This study analyzes social-economic characteristics of apple farms in Antalya province and reveals economic structure of apple farming. Technical efficiency of apple farming was also analyzed. Data were collected through personal interview from 60 agricultural enterprises during 2001 production year. Average size of the apple orchards in the study area is 12.46 da. Share of the total apple land in total farm land is 28.47%. Annual average gross margin of apple production consists of 67.91% of total gross margin of the farms surveyed. Traditional farming technique is prevailing in the region and farmers interviewed are growing traditional apple varieties. Unit cost of apple produced on the farms surveyed was calculated to be 161.269 TL kg-1. On the other hand, apple is sold at a price of 280.581 TL kg-1. Accordingly, profit margin was calculated to be 119.312 TL kg-1. Technical efficiencies of apple production were estimated with Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) and found to be 0.69 and 0.92 for constant and variable returns to scale assumptions, respectively. The greatest input slacks were in fertilizer use (K, N and P respectively). Therefore, to achieve a technically efficient apple production, appropriate soil tests should be conducted to determine fertilizer requirements of the soils.
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Mevlut Gul, 2005. Technical Efficiency and Productivity of Apple Farming in Antalya Province of Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8: 1533-1540.
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