friendly films. J. Sci. Food Agric., 84: 818-824.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

27:  Srinivasa, P., R. Baskaran, M. Ramesh, K.H. Prashanth and R. Tharanathan, 2002. Storage studies of mango packed using biodegradable chitosan film. Eur. Food Res. Technol., 215: 504-508.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

28:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, pp: 134-145.

29:  Tharanathan, R.N., H.M. Yashoda and T.N. Prabha, 2006. Mango (Mangifera indica L.) the king of fruits-An overview. Food Rev. Int., 22: 95-123.

30:  Wills, R.B., T.H. Lee, D. Graham, W.B. Glasson and E.G. Hall, 1982. Postharvest: An Introduction to the Physiology and Handling of Fruits and Vegetables. AVI Publishing Co., Westport, pp: 34-35.

31:  Yantarasri, T., J. Uthaibutra, J. Sornsrivichai, W. Kumpuan, V. Sardsud and N. Kana-Thum, 1994. Modified atmosphere packing by perforated polymeric film and its effect on physical properties of mango fruit. ACIAR Proc., 50: 438-440.
Direct Link  |  

32:  Zambrano, J. and J. Manzano, 1995. Effect of postharvest calcium application on mango ripening and storage. Fruits, 50: 145-152.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved