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Research Article

Effects of Sowing Densities and Phosphorus Doses on Some Phenologic, Morphologic Characters and Seed Yield of Dry Bean Under Irrigation Condition in Van, Turkey

Mehmet Yagmur and Digdem Kaydan
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In this research, dry bean variety Seker (Phaseolus vulgaris Var volubilis Dekapr.) were grown with three different sowing densities, (25, 37.5 and 50 seeds m-2 ) and five different phosphorus doses (0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 kg P2O5 ha-1) to determine the most suitable sowing density and phosphorus doses for the cultivar in terms of phenologic, morphologic and seed yield in Van Turkey in 1997 and 1998 years. As the sowing density increased, as plant characters such as days to flowering, days to maturity, seed yield, first pods height and plant height increased in dry bean cultivar. Whereas numbers of branching showed reduction. Seed yield and number of branches were increased by increasing phosphorus doses. But days to flowering and days to maturity were decreased by phosphorus doses. The highest seed yield was obtained from 50 seed m-2 +60 kg P2O5 ha with 1920.0 kg ha-1 in 1997 and in second year the highest seed yield was obtained from applications of 37.5 seed m-2 +45 kg P2O5 ha-1 with 1701.0 kg ha-1. The lowest seed yields were obtained from application of 25 seed m-2 +0 kg P2O5 ha-1 with, respectively 1457.5 and 1262.5 kg ha-1 in both years.

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  How to cite this article:

Mehmet Yagmur and Digdem Kaydan , 2004. Effects of Sowing Densities and Phosphorus Doses on Some Phenologic, Morphologic Characters and Seed Yield of Dry Bean Under Irrigation Condition in Van, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7: 1782-1787.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2004.1782.1787


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