Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Comparison of Genetic Susceptibility Between Local and Exotic Chickens Towards Gumboro Disease



A.T.M.M-E-Elahi , S. Habib , M.S. Mazumder , M.I. Hossain and P.S. Bhattacharjee
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Hypothetical remarks about the resistance of local native Bangladeshi chickens were compared with an exotic breed like Fayoumi towards Gumboro disease. A reserve experimental result was obtained with increased susceptibility of the locals than the exotics. Poor bursal enlargement along with the absence of many post-mortem lesions and peculiar hepatomegally were notable post-mortem lesions in locals. Maternal antibody attains a zero level as detected at 19 days of age by agar gel precipitation test. Materiality in locals 46% and exotic 38% was encountered in both the breeds following challenge with a virulent field isolate of Gumboro disease virus. Onset of morbidity proceeded in the locals. A spiking death curve was observed in both the breeds. Mortality started since day 2 following challenge and continued till day 5 except in the locals, where it ended on day 3 post challenge. It is assumed that changes in the method of feeding and rearing may act as natural stress affecting the cell-mediated immunity related to genetics and perhaps rendered them more susceptible.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

A.T.M.M-E-Elahi , S. Habib , M.S. Mazumder , M.I. Hossain and P.S. Bhattacharjee , 2001. Comparison of Genetic Susceptibility Between Local and Exotic Chickens Towards Gumboro Disease. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 4: 1562-1564.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2001.1562.1564

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2001.1562.1564

REFERENCES
1:  Bhattacharjee, P.S., C.E. Savage and R.C. Jones, 1995. Reexcretion of infectious bronchitis virus in chickens induced by cyclosporin. Avian Pathol., 24: 435-441.
PubMed  |  

2:  Bhattacharjee, P.S., R.L. Kundu, J.U. Mazumder, E. Hossain and A.H. Miah, 1996. A retrospective analysis of chicken diseases diagnosed at the central disease investigation laboratory, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Bangladesh Vet. J., 30: 105-113.

3:  Faragher, J.T., 1971. Studies on Gumboro diseases of the fowl. Ph.D. Thesis, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London, England.

4:  Lukert, P.D. and Y.M. Saif, 1991. Infectious Bursal Diseases. In: Diseases of Poultry, Calnek, B.W. (Ed.). Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA., USA., pp: 721-738.

5:  Okoye, J.O.A. and E.P. Abulungba, 1996. Comparative study of the resistance or susceptibility of local Nigerian and exotic chickens to infectious bursal disease. Proceedings of the 20th Worlds Poultry Congress, Sept. 2-5, New Delhi, pp: 543-552.

6:  Rahman, M.M., A. Rahman, A.H.M.N. Islam, A.H. Miah, J.U. Majumder and P.S. Bhattacharjee, 1996. Observations on outbreaks and subsequent control of infectious bursal disease in the central poultry farm in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Vet. J., 30: 13-17.

7:  Salman, A., M.A. Shuaib, T.H. Suleiman and M. Ginawi, 1983. Infectious bursal disease in the Sudan. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 15: 219-220.
CrossRef  |  

8:  Sharaf, M.M., K.E. Nestor, Y.M. Saif, R.E. Sacco and G.B. Havenstein, 1988. Antibody response to Newcastle disease virus and Pasteurella multocida of two stains of turkeys. Poult. Sci., 67: 1372-1377.

9:  Siddique, A.B., 1999. Studies on the physio-chemical antigenic and immunogenic properties of pigeon pox virus isolates from Bangladesh. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Microbiology and Hygiene, BAU, Bangladesh.

10:  Van den Berg, T.P., M. Gonze and G. Meulemans, 1991. Acute infectious bursal disease in poultry isolation and characterization of a highly virulent strain. Avian Pathol., 20: 133-143.

11:  Winterfield, R.W., A.M. Fadlyand and A. Bickford, 1972. Infectivity and distribution of infectious bursal disease in the chicken. Persistence of the virus and lesions. Avian Dis., 16: 622-632.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Wyeth, P.T. and G.A. Cullen, 1978. Susceptibility of chicks to infectious bursal disease (IBD) following vaccination of their parents with live IBD vaccines. Vet. Rec., 103: 281-282.
Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved