Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Antimicrobial Activity of Some Turkish Medicinal Plants

B. Dulger and A. Gonuz
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

In this study, antimicrobial activity of Rhododendron ponticum L., Prunus laurocerasus L., Agrimonia eupatoria L., Cornus mas L., Vitis vinifera L., Punica granatum L., Anthemis cotula L., Cichorium intybus L., Viscum album L., Papaver hybridum L., Malva rotundifolia L. and Rhus coriaria L. were investigated. The ethanolic extracts of these plants were tested against Escherichia coli ATCC 11230, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538P, Klebsiella pneumoniae UC57, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853, Proteus vulgaris ATCC 8427, Bacillus cereus ATCC 7064, Mycobacterium smegmatis CCM 2067, Listeria monocytogenes ATCC 15313, Micrococcus luteus CCM 169, Candida albicans ATCC 10231, Rhodotorula rubra DSM 70403 and Kluyveromyces fragilis ATCC 8608 by disc diffusion method. Of the 12 plants tested, nine showed antimicrobial activity. Each plant species has unique against different microorganisms. The fruit extract of Rhus coriaria had the highest antimicrobial effect with an inhibition zone of 12-52 mm against all the bacteria, but not shown antiyeast effect. Except for the extracts of Rhus coriaria, Agrimonia eupatoria and Anthemis cotula, all additional extracts of generated inhibition zones smaller than those generated by several reference antibiotics.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

B. Dulger and A. Gonuz , 2004. Antimicrobial Activity of Some Turkish Medicinal Plants. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7: 1559-1562.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2004.1559.1562


1:  Karaman, I., F. Sahin, M. Gulluce, H. Ogutcu, M. Sengul and A. Adiguzel, 2003. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous and methanol extracts of Juniperus oxycedrus L. J. Ethnopharmacol., 85: 231-235.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Dulger, B., 2004. Antimicrobial activity of the macrofungus Pholiota adiposa. Fitoterapia, 75: 395-397.

3:  Dulger, B., F. Yilmaz and F. Gucin, 2002. Antimicrobial activity of some Lactarius species. Pharm. Biol., 40: 304-306.

4:  Basim, E. and H. Basim, 2003. Antibacterial activity of Rosa damascena essential oil. Fitoterapia, 74: 394- 396.

5:  Goren, A.C., G. Bilsel, M. Bilsel, H. Demir and E.E. Kocabas, 2003. Analysis of essential oil of Coridothymus capitatus (L.) and its antibacterial and antifungal activity. Zeitschrift Naturforschung, 58: 687-690.

6:  Dulger, B. and A. Gonuz, 2004. Antimicrobial activity of certain plants used in turkish traditional medicine. Asian J. Plant Sci., 3: 104-107.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Sahin, F., I. Karaman, M. Gulluce, H. Ogutcu and M. Sengul et al., 2003. Evaluation of antimicrobial activities of Satureja hortensis L. J. Ethnopharmacol., 87: 61-65.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

8:  Khan, N.H., M. Rahman and M.S. Nur-e-Kamal, 1988. Antibacterial activity of Euphorbia thymifolia Linn. Indian J. Med. Res., 87: 395-397.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Collins, C.H., P.M. Lyne and J.M. Grange, 1989. Microbiological Methods. 6th Edn., Butterworths and Co. Ltd., London, Pages: 410.

10:  Ali-Shtayeh, M.S., R.M.R. Yaghmour, Y.R. Faidi, K. Salem and M.A. Al-Nuri, 1998. Antimicrobial activity of 20 plants used in folkloric medicine in the Palestinian area. J. Ethnopharmacol., 60: 265-271.
CrossRef  |  PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Digrak, M., M. Hakki and A. Ilchim, 2001. Antibacterial and Antifungal activities of Turkish medicinal plants. Pharma. Biol., 39: 346-350.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Nimri, L.F., M.M. Meqdam and A. Alkofahi, 1999. Antibacterial activity of Jordanian medicinal plants. Pharm. Biol., 37: 196-201.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Iauk, L., F. Caccamo, A.M. Speciale, G. Tempera, S. Ragusa and G. Pante, 1998. . Antimicrobial activity of Rhus coriaria L. leaf extract. Phytother. Res., 12: 152-153.

14:  Bilia, A.R., E. Palme, A. Marsili, L. Pistelli and I. Morelli, 1993. A flavonol glycoside from Agrimonia eupatoria. Phytochemistry, 32: 1078-1079.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Copland, A., L. Nahar, C.T.M. Tomlinson, V. Hamilton, M. Middleton, Y. Kumarasamy and S.D. Sarker, 2003. Antibacterial and free radical scavenging activity of the seeds of Agrimonia eupatoria. Fitoterapia, 74: 133-135.

16:  Quarenghi, M.V., M.L. Tereschuk, M.D. Baigorib and L.R. Abdala, 2000. Antimicrobial activity of flowers from Anthemis cotula. Fitoterapia, 71: 710-712.

17:  Cetin, T.E. and N. Gurler, 1989. Bakterilerin antibiyotiklere duyarlilik deneylerinin yapilmasi. Kukem Dergisi, 12: 2-2.

18:  Schmaus, G., 1993. Volatile constituents of Rhus coriaria and Wilhelmsii from Turkey. Essential Oils, Baser, K.H.C. and N. Guler (Eds.). 178, Istanbul.

19:  Drozd, G.A., S.F. Yavlynskaya and T.M. Ivozemtseva, 1983. Khimiya prirodnykh soedi. Nenii, 1: 106-110.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved