Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Effect of Population Density and Planting Configuration on Dry Matter Allocation and Yield in Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek)



Md. Sarwar Jahan and Abdul Hamid
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

A field experiment was conducted to determine the influence of population density and planting configuration on dry matter allocation and yield performance of mungbean. The experiment was conducted with six levels of population densities (10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 plants m-2) each at three levels of configuration (1:1, 1:2.5 and 1:5 rectangularity). Accumulation and distribution of dry matter to different components of plants were determined. At maturity, grain yield and yield contributing characters were recorded. Population density decreased plant size, but the effect was offset when converted to per unit area basis. Seed yield per plant decreased progressively with the increase in planting density. Significant variation in the number of pods per plant and seeds per pod due to differences in population density caused the variation in seed yield. Planting at higher rectangularity (1:5) out yielded other planting configurations. Planting density and configuration caused similar effect on harvest index.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Md. Sarwar Jahan and Abdul Hamid , 2004. Effect of Population Density and Planting Configuration on Dry Matter Allocation and Yield in Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7: 1493-1498.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2004.1493.1498

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2004.1493.1498

REFERENCES
1:  Lawn, R.J., D.E. Byth and V.E. Mungomery, 1977. Response of soybeans to planting date in South-Eastern Queenceland: III. Agronomic and physiological responses of cultivars to planting arrangement. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 28: 63-79.

2:  Carter, T.E. Jr. and H.R. Boerma, 1979. Implication of genotype x planting date and row spacing interactions in dibble cropped soybean cultivar development. Crop Sci., 19: 607-610.

3:  Rachie, K.O. and L.M. Roberts, 1974. Grain Legumes of the lowland tropics. Adv. Agron., 26: 1-132.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Singh, C.P. and H.P. Singh, 1988. Response of mungbean to plant population and planting pattern. Indian J. Agron., 33: 344-345.

5:  Haider, J., T. Marumoto and A.K. Azad, 1991. Estimation of microbial biomass carbon and nitrogen in Bangladesh soils. Soil Sci. Plant Nutr., 37: 591-599.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Biswas, J.C., 1988. Influence of carbofuran on leaf senescence, N-uptake and yield attributes of mungbean. M.Sc. Thesis, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

7:  Bonan, G.B., 1991. Density effect on the size structure of annual plant populations: An indication of neighbourhood competition. Ann. Bot., 68: 341-347.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Rahman, M.M., A.A. Miah, A.F.M. Maniruzzaman, A.K.M.M. Rahman and K. Khan, 1995. Growth analysis of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) under variable population densities at different dates of sowing. Bangladesh J. Bot., 24: 53-59.

9:  Muchow, R.C. and D.A. Charles-Edwards, 1982. A physiological analysis of growth of mungbean at a range of plant densities in tropical Australia, I. Dry matter production. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 33: 41-51.

10:  MacKenzie, D.R., N.C. Chen, T.D. Liu, H.B.F. Wu and E.B. Oyer, 1975. Response of mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek var. radiata) and soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) to increasing plant density. J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 100: 579-583.

11:  Reddy, T.Y. and G.H.S. Reddi, 2001. Principles of Agronomy. Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi, India, pp: 515.

12:  Holliday, R., 1960. Population and crop yield. Field Crop Abstr., 13: 159-167.

13:  Poehlman, J.M., 1991. The Mungbean. Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, pp: 375.

14:  IRRI (International Rice Research Institute), 1988. Annual Report 1987. IRRI, Philippines, Los Banos, Laguna.

15:  Lawn, R.J. and C.S. Ahn, 1985. Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek Vigna mungo L. Hepper). In: Grain Legume Crops, Summerfield, R.J. and F.H. Roberts (Eds.). Collins, London, pp: 859.

16:  Ali, M., I.A. Malik, H.M. Sabir and B. Ahmed, 1997. The Mungbean Green Revolution in Pakistan. AVRDC., Technical Bulletin No. 24. Shanhua, Taiwan, pp: 66.

17:  Beech, D.F. and I.M. Wood, 1978. Evaluation of mungbean under irrigation in Western Australia. Proceedings of the 1st International Mungbean Symposium, (IMS`78), Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Shanhua, Taiwan, pp: 107-111.

18:  Lawn, R.J., 1978. Yield and yield potential of Vigna radiata and Vigna mungo. Proceedings of the 1st International Mungbean Symposium, (IMS`78), Asian Vegetables Research and Development Center, Shanhua, Taiwan, pp: 24-27.

19:  BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics), 1995. Statistical year book of Bangladesh 1994. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

20:  Kuo, G., 1998. Growth Development and Physiological Aspects of Mungbean Yield: A Lecture Handout Presented in Multilocation Testing of Mungbean Germplasm Training Course. Kasetsart University, Kamphaeng Saen, Thailand.

21:  Hamid, A., 1996. Growth and Yield Performance of Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) at a Wide Range of Population Densities. In: Recent Advances in Mungbean Research, Asthana A.N. and D.H. Kim (Eds.). ISPR, IIPR, Kanpur, India, pp: 92-100.

22:  Monalo, B.E., 1978. Agroclimatic Survey of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI), Los Banos, Laguna, Philippines.

23:  Hashem, A. and A. Hamid, 1996. Canopy Structure, Light Interception and Productivity of Three Mungbean Varieties. In: Recent Advances in Mungbean Research, Asthana A.N. and D.H. Kim (Eds.). ISPR, IIPR, Kanpur, India, pp: 83-91.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved