Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Heavy Metal Cadmium and its Implication on the Developmental Stages and Abnormalities in Freshwater Snail Lymnaea auricularia (Lymnaeidae: Gastropoda) from Al-Hasa, the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia



Mohammad A.M. Wadaan
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The aim of the study was to characterize the abnormalities of the embryos of Lymnaea auricularia as a result of exposure to cadmium and to assess the suitability of the snail as a bio-indicator of cadmium pollution in Al-Hasa Oasis. The experiment was conducted in December 2004 for fifteen days at the laboratory conditions. The eggs were treated with different concentrations of cadmium (1.0-5.0 ppm) and the development and abnormalities of the embryos were observed. It was noticed that 2.0-5.0 ppm of cadmium concentration greatly affected the development of the growing embryos.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Mohammad A.M. Wadaan , 2005. Heavy Metal Cadmium and its Implication on the Developmental Stages and Abnormalities in Freshwater Snail Lymnaea auricularia (Lymnaeidae: Gastropoda) from Al-Hasa, the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8: 785-789.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2005.785.789

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2005.785.789

REFERENCES
1:  Al-Akel, A.S., M.J.K. Shamsi, H.F. Al-Kahem, M.A. Chaudhary and Z. Ahmad, 1988. Effect of cadmium on the cichlid fish, Oreochromis niloticus: Behavioral and physiological responses. J. Univ. Kuwait (Sci.), 15: 341-345.

2:  Bellas, J., E. Vazquez and R. Beiras, 2001. Toxcicity of Hg, Cu and Cr on early developmental stages of Ciona intestinalis (Chordata, Ascidiacea) with potential application in marine water quality assessment. Water Res., 35: 2905-2912.

3:  Stebbing, A.R.D., B. Akesson, A. Calabrese, J.H. Gentile, A. Jensen and R. Lloyd, 1980. The role of bioassays in marine pollution monitoring. Bioassay Panel Rep. Rapp, P-V Reuni. Cons. Int. Explor. Mar., 179: 322-332.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Wu, R.S.S., P.K.S. Lam and B. Zhou, 1997. A settlement inhibition assay with cyprid larvae of the barnacle Balanus amphitrite. Chemosphere, 35: 1867-1874.

5:  His, E., R. Beiras and M.N.L. Seeman, 1999. The assessment of marine pollution-bioassays with bivalve embryos and larvae. Adv. Mar. Biol., 37: 1-178.
CrossRef  |  

6:  Ringwood, A.H., 1992. Comparative sensitivity of gametes and early developmental stages of a sea-urchin (Echinometra mathaei) and a bivalve species (Isognomon californium) during metal exposure. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 22: 288-295.

7:  Khan, R.A. and J. Thulin, 1991. Influence of pollution on parasites of aquatic animals. Adv. Parasitol., 30: 201-238.
PubMed  |  

8:  Morley, N.J., M. Crane and J.W. Lewis, 2003. Toxicity of cadmium and zinc to the cercarial activity of Diplostomum spathaceum (Trematoda: Diplostomidae). Folia Parasitol., 50: 57-60.

9:  Farrington, J.W., E.D. Goldberg, R.W. Risebrough, J.H. Martin and V.T. Bowen, 1983. US mussel watch 1976-78: An overview of the tracemetal, DDE, DCB hydrocarbons and artificial radionuclide data. Environ. Sci. Technol., 17: 490-496.

10:  Barsy and D. Telovejoj, 1999. Heavy metal concentrations in water, sediments and mollusc tissues. Acta Zool. Lituamica. Hydrobiol., 9: 12-20.

11:  Fichet, D., G. Radenac and P. Meramand, 1998. Experimental studies of impacts of harbour sediments resuspension to marine invertebrates larvae: Bioavailability of Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn toxicity. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 36: 509-518.

12:  Pavicic, J., B. Smodis, M. Skreblin, I. Kregar and P. Stegnar, 1994. Embryolarva tolerance of Mutilus gralloprovicialis, exposed to elevated seawater metal concentration-stage-specific fluctuations in sensitivity towards Zn and Cd and their bioaccumulation into veliger larvae. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 109: 37-46.

13:  Radenac, G., D. Fichet and P. Miramand, 2001. Bioaccumulation and toxicity of four dissolved metals in Paracentrotus lividus sea-urchin embryo. Mar. Environ. Res., 51: 151-166.

14:  Alloway, B.J., 1990. Heavy Metals in Soil. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

15:  Friberg, L., M. Piscator and G. Nordberg, 1971. Cadmium in the Environment. CRC Press, Cleveland Ohio.

16:  Shafi, S.A. and M.A. Qayyum, 1978. Effect of cadmium intoxication on tiss ue glycogen content in a freshwater cat-fish, Heteropneustes fossilis. Bloch. Zool. J. Anat. Board., 99: 129-132.

17:  Calabrese, A., R.S. Collier, D.N. Nelson and J.R. MacInnes, 1973. The toxicity of heavy metals to the embryos of the American Oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Mar. Biol., 18: 162-166.

18:  Beiras, R. and E. His, 1994. Effect of dissolved mercury on embryogenesis, survival, growth and metamorphosis of Crassostrea gigas oyster larvae. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 113: 95-103.

19:  Warnau, M., M. Iaccarino, A. de Biase, A. Temara, M. Jangoux, P. Dubois and G. Pagano, 1966. Spermiotoxicity and embryotoxicity of heavy metals in the Echinoid Paracentrotus lividus. Environ. Toxicol. Chem., 15: 1931-1936.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Ramachandran, S., T.R. Patel and M.H. Colbo, 1997. Effect of cadmium on three Malaysian tropical esturine invertebrate larvae. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety, 36: 183-188.

21:  Watzin, M.C. and P.R. Roscigno, 1997. The effects of zinc concentration on the recruitment and early survival of benthic invertebrates in an estuary. Mar. Pollut. Bull., 34: 443-455.

22:  Vlasova, G.A. and N.K. Khristoforova, 1982. The effect of cadmium on the early ontogenesis of the sea-urchin Strongylocentrotus intermedius. Sov. J. Mar. Biol., 8: 210-215.

23:  Cima, F., L. Ballarin, G. Bressa, G. Martinucci and P. Burighel, 1996. Toxicity of organotin compounds on embryos of a marine invertebrate (Styela plicata; Tunicata). Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety, 35: 174-182.

24:  Hoare, K., A.R. Beaumont and J. Davenport, 1995. Variation among population in the resistance of Mytilus edulis embryos to copper: Adaptation to pollution? Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 120: 155-161.

25:  Hoare, K., J. Davenport and A.R. Beaumont, 1995. Effects of exposure and previous exposure to copper on growth of valiger larvae and survivorship of Mytilus edulis juveniles. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., 120: 163-168.

26:  Suwiti, I.N., 2002. Effects of Zn on the development and abnormalities of the embryo of freshwater snails (Physa acuta) collected from wadi Hanifa Stream, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Indian J. Applied Pure Biol., 17: 57-62.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved