Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Evaluation of Spring Canolas and Mustards of Varying Age for Relative Preference by False Chinch Bugs, Nysius raphanus (Howard)

N. Demirel and W. Cranshaw
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The False Chinch Bug (FCB), Nysius raphanus (Howard), is one of the most important pests on the Brassicaceae plants. Eleven different Brassica cultivars were tested at two different seedling stages for relative feeding preferences by FCB in the greenhouse conditions. False chinch bug showed strong feeding preference for older plants, particularly among the cultivars ZEM1, Debut and CO1. The cultivars preferred less due to age were Helios, Alto and W1-23. In addition, the spring mustard W1-23 was consistently least preferred by false chinch bug.

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

N. Demirel and W. Cranshaw , 2005. Evaluation of Spring Canolas and Mustards of Varying Age for Relative Preference by False Chinch Bugs, Nysius raphanus (Howard). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8: 665-668.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2005.665.668



1:  Howard, W.R., 1872. The radish bug-new insect (Nysius raphanus, n.sp). Can. Entomol., 4: 219-220.

2:  Ashlock, P.D., 1977. New records and name changes of North American Lygaeidae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeidae). Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash., 79: 575-582.

3:  Burgess, L. and H.H. Weegar, 1986. A method for rearing Nysius ericae (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae), the false chinch bug. Can. Entomol., 118: 1059-1061.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Barnes, M.M., 1970. Genesis of pest: Nysius raphanus and Sisymbrium irio in vineyards. J. Econ. Entomol., 63: 1462-1463.

5:  Byers, G.W., 1973. A mating aggregation of Nysius raphanus (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc., 46: 281-282.

6:  Milliken, F.B., 1918. Nysius ericae Millikin (nec Schilling), the false chinch bug. J. Agric. Res., 13: 571-578.

7:  Knowlton, G.F. and S.L. Wood, 1943. Utah bird predators of the false chinch bug. J. Econ. Entomol., 36: 332-333.

8:  Leigh, T.F., 1961. Insecticidal susceptibility of Nysius raphanus, a pest of cotton. J. Econ. Entomol., 54: 120-122.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Smith, G.L., 1942. California cotton insects. Bull. Calif. Agric. Exp. Station, 660: 43-44.

10:  Tappan, W.B., 1970. Nysius raphanus attacking tobacco in Florida and Georgia. J. Econ. Entomol., 63: 658-660.

11:  Wene, G.P., 1953. The false chinch bug. Proc. Rio Grande Valley Hortic. Inst., 7: 75-76.

12:  Wood, Jr. E.A. and K.J. Starks, 1972. Damage to sorghum by a Lygaeid bug, Nysius raphanus. J. Econ. Entomol., 65: 1507-1508.

13:  Young, W.R. and G.L. Teetes, 1977. Sorghum entomology. Ann. Rev. Entomol., 22: 193-218.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Al-Doghairi, M.A., 2000. Pest management tactics for the western cabbage flea beetle, Phyllotreta pusilla Horn, on Brassica crops. Ph.D. Thesis, Colorado State University. Fort Collins, Colorado.

15:  Demirel, N., 2003. Integrated pest management studies of the insects affecting oilseed brassicas in Colorado. Ph.D. Thesis, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado, pp: 266.

16:  Norris, R.F., E.P. Caswell-Chen and M. Kogan, 2003. Concepts in Integrated Pest Management. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, pp: 586

17:  SAS Institute Inc., 1990. SAS/STAT User's Guide, Version 6. 4th Edn., SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC

18:  Demirel, N., W. Cranshaw, M. Camper, J. Owens and K. Wolfe, 2002. Development of Economic Threshold for False Chinch Bugs on Canola. The Annual Meeting of the Entomological Society of America, Fort Lauderdale, Florida

19:  Demirel, N., W. Cranshaw, K. Kramer, M. Camper and P. Pineda, 2003. Development of economic threshold for seed-feeding bugs on Canola.

20:  Sweet, M.H., 2000. Seed and Chinch Bugs (Lygaeidae). In: Heteroptera of Economic Importance, Schaefer, C.W. and A.R. Panizzi (Eds). CRC Press, Boca Raton, London, New York, pp: 143-264

21:  Capinera, J.L., 2002. Handbook of Vegetable Pests. Academic Press, San Diego, San Francisco, New York, Boston, London, Sydney, Tokyo, pp: 729

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved