Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Observation on the Embryonic and Larval Development of Silurid Catfish, Gulsha (Mystus cavasius Ham.)



M. Rafiqur Rahman , M. Aminur Rahman , M. Noor Khan and M.G. Hussain
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

In order to study the early development stages, eggs and milts were obtained from the ripe specimens of M. cavasius. For females stripping was done after 6 h of 10 mg kg 1 body weight carp PG extract injection. Then the eggs were fertilized in the laboratory and subsequent development stages were studied. The average diameter of fertilized eggs were observed to be 0.5 mm. First cleavage (two cell), four cell, eight cell and multi cell stages were observed after 00:40, 00:55, 01:10, 02:50 h of fertilization, respectively. Morula, gastrula and yolk plug stages were found 4, 6 and 7 h after fertilization. Notochord was slightly observed after 8 h of fertilization. Head and tail were differentiated after 09:30 h of fertilization. Hatching occurred within 19+2 h after fertilization and larvae were measured 1.28 mm, when the water temperature was 27 to 29.5°C. The newly hatched larva was devoid of mouth, dorsal, ventral, pectoral fin and pigments. Barbel appeared to be slightly visible in the larva just after 6 h of hatching and clearly visible after 12 h of hatching. The yolk sac was completely absorbed when the larva was 48 h old. All the morphological and other organal development occurred within 12 days of post larval period.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

M. Rafiqur Rahman , M. Aminur Rahman , M. Noor Khan and M.G. Hussain , 2004. Observation on the Embryonic and Larval Development of Silurid Catfish, Gulsha (Mystus cavasius Ham.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 7: 1070-1075.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2004.1070.1075

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2004.1070.1075

REFERENCES

1:  Hossain, M.A., A.H.H. Kohinoor and M.G. Hussain, 1998. Polyculture of gulsha (Mystus cavassius Ham.) with raipnti (Puntius gonionotus Bleeker) and silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix val.) in earthen ponds. Bangladesh J. Fish. Res., 2: 9-14.

2:  Hussain, M.G. and M.A. Mazid, 1999. Bloodstock management status and some suggestions to control negative selection inbreeding in hatchery stocks in Bangladesh NAGA. ICLARM Q., 22: 24-27.

3:  Kohinoor, A.H.M., M. Akhteruzzaman, M.G. Hussain and M.S. Shah, 1991. Observation on the induced breeding of Mystus cavasius (Hamilton) in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Fish, 14: 73-77.

4:  Mookherjee, H.K., S.N. Sen-Gupta and P.K. Roy-Chandhuri, 1946. Food and its percentage composition of the common adult fishes of Bengal. Sci. Cult., 12: 247-249.

5:  Islam, A.M. and M.A. Azadi, 1989. Fecundity of Mystus cavasius (Hamilton) from Kaptai lake. Proc. 14th Ann. Bangladesh Sci. Conf. Abstr. Sect., 19: 27-30.

6:  Khan, M.M.R. and M.F.A Mollah, 1998. Embryonic and larval development of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell). Bangladesh H. J. Fish, 21: 91-97.

7:  Mollah, F.H., 1977. Determination of sexes on in catfishes of Bangladesh through external characters. Bangladesh J. Zool., 5: 41-46.

8:  Akhteruzzaman, M., A.H.M. Kohinoor, M.S. Shah and M.G. Hussain, 1993. Observation on the induced breeding of silurid catfish. Ompok Pabda (Hamilton) in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Life Sci., 5: 71-75.

9:  Amy, R.L., 1983. Gamete sizes and developmental timetables of five tropical sea urchins. Bull. Mar. Sci., 33: 173-176.

10:  Fujisawa, H., 1993. Temprature sensitivity of a hybrid between two species of sea trchins differing in thermotolerance. Dev. Growth Different, 35: 395-401.

11:  Rahman, M.A., T. Uehara and S.M. Rehman, 2002. Effects of egg size on fertilization, fecundity and offspring performance: A comparative study between two sibling species of tropical sea urchins (Genus Echinometra). Pak. J. Biol. Sci., 5: 114-121.

12:  McEdward, L.R., 1984. Morphometric and metabolic analysis of growth and form of an echinopluteus. J. Exp. Mar. Bio. Ecol., 82: 259-287.

13:  Hussain, M.G. and M.A. Hossain, 1999. Controlled breeding technology and step for coservation kof gene pool of certain endangered fish species of Bangladesh. Fish. Newslett., 7: 2-3.

14:  Kohinoor, A.H.M., M.S. Islam, D.A. Jahan and M.G. Hussain, 1997. Embryonic and larval development of Ompok pabda (Hmilton). Prog. Agric., 8: 37-41.

15:  Parameswaran, S., C. Selvaraj and S. Radhakrishnan, 1971. A review of the fresh water fishes of the genus Ompok Lacepede. J. Zool., 3: 11-16.

16:  Chakrabatry, R.D. and D.S. Murty, 1972. Life history of indian major caeps, Cirrhina mrigala J. Inland Fish. Soc. Idia, 4: 132-161.

17:  Das, D.R. and M. Das, 1999. Fecundity of feather back, Notopterus (Pallas) from two different. Bangladesh J. Aquacult., 21: 53-60.

18:  Rana, K.J., 1990. Influence of incubation temperature on Oreochromis niloticus (L.) eggs and fry: I. Gross embryology, temperature tolerance and rates of embryonic development. Aquaculture, 87: 165-181.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

19:  Rahman, M., 1975. Development and life history of anabas testudineus (Bloch) (Percifornes: Anabantidae). Bangladesh J. Zool., 3: 11-16.

20:  Barua, G., 1990. Gonadal development and fry rearing of Clarias batrachus. Ph.D. Thesis, Bangladesh Agriculture University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

21:  Das, M., 1965. The energetics of strees tolerance in the early life stages of the goldgish Carassius auratus L. Ph.D. Thesis, Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling. Scotland, pp: 210.

22:  Rahman, A.K.A., 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, Pages: 364

23:  Akther, N., 1999. Study on predatory behaviour and fecundity estimation of laboratory reared Nandus nandus (Hamilton). M.Sc. Thesis, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

24:  Thakur, K.N. and P. Das, 1985. Synopsis of Biological Data on Magur Clarias Batrachus (Liannaeus). Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute, Barrackpore, West Bengal, India

25:  Jhingran, V.G., 1983. Fish and Fisheries of India. Hindustan Publication Corporation India, New Delhi, pp: 666

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved