Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Antifungal Effects of Plant Extracts on Seed-borne Fungi of Wheat Seed Regarding Seed Germination, Seedling Health and Vigour Index



M.M. Hasan , S.P. Chowdhury , Shahidul Alam , B. Hossain and M.S. Alam
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Ten plant extracts, such as rhizome of Zingiber officinale, bulb of Allium sativum, Allium cepa, leaves of Adhatoda vesica, Lawsonia alba, Azadirachta indica, Achyranthes aspera, stem of Cuscuta reflexa, root of Vinca rosea and seeds of Nigella sativa were tested for their efficacy in vitro against seed-borne fungi of wheat. All the plant extracts significantly reduced the incidence of seed-borne fungi; increased seed germination; number of healthy seedlings and vigour index. Alcoholic extracts of neem (Azadirachta indica) and garlic (Allium sativum) completely controlled the intensity of Bipolaris sorokiniana, Fusarium sp., Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp. and Rhizopus sp. after the treatment on wheat seeds. Next to garlic and neem, V. rosea extract showed good inhibition and 1.40% intensity of B. sorokiniana followed by bulb extract of A. cepa and leaf extract of A. aspera (1.53 and 1.53%). Water extract of test plants also showed good antifungal effects against seed-borne fungi of wheat. Treated seeds of wheat by the extract of A. indica gave 99.33% seed germination, which is 16.86% higher over untreated control. The highest vigour index (1936, 2194; 1826, 2223 and 1871, 2174) was recorded after the application with alcoholic and water extracts of rhizome of ginger, bulb of garlic and leaf of neem on seeds of wheat while the lowest was in untreated control. The highest (86.95%) and the lowest (13.05%) healthy and infected seedlings were recorded when the seeds were treated with neem extract. Next to neem extract, garlic extract treated wheat seeds gave 84.70% healthy seedlings and 15.13% infected seedlings, respectively.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

M.M. Hasan , S.P. Chowdhury , Shahidul Alam , B. Hossain and M.S. Alam , 2005. Antifungal Effects of Plant Extracts on Seed-borne Fungi of Wheat Seed Regarding Seed Germination, Seedling Health and Vigour Index. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 8: 1284-1289.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2005.1284.1289

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2005.1284.1289

REFERENCES
1:  Richardson, M.J., 1979. An Annotated List of Seed Borne Diseases. 3rd Edn., CAB Publications, CMI, Kew, Surrey, UK., pp: 1-320.

2:  Wiese, M.V., 1987. Compendium of Wheat Diseases. The American Phytopathology Society, Minnesota, pp: 106.

3:  Talukder, M.J., 1974. Plant diseases in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Agric. Res., 1: 71-72.

4:  Fakir, G.A., A.L. Khan, P. Neergaard and S.B. Mathur, 1977. Transmission of Drechslera sp. through wheat seed in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Agric., 1: 113-118.

5:  Fakir, G.A., 1980. An Annotated List of Seed-Borne Diseases in Bangladesh. Agricultural Information Service, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp: 17.

6:  Paritosh, K.M., A.R. Mostofa, M.A. Syed and A.S. Mohammad, 2004. Bipolaris leaf blight: A major constraint to sustainable production of wheat grown under humid conditions. Proceedings of the 4th International Crop Sciences Congress Brisbane, Sept. 26-Oct. 1, Australia, pp: 19-10.

7:  Spencer, D.M., J.N. Topps and R.L. Wain, 1957. Fungistatic properties of tissue: An antifungal substance from the tissue of Vicia faba. Nature, 179: 651-662.

8:  Appleton, J.A. and M.R. Tansey, 1975. Inhibition of growth of 200 pathogenic fungi by garlic extract. Mycologia, 67: 882-885.

9:  Misra, S.B. and S.N. Dixit, 1976. Fungicidal spectrum of leaf extracts of Allium sativum. Indian Phytopathol., 29: 448-448.

10:  Singh, R.N., I.R. Sindhu and K. Gupta, 1986. Effect of leaf exudate and extract of Spinach on some phylloplane fungi. Acta Bot. Indica, 14: 104-110.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Dubey, R.C., 1991. Fungicidal effect of essential oils of three higher plants on sclerotia of Macrophomina phaseolina. Indian Phytopathol., 44: 241-243.

12:  Singh, H.N.P., M.M. Prasad and K.K. Shinha, 1993. Efficacy of leaf extracts of some medicinal plants against disease development in banana. Lett. Microbiol., 17: 269-271.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Parimelazhagan, T. and K. Francis, 1999. Antifungal activity of Clerodendrum viscosum against Curvularia lunata in rice seeds. J. Mycol. Plant Pathol., 29: 139-141.
Direct Link  |  

14:  Alice, D. and A.V. Rao, 1986. Management of seed borne Drechslera oryzae of rice with plant extracts. Int. Rice Res. News Lett., 11: 19-19.

15:  Singh, H.B. and U.P. Singh, 1981. Effect of volatility of some plant extracts on Erysiphe. J. Plant Pathol., 10: 66-67.

16:  Singh, Y., R.D. Tripathi, N.N. Tripathi and S.N. Dixit, 1983. The isolation and properties of fungitoxic principle from Zingiber officinale. Indian J. Plant Pathol., 1: 89-96.

17:  Singh, B.P., S.P. Singh and A. Mohammad, 1990. Economic efficacy of different fungicides for the control of leaf spot of Cauliflower. Ind. Phytopathol., 43: 207-209.

18:  Khair, A., I. Ara, G.K. Joarder and F. Begum, 1995. Effect of clove oil and citral on toxin producing fungal flora of poultry feed. Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res., 30: 191-195.

19:  ISTA, 1976. International rules for seed testing. Seed Sci. Technol., 4: 3-49.

20:  Mahadevan, A. and R. Sridhar, 1982. Methods in Physiological Plant Pathology. 2nd Edn., Sivakami Publications, Madraj, pp: 316.

21:  Sing, R.A. and M.H.S. Rao, 1977. A simple techniques for detection of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae in rice seeds. Seed Sci. Technol., 5: 123-127.

22:  Abdul-Baki, A.A. and J.D. Anderson, 1973. Vigor determination in soybean seed by multiple criteria. Crop Sci., 13: 630-633.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Misra, S.B. and S.N. Dixit, 1977. Antifungal properties of Allium sativum Linn. Sci. Cult., 43: 487-488.

24:  Ahmed, N. and K. Shultana, 1984. Fungitoxic effect of garlic on treatment of jute seed. Bangladesh J. Bot., 13: 130-136.

25:  Hashmi, R.Y., S. Shahzad, A.K. Khanzada, M. Aslam and S.A.R. Kazmi, 1992. Studies on the seed mycoflora of lentil and its control. Pak. J. Sci. Indust. Res., 35: 345-347.

26:  Rake, K., K.K. Khanna, C. Sudhir, R. Khanna and S. Chandra, 1989. Effect of homoeopathic drugs on seed mycoflora of wheat. Nat. Acad. Sci. Lett., 12: 39-41.

27:  Utikar, P.G. and P.A. Shinde, 1989. Antifungal effects of phytoextracts vis-a-vis the fungicides on grain mould parameters. Pestology, 13: 23-26.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved