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Research Article

The Weed Flora of Winter Wheat in Sanliurfa, Turkey

Bekir Bukun
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The objective of this study was to survey the weeds in the pre-harvest of the winter wheat in grower fields of South Eastern region of Turkey (Sanliurfa and their districts, Central, Akcakale, Harran, Birecik, Bozova, Siverek, Suruc, Viransehir). Fifty fields were evaluated, during period of April to May in 2003. The weeds were identified and counted inside a square (1.0x1.0 m), applied in each area in order to determine the frequency, density, abundance and relative importance. Avena fatua (25.16 individual m2), Galium aparine (15.3 individual m2), Sinapis arvensis (7.48 individual m2), Vaccaria pyramidata (6.84 individual m2), Isatis tinctoria (5.35 individual m2), Echinaria capitata (4.95 individual m2) and Fumaria officinalis were most common in winter wheat in the sampled areas. The botanical families Fabaceae with 14 species, Cruciferae with 13 species and Astereceae with 12 species. Apiaceae have quite a large number of species.

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  How to cite this article:

Bekir Bukun , 2004. The Weed Flora of Winter Wheat in Sanliurfa, Turkey. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7: 1530-1534.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2004.1530.1534


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