Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Evaluation of Seed, Oil Yields and Yield Properties of Different Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) Hybrid Varieties in Van, Turkey



Zehra Ekin , Murat Tuncturk and Ibrahim Yilmaz
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

This research was carried out to determine some important agronomical properties of sunflower varieties in Van (Eastern), a high latitude site, Turkey. During 2001-2002, some sunflower varieties (NSH-01, NSH-712, NSH-43, NSH-111, TR-6149 and 64A52) were sown as main crop in late May in 60 cm apart and thinned 15-20 day after emergence to a stand density of 55 000 plants/ha and given 120 and 100 kg ha-1 of N and P2O5, respectively under irrigated conditions. Data were tabulated on mean plant height, stem diameter, head diameter, seed number per head, 1000 seed weight, seed yield, oil content and oil yield for each cultivar in both years. It was showed that the all analyzed features were affected by cultivars and years. Averaged over years, seed yields ranged from 1.74 to 3.17 t ha-1 and oil yields ranged from 0.66 to 1.58 t ha-1. The TR-6149 cultivar had the highest seed yield (3.96 and 2.38 t ha-1, respectively) and oil content (49.83 and 50.20%, respectively) in both years. It was concluded that TR-6149, NSH-43 and NSH-111 were considered the best cultivars, having high oil and seed yields under irrigated conditions.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Zehra Ekin , Murat Tuncturk and Ibrahim Yilmaz , 2005. Evaluation of Seed, Oil Yields and Yield Properties of Different Sunflower (Helianthus annus L.) Hybrid Varieties in Van, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8: 683-686.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2005.683.686

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2005.683.686

REFERENCES
1:  Blamey, F.P.C., R.K. Zollinger and A.A. Schneiter, 1997. Sunflower Production and Culture. In: Sunflower Technology and Production, Schneiter, A.A. (Ed.). ASA, CSSA and SSSA, Madison, WI., USA., pp: 585-670.

2:  Monotti, M., D. Laureti, D. Conti, A.M. Pino, S. Pieri, G. Ridoni and A.M. Pino, 2001. Evaluation of sunflower varieties for cultivation in Italy. Inform. Agrario., 57: 49-56.

3:  Nel, A.A., H.L. Loubser and P.S. Hammes, 2000. The effect of environment and cultivar on sunflower seed. I: Yield, hullability and physical seed characteristics. S. Afr. J. Plant Soil, 17: 133-137.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Kovacik, A., V. Skaloud and J. Vrabec, 1993. Yield and oil production potential of sunflower hybrids tested in the Czech Republic. Rostlinna Vyroba, 39: 429-435.

5:  Boujghagh, M., 1993. Performance of ten sunflower genotypes with winter sowing in the Moroccan edaphic/climatic localities. Helia, 16: 31-44.

6:  Mancuso, N., 1992. Evaluation of sunflower cultivars in South America. Proeedings of the 13th International Sunflower Conference, (ISC`92), Italy, pp: 1129-1134.

7:  Oral, E. and K. Kara, 1989. A study on yield and yield components of some oil sunflower varieties under Erzurum ecological conditions. Turk. J. Agric. For., 13: 342-355.

8:  Ilbas, A.l., B. Yildirim, B. Arslan, O. Dede and E. Gunel, 1996. A research on yield and important agronomic characteristics of some sunflower varieties under van ecological conditions. J. Fac. Agric., 6: 189-203.

9:  Arslan, B., F. Altuner and Z. Ekin, 2003. A research on yield and yield components of some sunflower cultivars which grown under limited condition. Proceedings of the 5th Turkey Field Crops Conference, Oct. 13-17, Diyarbakir, pp: 464-467.

10:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp: 186-187.

11:  Lauretti, D., A. Gatto, S. Pieri, M. Monotti, A.M. Pino, A. Gatto and A.M. Del-Pino, 2000. Evaluation of high oleic acid sunflower cultivars in central Italy. Inform. Agric., 56: 47-51.

12:  Akkaya, 1., R. Acarer and A.T. Goksoy, 2003. Determination of yield and some yield components of some sunflower varieties in Bursa. Proceedings of the 5th Turkey Field Crops Conference, Oct. 13-17, Diyarbakir, pp: 256-260.

13:  Tkachenko, P.I., 1990. Sunflower hybrids with high oleic acid content. Tekhnicheskie Kultury, 4: 10-11.

14:  Kluza, M. and C. Musnicki, 1998. Variability and heritability of some morphological features of sunflower hybrids in comparision to a population cultivar. Rosliny Oleiste, 19: 423-428.

15:  Goksoy, A.T., 1999. A study of some agronomical characteristics of synthetic varieties obtained from inbred lines of sunflower. Turk. J. Agric. For., 23: 349-354.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Goksoy, A.T., A.O. Demir, Z.M. Turan and N. Dagustu, 2004. Responses of sunflower to full and limited irrigation at different growth stages. Field Crop Res., 87: 167-178.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Onder, M., O. Ozturk and E. Ceyhan, 2001. Determination of yield and some yield components of oil sunflower varieties. Selcuk Univ. J. Fac. Agric., 15: 136-146.

18:  Lopez, P.M., V.O. Sandras and N. Trapani, 1999. Genetic improvement of sunflower in Argentina between 1930 and 1995. I. Yield and its components. Field Crop. Res., 62: 157-166.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

19:  Gonzales, J. and C. Oliva, 1994. Quality assessment of sunflower seeds from two locations of the Argentine sunflower growing area. Inform. Tecnico Estacion Exp. Agropecuaria Pergamino, 293: 11-11.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved