Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Performance of High Ranking Sugarcane Varieties Under The Agro-Climatic Conditions of Bannu



Khan Bahadar, Muhammad Jamal , Khalid Nawab , Khalid Rasool and Muhammad Safdar Baloch
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The response of sugarcane superior genotypes was studied for four consecutive years from 1991-92 to 1994-95 in plant and Raton stages. The studies were confined to the major aspects i.e sugar contents, sugar and cane yields. Variety CP-75/324 gave the highest cane sugar, yields of 94.335 and 7.95 t ha–1 respectively. Varieties CP-65/357, PAS-132 and COL-75 were the next following and produced at par cane yield of 83.316, 83.114 and 81.952 t ha–1 respectively. Variety S-82-US-624 showed highest sugar% (9.67). Varieties CP-51/21, CP-65/357 and BF-162 ranked next for sugar contents i.e 9.59, 8.80 and 8.79 percent respectively. CP-51/21 and CP-65/57 followed CP-75/324 for sugar yield by producing 7.47 and 7.29 t ha–1, respectively. According to the results it is concluded that variety CP-75/324 possessed the highest cane, sugar yield, considerable sugar percent and therefore proved as the most suitable variety for the area. It was approved as a new commercial variety for the area with local name "Bannu-1" during 1992.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Khan Bahadar, Muhammad Jamal , Khalid Nawab , Khalid Rasool and Muhammad Safdar Baloch , 2000. Performance of High Ranking Sugarcane Varieties Under The Agro-Climatic Conditions of Bannu. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 169-171.

DOI: 10.3923/pjbs.2000.169.171

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=pjbs.2000.169.171
 

Introduction

The sugar industry in Pakistan has shown vast expansion in the past decade. Its installed potential is around 4.8 million tones of sugar per year. But unfortunately the sugar industry is dragging at 2.5-3.0 million tones of sugar production which indicates great loses in sugar production and natural resources (Malik, 1998). There are several limitations which impede the sugar cane cultivation in Bannu Division. The major constraints are shortage of suitable varieties, technology and irrigation facilities. The average per hectare yield in Bannu is poor i.e., 40.29 t ha–1. The per unit area production is less than that of whole province which is 45.65 t ha–1 (Anonymous, 1998). The average yield of some cane growing countries is 40-49 t ha–1 in India, 68.0 t ha–1 in Indonesia and 57.0 t ha–1 in Australia (Khan, 1984).

At present sugar industry faces great dearth of quality varieties. Variety is the pre-requisite and major requirement for crop improvement. Malik (1998) reported that varieties with low sugar recovery like CO-1148 adversely affected the sugar production in Punjab. Glaz (1997) reported that variety CP-80-1827 was widely grown in Florida due to its better quality. In this regard considerable research work has been done by various scientists at other zones/locations and on international level. However local finding is the key solution for successful improvements as there exists variations in the agro-climatic conditions.

Materials and Methods

Performance of eight superior sugar cane varieties viz. CP 51/21, CP-65/357, CP-75/324, COL-75, S-82-US-710, S-82-US-624, BF-162 and PAS-132 was studied at Agricultural Research Station, Serai Naurang, Bannu, NWFP for four consecutive years from 1991-92 to 1994-95 in two plants and two Raton crop stages. Plantation was done in late November and mid of December, well before the onset of frost. The trials were conducted in Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications and net plot size of 4.56×10 meters. Row to row distance was 90 cm. All the recommended levels of major nutrients, management and cultural operations were kept constant and applied equally to all treatments at appropriate stages. The basal dose of NPK was applied at 150-56-56 kg ha–1. All phosphorous and potash doses were applied at first hoeing stage in the month of March. Nitrogen was applied in two equal split doses in the month of April and May to Raton and plant crops respectively. Selective weedicide Gexa Pex Combi was applied at 3.5-4.0 kg ha–1 in all treatments of plant crop in the month of February. Hoeing and earthling up operations were performed and completed up to the 1st fortnight of June in each trial. Insecticide (Curator Granules) was applied at 20 kg ha–1 to all treatments for the control of borers infestation during the month of April, May in Raton and plant crop respectively. Weekly irrigation was performed in the hot months and according to the requirements in the rest of the cropping season. Observations were recorded on various aspects at different stages. The data were compiled and analyzed statistically with the help of computer package MSTATC.

Results and Discussion

Cane yield (t ha–1): The data given in Table 1 revealed highly significant differences due to various genotypes included in the test. Data regarding years of the experiment were also significantly affected for cane yield. On the basis of varietal means (plant and Raton), significantly the highest cane yield was recorded for variety CP-75/324, followed by varieties CP-65/357, PAS-132 and CoL-75. These varieties were statistically at par with S-82-US-710 and CP-51/21. The interaction between the different genotypes and cane yield was non significant.

Table 1:
Cane yield data (t ha–1) of the sugarcane promising varieties (plant and Raton crops) for the year 1991-92 to 1994-95

Table 2: Sugar contents data (CCS%) of sugarcane promising varieties (plant and Raton crops) for the year 1991-92 to 1994-95

Table 3:Sugar yield data (t ha–1) of sugarcane promising varieties (plant and Raton crops) for the years 1991-92 to 1994-95

These findings are in conformity with those reported by Imran et al. (1981), Qayyum et al. (1985) and Biswas (1986) who determined variability in cane yield of different genotypes of sugarcane in various climatic conditions. They found that varieties CP-65/357, C0-1321 and CO-1148 gave higher cane yield. Lotula (1982), Poltronieri et al. (1982), Bakhsh and Nayyar (1983), Chougle and Patel (1983), Fonguey and Fontenot (1986) and Rozeff (1987) reported varieties BL-4, CP-65/357, CO-419, NCO-310, PR-1048, B-4362 and CO-62175 with the best performance. Khan et al. (1998) found variety S-82-US-710 with maximum cane yield of 69.95 t ha–1.

Sugar contents (CCS%): According to the data given in Table 2, the varieties showed significant variation for sugar percent (CCS%) but found non Significantly different among the years. It is evident from the above table that 582-US-624 possessed the highest sugar percentage. It was followed by varieties CP-51/21, CP-65/357 and BF-162. The lowest sugar contents was recorded for PAS-132 and COL-75. Similar results were also obtained by Pazir and Hatam (1980), Imran et al. (1981), Poltronieri et al. (1982) and Bakhsh and Nayyar (1983). They reported that varieties CP-51/21, CP-65/357, BL-4 and CP-57/603 gave higher sugar contents. Variety CP51/321 showed 10.52 percent of sugar contents. Khan et al. (1998) recorded higher sugar percentage of 9.63 for variety S-82-US-710.

Sugar yield (t ha–1): Data for sugar yield were found significantly different due to various genotypes, however it showed non-significant variations for different years. According to Table 3 variety CP-75/324 produced the highest sugar yield. The next higher yields were shown by CP51/21 and CP65/357 respectively. The sugar yield is directly affected by the cane yield and sugar percentage of the varieties. The poorest sugar yield was recorded in PAS-132 and COL-75 which is due to its lower sugar contents. These findings are in accordance with those of Imran et al. (1981), Inayatullah (1983) and Khattak et al. (1986) who found varieties CP-651357, CP-51/21, CO-1148 and CO-1321 with higher sugar yields. Naidu et al. (1981) and Glaz (1986) also reported varieties CO-621 15 and CP-77/1776 with higher sugar yields.

REFERENCES
1:  Anonymous, 1998. Annual technical report. Sugar Crops Research Institute, NWFP., Mardan, pp: 101.

2:  Bakhsh, K. and M.M. Nayyar, 1983. Approved varieties of Punjab province. Proceedings of the Sugarcane Seminar, (SS’83), Kamalia Sugar Mills Ltd., Toba Tek Singh, pp: 1-8.

3:  Biswas, A., 1986. Screening of sugarcane varieties against red rot disease in West Bengal. Indian Sugar Crops J., 12: 15-16.

4:  Chougle, J.D. and B.R. Patel, 1983. Studies on the relationship between sugar cane varieties and cane yield in tropical regions. Bharatiya Sugar, 12: 70-72.

5:  Fonguey, H.P. and D.B. Fontenot, 1986. The Louisiana sugar cane variety census for 1985. Sugar Bull., 65: 8-10.

6:  Glaz, B., 1986. Sugarcane variety census. Sugar Y Azucar, 81: 34-37.

7:  Glaz, B., 1997. Sugarcane variety census. Sugar Y Azucar, 92: 18-28.

8:  Imran, M., G. Rahman and A. Qayyum, 1981. Two new promising varieties of sugarcane for Peshawar valley Pakistan. Front. J. Agric. Res., 8: 108-113.

9:  Inayatullah, S., 1983. Seasonal performance of sugarcane varieties at the Sugar Crops Research Institute, Mardan, Pakistan. Front. J. Agric. Res., 8: 36-40.

10:  Khan, B., 1984. Effect of various levels of NPK on yield and sugar contents of sugar cane in NWFP. Pak. J. Sci., 36: 83-86.

11:  Khan, B., M. Jamal, S. Rahman, Ahmad and M. Ali, 1998. S-82-US-710, a new sugar cane variety for the Southern areas of NWFP (Bannu and D.I.Khan Division). Proceedings of the 33rd Convention Pakistan Society of Sugar Technologists, August 24-25, 1998, Hotel Pearl Continental, Lahore, pp: 21-25.

12:  Khattak, R.A., A. Qayum, I. Muhammad, M. Ali and M. Pazir, 1986. Yield and quality performance of two sugar cane varieties in Peshawar region. Proceedings of the 22nd Convention Pakistan Society of Sugar Technologists, September 19-21, 1986, Peshawar, pp: 210-215.

13:  Lotula, M., 1982. Characteristics of varieties PR-1048 and N.51 168 Sukari (Zaire). Sugarcane J., 1: 31-31.

14:  Malik, K.B., 1998. Spread of unknown varieties-A warning to Punjab sugar industry. Pak. Sugar J., 13: 16-16.

15:  Naidu, V., C.B. Gopalan, P.R. Janardhan and P.M. Reddy, 1981. A new late maturing variety CO-62175 for Rayalseema, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Sugarcane J., 1: 32-32.

16:  Pazir, M. and M. Hatam, 1980. Seasonal patron of commercial cane sugar percentage in early, mid and late maturing sugarcane cultivars. Proceedings of 1st Regional Conference of Plant Scientists, (RCPS’80), Peshawar, pp: 166-174.

17:  Poltronieri, L.S., M.S. Costa and R.P. Deoliveira, 1982. Introduction and competition of sugar cane cultivars in the Transamazon Para region Brazil. Sugarcane J., 1: 31-31.

18:  Qayyum, A., A.R. Khattak, M. Pazir and G. Rehman, 1985. Performance of some exotic sugarcane varieties in the agro-climatic conditions of Peshawar valley, Pakistan. Front. J. Agric. Res., 10: 175-178.

19:  Rozeff, N., 1987. The sugarcane variety in Texas. Sugar Y Azucar, 82: 33-35.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved