Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

A Study on Four Methods of Sampling Ichneumonidae and Braconidae at Two Different Habitats of Fraser’s Hill, Malaysia

A.B. Idris, N. Nor Zaneedarwaty , A.D. Gonzaga , M.I. Zaidi , S. Azman and Y. Salmah
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

A study on four methods of sampling Ichneumonidae and Braconidae at two different habitats of Fraser`s Hill was conducted from 12 - 15 November 2000. The sampling methods tested were malaise trap (MT), yellow pan trap (YPT), flight intercept trap (FIT) and sweeping net (SWN). YPT collected the most ichneumonids while FIT collected similar numbers of ichneumonids and braconids. MT seemed to collect less ichneumonids individuals as compared with other two methods, but had high H` for ichneumonid morphospecies, indicating that MT is relatively a better method for estimating diversity over the other methods. None of the tested sampling methods has better edge over the others in collecting ichneumonids and braconids irrespective of habitat types. As such, the use of all suitable sampling methods for certain habitats per unit time are still the best suggestion in order to get enough collection and better diversity of estimation especially for ichneumonids.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

A.B. Idris, N. Nor Zaneedarwaty , A.D. Gonzaga , M.I. Zaidi , S. Azman and Y. Salmah , 2001. A Study on Four Methods of Sampling Ichneumonidae and Braconidae at Two Different Habitats of Fraser’s Hill, Malaysia. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 4: 1515-1517.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2001.1515.1517


1:  Erwin, T.L., 1982. Tropical forests: Their richness in Coleoptera and other Arthropod species. Coleopterists Bull., 36: 74-75.
Direct Link  |  

2:  Erwin, T.L., 1983. Tropical forest canopies: The last biotic frontier. Bull. Entomol. Soc. Am., 1983: 14-19.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Holloway, J.D., 1987. Macrolepidoptera diversity in the Indo-Australian tropics: Geographic, biotopic and taxonomic variations. Biol. J. Linn. Soc., 30: 325-341.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Idris, A.B., 1996. Parasitoid fauna (ichneumonidae and braconidae) at the permanent forest reserve of university Kebangsaan Malaysia. A Technical Report. Project UKM B/2/96 pp: 13.

5:  Idris, A.B. and A. Nur-Azura, 1998. Comparative study on methods of collecting parasitic Hymenoptera with special emphasis on the family of Ichneumonidae. Malaysian Applied Biol., 27: 87-94.

6:  Janzen, D.H., 1973. Sweep samples of tropical foliage insects: description of study sites, with data on species abundance and size distributions. Ecology, 54: 659-686.
Direct Link  |  

7:  Jansen, D.H., 1973. Sweep samples of tropical foliage insects: Effects of seasons, vegetation types, elevation, time of day and insularity. Ecology, 54: 687-708.

8:  Janzen, D.H. and C.M. Pond, 1975. A comparison, by sweep sampling, of the arthropod fauna of secondary vegetation in Michigan, England and Costa Rica. Trans. R. Entomol. Soc. London, 127: 33-50.
Direct Link  |  

9:  Jazen, D.H., M. Ataroff, M. Farinas, S. Reyes and N. Rincon et al., 1976. Changes in the arthropod community along an elevational transect in the Venezuelan Andes. Biotropica, 8: 193-203.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Jervis, M.A., N.A.C. Kidd, M.G. Fitton, T. Huddleston and H.A. Dawah, 1993. Flower-visiting by hymenopteran parasitoids. J. Nat. Hist., 27: 67-105.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Julliet, J.A., 1963. A comparison of four types of traps used for capturing flying insects. Can. J. Zool., 41: 219-223.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Noyes, J.S., 1989. A study of five methods of sampling Hymenoptera (Insecta) in a tropical rainforest with special reference to the parasitica. J. Nat. Hist., 23: 285-298.

13:  Robinson, G.S., 1991. Alpha, PC Version GW Basic. Natural History Museum, London.

14:  Wahl, D.B. and M.J. Sharkey, 1993. Family Ichneumonidae. In: Hymenoptera of the World: An Identification Guide to the Families, Goulet, H. and J.T. Huber (Eds.). Canada Communication Group Publishing, Canada, pp: 395-442.

15:  Wilkinson, J.D., G.T. Schmidt and K.D. Biever, 1980. Comparative efficiency of sticky and water traps for sampling beneficial arthropods in red clover and the attraction of clover head caterpillar adults to anisyl acetone. J. Georgia Entomol. Soc., 15: 124-131.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved