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Research Article
 

Evaluation of Improved Wheat Varieties under Different Management Practices in Eastern Wallaga Highlands, Ethiopia



Tolera Abera , Girma W. Tsadik , Daba Feyissa , Hassan Yusuf and Gemechu Keneni
 
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ABSTRACT

Crop Management practices enhance wheat yields to be maintained at fairly high levels. Considering this in view a trial was conducted from 1997-1999 cropping season at two locations. Four wheat varieties and one local were used in factorial combination with two management levels (research and farmers`). Different wheat varieties showed significant yielding potential across two locations. Improved and local varieties performed better under research management practices. Higher grain yield of wheat was observed from improved management practices compared to farmers` practices. Improved management practices gave higher marginal rate of return 57.51% of wheat. Local variety with farmers` management practices gave higher mean grain yield. Improved management practices gave yield advantage of 17.45, 0.8 and 7.25% at Shambo, Arjo and combined over location compared to farmers` production practices. The use of improved varieties with research management practices is essential to maximize wheat grain yield. Maximum grain yield and higher net return were realized from improved packages for wheat production. HAR-1685 variety gave better yield with research management practices and recommended for both locations. More importantly, the use of improved management techniques targeted at increasing yield of wheat allowed wheat producers to greatly increasing economic returns. Thus, extension agents should consider this recommendation for wheat production in Shambo and Arjo areas.

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  How to cite this article:

Tolera Abera , Girma W. Tsadik , Daba Feyissa , Hassan Yusuf and Gemechu Keneni , 2005. Evaluation of Improved Wheat Varieties under Different Management Practices in Eastern Wallaga Highlands, Ethiopia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8: 849-854.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2005.849.854

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2005.849.854

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