Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

The Genus Cystoseira of Turkey: First Report of Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) A. Gomez Garreta, M.C. Barcelo, M.A. Ribera et J.R. Lluch



Ergun Taskin and Mehmet Ozturk
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

A revised list of the genus Cystoseira occurring in Turkey is being reported in this study. Also, Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) A. Gomez Garreta, M.C. Barcelo, M.A. Ribera et J.R. Lluch has been reported for the first time from Turkey. A total of 24 taxa (species and infraspecific) reported before from Turkey was listed.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Ergun Taskin and Mehmet Ozturk, 2007. The Genus Cystoseira of Turkey: First Report of Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) A. Gomez Garreta, M.C. Barcelo, M.A. Ribera et J.R. Lluch. Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 2: 410-416.

DOI: 10.3923/jfas.2007.410.416

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jfas.2007.410.416

INTRODUCTION

The genus Cystoseira was established by Agardh (1820), Cystoseira concatenata (L.) C. Agardh (Bas.: Fucus concatenatus L.) is the lectotype species of this genus. This species was reported as a synonym of Cystoseira foeniculacea (L.) Greville by Guiry (2006) and Gómez Garreta et al. (2001). There are 44 species names as current in the AlgaeBase species database at present (Guiry, 2006). However, Gómez Garreta et al. (2001) stated that Cystoseira includes about fifty species, the majority occuring in the Mediterranean Sea or Atlantic-Mediterranean. Also, Gómez Garreta et al. (2001) reported 20 species (27 taxa) in the Iberian Peninsula, most of which are present in the Mediterranean Sea. Forty seven taxa reported to occur in the Mediterranean Sea (Ribera et al. 1992), including 19 are endemic (Amico, 1995). Several studies including or dealing only with genus Cystoseira of the Mediterranean Sea have been made by Sauvageau (1912), Hamel (1939), Ercegovic (1952a), Zinova and Kalugina (1974), Gerloff and Nizamuddin (1976), Athanasiadis (1987) and Gómez Garreta et al. (2001).

Several studies have been made on the genus Cystoseira of Turkey (Guner, 1974; Aysel et al., 1993; Aysel, 1997; Öztürk, 1996; Öztürk and Taşkın, 1999). Twenty three taxa (species and infraspecific) have previously been reported to occur in the Turkish seas (Zeybek et al., 1993; Taşkın et al., 2003). This study reports the first record of a 24th species, viz., Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) A. Gómez Garreta, M.C. Barceló, M.A. Ribera and J.R. Lluch, in Turkey. This species is known from Italy, Sicily, Adriatic Sea, Greece and Balearic Islands (Ribera et al., 1992).

In this study the aim was that to prepare a revised list of the taxa of the genus Cystoseira occuring in Turkey with first report of Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Sampling was made from different localities of Turkey in the years 1980 to 2005. Voucher specimens are deposited in personal herbarium. Also evaluated all taxa (species and infraspecific) reported from Turkey by other authors. Plant photograph was taken using Sea and Sea G8000. For each species the phytogeographic element is given between brackets according to Furnari et al. (1999a), using the following abbreviations: Boreo-Atlantic (BA), Mediterranean (M) and Indo-Pasific (IP).

Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa was collected in the sublittoral zone, as an epilithic from Ayvalik (east Aegean Sea, Turkey) in March, 1983 by second author and was deposited in personal herbarium. The identification of C. foeniculacea f. latiramosa was made according to the account in Ercegovic (1952b) and Gómez Garreta et al. (2001).

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

The genus Cystoseira is represented in Turkey by 23 taxa (species and infraspecific) and the new taxon C. foeniculacea f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) A. Gómez Garreta, M.C. Barceló, M.A. Ribera and J.R. Lluch and including nineteen taxa are Mediterranean endemic specimens.

1.Cystoseira amentacea (C. Agardh) Bory var. amentacea (=Cystoseira ericoides var. amentacea C. Agardh; Cystoseira stricta var. amentacea (Bory) Giaccone). (M). Aysel (1997), Aysel et al. (1998a, b), Aysel et al. (1997), Guner et al. (1985), Zeybek et al. (1993).

2.Cystoseira amentacea var. spicata (Ercegovic) Giaccone (=Cystoseira spicata Ercegovic; Cystoseira spicata subsp. elegans Ercegovic). (M). Aysel et al. (1998) and Zeybek et al. (1993).

3.Cystoseira amentacea var. stricta Montagne (=Cystoseira stricta (Montagne) Sauvageau). (M). Zeybek et al. (1993), Öztürk (1996), Taşkın and Öztürk (2005).

4.Cystoseira barbata (Stackhouse) C.Agardh f. barbata (=Abrotanifolia barbata Stackhouse; Cystoseira hoppii C. Agardh). (IP). Aysel (1997), Aysel et al. (1993, 1996a, b, 1997 and 1998a, b), Öztürk (1996), Öztürk and Taşkın (1999), Zeybek et al. (1993), Guner et al. (1985), Taşkın and Öztürk (2005), Taşkın et al. (2003) and Aysel and Erdugan (1995).

5.Cystoseira barbata f. repens Zinova et Kalugina (=Cystoseira barbata f. aurantia (Kutzing) Giaccone). (M). Aysel et al. (1996a, b) and Aysel and Erdugan (1995).

6.Cystoseira compressa (Esper) Gerloff et Nizamuddin (=Fucus compressus Esper; Cystoseira abrotanifolia f. fimbriata Sauvageau; Cystoseira fimbriata Bory de Saint-Vincent; Cystoseira compressa subsp. rosetta Ercegovic). (BA). Aysed et al. (1993, 1996a, b, 1997 and 1998a, b), Aysel (1997), Guner et al. (1985), Zeybek et al. (1993), Öztürk and Taşkın (1999), Taşkın et al. (2003), Aysel and Erdugan (1995) and Taşkın and Öztürk (2005).

Note: Cystoseira abrotanifolia (Stackh.) C. Agardh and Cystoseira fimbriata (Desf.) Bory were cited as synonyms of this species by John et al. (2004).

7.Cystoseira corniculata (Turner) Zanardini (=Fucus ericoides var. corniculatus Turner). (IP). Aysel (1997), Aysel et al. (1997 and 1998a, b),Guner et al. (1985), Zeybek et al. (1993), Öztürk and Taşkın (1999), Öztürk (1996), Taşkın et al. (2003) and Aysel and Erdugan (1995).

8.Cystoseira crinita (Duby) Bory f. crinita (M). Aysel et al. (1993, 1997 and 1998), Aysel (1997), Guner et al. (1985), Zeybek et al. (1993), Aysel and Erdugan (1995), Öztürk and Taşkın (1999), Öztürk (1996) and Taşkın et al. (2003).

9.Cystoseira crinita f. bosphorica (Sauvageau) Zinova et Kalugina (=Cystoseira bosphorica Sauvageau). (M). Aysel et al. (1996a, b and 1998a, b) and Aysel and Erdugan (1995).

10.Cystoseira crinitophylla Ercegovic (M). Guven and Oztig (1971), Aysel (1997), Aysel et al. (1997 and 1998a, b), Guner et al. (1985) and Zeybek et al. (1993).

11.Cystoseira dubia Valiante (=Cystoseira fucoides Ercegovic). (M). Aysel (1997), Aysel et al. (1998), Guner et al. (1985) and Zeybek et al. (1993).

12.Cystoseira elegans Sauvageau (M). Aysel (1997), Aysel et al. (1993, 1997 and 1998a, b), Guner et al. (1985), Zeybek et al. (1993) and Öztürk (1996).

Note: Since no holotype was indicated by Sauvageau (1912), Furnari et al. (1999b) designated as lectotype one species from Sauvageau Herbarium.

13.Cystoseira foeniculacea (L.) Greville f. foeniculacea (=Fucus foeniculaceus L.; Cystoseira concatenata (L.) C. Agardh; Cystoseira discors (L.) C. Agardh; Cystoseira abrotanifolia (L.) C. Agardh; Cystoseira ercegovicii Giaccone). (BA). Guven and Oztig (1971), Aysel et al. (1993a, b, 1996, 1997 and 1998a, b), Aysel (1997), Guner et al. (1985), Zeybek et al. (1993), Öztürk (1996), Taşkın and Öztürk (2005), Öztürk and Taşkın (1999), Taşkın et al. (2003) and Aysel and Erdugan (1995).

14.Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) A. Gómez Garreta, M.C. Barceló, M.A. Ribera and J.R. Lluch (=Cystoseira discors subsp. latiramosa Ercegovic 1952a; Cystoseira ercegovicii f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) Giaccone; Cystoseira ercegovicii f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) Giaccone in Amico et al., Cystoseira schiffneri f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) Giaccone in Gallardo). (M).

Turkish plants to 25 cm long, caespitose, axes surrounded by spines, tophules absent, primary and secondary branches compressed, 3-4 mm wide. This species differs from other varieties by its all branches flattened (Fig. 1). Plants were collected in the sublittoral zone from Ayvalik (Aegean Sea,Turkey).


Image for - The Genus Cystoseira of Turkey: First Report of Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) A. Gomez Garreta, M.C. Barcelo, M.A. Ribera et J.R. Lluch
Fig. 1: Habit of Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa

Note: Cystoseira foeniculacea f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) A. Gómez Garreta, M.C. Barceló, M.A. Ribera and J.R. Lluch was first described by Ercegovic (1952a) as Cystoseira discors subsp. latiramosa from the Adriatic Sea. Later this species was recognized as Cystoseira ercegovicii f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) Giaccone in Amico et al. (1985) and recently Cystoseira schiffneri f. latiramosa (Ercegovic) Giaccone in Gallardo (1992) by Giaccone. This species recorded only from the Mediterranean Sea (Ribera et al., 1992).

15.Cystoseira foeniculacea f. tenuiramosa A. Gómez Garreta, M.C. Barceló, M.A. Ribera and J.R. Lluch (=Cystoseira discors f. tenuiramosa Ercegovic; Cystoseira ercegovicii f. tenuiramosa (Ercegovic) Giaccone; Cystoseira schiffneri f. tenuiramosa (Ercegovic) Giaccone). (M). Guner et al. (1985), Zeybek et al. (1993), Aysel (1997).

Note: Cystoseira discors and Cystoseira ercegovicii are currently treated as synonyms of C. schiffneri (Ribera et al., 1992), it is very unlikely that the numerous Mediterranean records of these entities refer to the autonym C. schiffneri var. schiffneri; for Italy the only confirmed record of C. schiffneri var. schiffneri are those from Sicily (Furnari et al., 1999). Very probably most Mediterranean records of C. discors and C. ercegovicii must be referred to the widespread form tenuiramosa (Guiry, 2006). Although C. discors was reported from Izmir, Turkey by Guner (1974), it is probably form tenuiramosa. Also, C. ercegovicii was reported from the Aegean Sea by Sukatar (1992), it is C. foeniculacea. Both C. discors and C. ercegovicii were cited as synonyms of C. schiffneri in Turkey.

16.Cystoseira funkii Schiffner ex Gerloff et Nizamuddin (M). Öztürk (1996).

Note: Giaccone (1985) proposed the synonymy of tophulous and nontophulous forms of C. funkii with C. jabukae Ercegovic and C. mediterranea var. valiantei Sauvageau. But Verlaque et al. (1999) reported that C. funkii and C. jabukae should not be conspecific. However, Gómez Garreta et al. (2001) cited these two species are synonym. C. funkii was reported from Turkey by Öztürk (1996).

17.Cystoseira humilis Kützing (=Cystoseira compressa var. pustulata Ercegovic; Cystoseira pumila Kützing; Cystoseira canariensis Sauvageau; Cystoseira abrotanifolia subsp. pustulata Ercegovic). (BA). Aysel (1997a, b) and Aysel et al. (1998a, b).

Note: C. humilis was reported in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea only from Turkey by Aysel (1997), Aysel et al. (1998). Cystoseira epiphytica Schiffner ex Gerloff et Nizamuddin was described from Adriatic Sea by Gerloff and Nizamuddin (1976) but Giaccone (1985) wrote that this species is a juvenile form of C. humilis. And this species was recorded as a taxon inquirendum by Ribera et al. (1992). C. compressa var. pustulata Ercegovic was not cited as a synonyms of C. humilis by Gómez Garreta et al. (2001).

18.Cystoseira mediterranea Sauvageau var. mediterranea (M). Aysel et al. (1993), Aysel (1997), Aysel et al. (1997), Zeybek et al. (1993), Öztürk and Taşkın (1999) and Taşkın et al. (2003).

19.Cystoseira mediterranea var. valiantei Sauvageau (M). Aysel (1997 and Aysel et al. (1998a, b).

Note: This species was reported from France and Italy in the Mediterranean Sea (Ribera et al., 1992). Lectotype locality (Baynuls-sur.mer, France) and lectotype were given by Gómez Garreta and Ribera (2005).

20.Cystoseira sauvageauana G. Hamel (=Cystoseira selaginioides var. polyoedematis Sauvageau). (M). Aysel et al. (1993).

21.Cystoseira spinosa Sauvageau (=Cystoseira erica-marina (S.G. Gmelin) Naccari; Cystoseira adriatica Sauvageau). (M). Guven and Oztig (1971) and Aysel et al. (1993).

22.Cystoseira squarrosa De Notaris (=Cystoseira spinosa var. squarrosa (De Notaris) Giaccone). (M). Aysel (1997) and Aysel et al. (1998a, b).

Note: C. squarrosa was cited as rare and little known species in the Mediterranean Sea by Alongi et al. (2002). This species was reported from France, Adriatic Sea, Sicily, Greece and Maltese (Ribera et al., 1992; Alongi et al., 2002). However, plants of Greece belong to Cystoseira corniculata (Alongi et al., 2002).

23.Cystoseira tamariscifolia (Hudson) Papenfuss (=Cystoseira selaginoides (L.) Zanardini; Cystoseira ericoides (L.) C. Agardh). (BA). Aysel et al. (1993).

Note: This species was reported in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea only from Turkey by Aysel et al. (1993).

24.Cystoseira zosteroides (C.Agardh) Greville (=Cystoseira opuntioides Bory de Saint-Vincent ex Montagne). (M). Aysel et al. (1993).

REFERENCES

1:  Agardh, C.A., 1820. Species Algarum. Vol. 1, Part 1. Berling, Lund

2:  Alongi, G., M. Catra, M. Cormaci and G. Furnari, 2002. Observations on Cystoseira squarrosa De Notaris (Fucophyceae, Fucales), a rare and little known Mediterranean species and its typification. Botanica Marina, 45: 530-535.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Amico, V., G. Giaccone, P. Colonna, A.M. Mannino and R. Randazzo, 1985. Un nuovo approccio allo studio della sistematica del genere Cystoseira C. Agardh (Phaeophyta, Fucales). Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, 18: 887-985.

4:  Amico, V., 1995. Marine brown algae of family Cystoseiraceae: Chemistry and chemotaxonomy. Phytochemistry, 39: 1257-1279.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

5:  Athanasiadis, A., 1987. A Survey of the Seaweeds of the Aegean Sea with Taxonomic Studies on Species of the Tribe Antithamnieae (Rhodophyta). Akademisk Avhandling for Filosofie Doktorsexamen I Marin Botanik. Botaniska Institutionen, Goteberg, pp: 1-174

6:  Aysel, V., H. Guner and B. Dural, 1993. The flora of the Sea of Marmara, Turkey, II. Phaeophyta and Rhodophyta. J. Fish. Aqua. Sci., Ege Univ., 10: 115-167.

7:  Aysel, V. and H. Erdugan, 1995. Check-list of Black Sea seaweeds, Turkiye (1823-1994). Turk. J. Bot., 19: 545-554.

8:  Aysel, V., B. Dural, A. Sukatar, H. Guner and H. Erdugan, 1996. Marine algae of Zonguldak (Black Sea, Turkey). XIII. Ulusal Biyo. Kong. (17-20 Eylul 1996, Istanbul). Hidrobiyoloji Seksiyonu, 5: 311-321.

9:  Aysel, V., H. Erdugan, A. Sukatar, H. Guner and M. Ozturk, 1996. Bartin deniz algleri (Karadeniz, Turkiye). Turk. J. Bot., 20: 251-258.

10:  Aysel, V., 1997. Marine flora of the Turkish Mediterranean Coast. II. Brown algae (Phaeophyceae). Turk. J. Bot., 21: 329-334.

11:  Aysel, V., B. Dural, A. Gonuz, A. Artuk and K.C. Duzyatan, 1997. Marine Flora of Urla Port and around (Izmir Bay, Aegean Sea, Turkey). IX. Ulusal Su Urunleri Sempozyumu (18-19 Eylul 1997. Egirdir/Isparta) Kitapcigi, pp: 340-350.

12:  Aysel, V., V. Cetingul, K.C. Duzyatan, A. Artuk and E. Gunhan, 1998. Patara-Kalkan (Antalya, Akdeniz, Turkiye) arasi deniz florasi. C.B.U. Fen-Ed. Fak. Derg. Fen Bil. Ser. (Biyo.), 1: 98-105.

13:  Aysel, V., B. Dural, A. Gonuz and E.S. Okudan, 1998. Kirklareli (Karadeniz, Trakya, Turkiye) deniz floras2, XIV. Ulusal Biyo. Kong. Kitab2 Cilt, II: 333-342.

14:  Ercegovic, A., 1952. Jadranske cistozire. Split. Fauna Flora Jadrana, 2: 1-212.

15:  Ercegovic, A., 1952. Sur les Cystoseira adriatiques: Leur morphologie, ecologie et evolution. Institut d'Oceanographie et de Peche Split, pp: 1-212.

16:  Furnari, G., M. Cormaci and G. Alongi, 1999. Lectotypification of Cystoseira algeriensis J. Feldmann and Cystoseira elegans Sauvageau (Cystoseirceae, Phaeophyta). Cryptogamie, Algol., 20: 19-23.

17:  Furnari, G., M. Cormaci and D. Serio, 1999. Catalogue of the benthic marine macroalgae of the Italian coast of the Adriatic Sea. Bocconea, 12: 5-214.

18:  Gerloff, J. and M. Nizamuddin, 1976. New species of the genus Cystoseira C. Agardh. Nova Hedwigia, 27: 165-182.

19:  Giaccone, G., 1985. Una nova specie mediterranea del genere Cystoseira C. Agardh (Phaeophyta, Fucales): C. hyblaea G. Giaccone, con osservazioni critiche su alcune entita tassonomiche poco note o imperfettamente des critte. Boll. Accad. Gioenia Sci. Nat. Catania, 18: 429-442.

20:  Gomez Garreta, A., M.C. Barcelo i Marti, M.A. Ribera Siguan and J. Rull Lluch, 2001. Cystoseira C. Agardh. In: Flora Phycologica Iberica, Gomez, G.A, (Ed.), Vol. 1, Murcia: Universidad de Murcia, Fucales, pp: 99-166

21:  Gomez Garreta, A. and M.A. Ribera, 2005. Lectotypification of several taxa of Cystoseira (Cystoseiraceae, Fucales) described by Sauvageau. Cryptogamie, Algologie, 26: 135-147.
Direct Link  |  

22:  Guiry, M.D., 2006. Algae Base Version 4.1. World-Wide Electronic Publication, National University of Ireland, Galway

23:  Guner, H., 1974. Izmir Korfezi Cystoseira turleri ve bunlarin esem durumlari ile teskil ettikleri birliklerin kalitatif-kantitatif degerlendirilmesi. Ege Universitesi, Fen Fakultesi. Docentlik Tezi, pp: 1-102.

24:  Guner, H., V. Aysel, A. Sukatar and M. Ozturk, 1985. Turkiye ege denizi florasi. I. Mavi-Yesil, yesil, esmer algler ve kapali tohumlular. Doga Bilim Dergisi, 9: 272-279.

25:  Guven, K.C. and F. Oztig, 1971. Uber die marinen Algen an den Kusten der Turkei. Botanica Marina, 14: 121-128.

26:  Hamel, G., 1939. Phaeophyceae de France. Fasc. V, Paris, pp: 337-432

27:  John, D., G.W. Lawson, W.F. Prudhomme van Reine, T.B. Kostermans and J. Price, 2004. A taxonomic and geographical catalogue of the seaweeds of the western coast of Africa and adjacent islands. Beihefte zur Nova Hedwigia, 127: 1-339.
Direct Link  |  

28:  Ozturk, M., 1996. Taxonomy and distribution of Fucales (Phaeophyta) members on Aegean and Mediterranean coasts of Turkey. Turk. J. Bot., 20: 109-118.

29:  Ozturk, M. and E. Taokin, 1999. Taxonomy and Distribution of Phaeophyta (Brown Algae) of Iskenderun Gulf (Hatay Shores/Turkey). Cukurova University Su Urunleri Fak., X. Ulusal Su Urunleri Sempozyumu (22-24 Eylul 1999, Adana), 2: 856-864.

30:  Ribera, M.A., A. Gomez Garreta, T. Gallardo, M. Cormaci, G. Furnari and G. Giaccone, 1992. Check-list of Mediterranean Seaweeds. II. Fucophyceae. Botanica Marina, 35: 109-130.

31:  Sauvageau, C., 1912. A propos des Cystoseira de Banyuls et Guethary. Bull. Stat. Biol. Arcachon, 14: 133-556.

32:  Sukatar, A., 1992. The ecology of economically important algal groups growing along the coasts of south Aegean region (between Cesme-Marmaris). Ph.D Thesis, Ege Universitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitusu, pp: III+142.

33:  Taokin, E., M. Ozturk, O. Kurt and M. Ozturk, 2003. Marine algae of kilitbahir shore (Gelibolu, Canakkale, Turkey). Pak. J. Bot., 35: 53-59.
Direct Link  |  

34:  Taokin, E. and M. Ozturk, 2005. The marine algae of ayvalik (Aegean Sea, Turkey). Proc. Int. Conf. Mediterranean Coastal Environ., 1: 567-580.

35:  Verlaque, M., E. Ballesteros, E. Sala and J. Garrabou, 1999. Cystoseira jabukae (Cystoseiraceae, Fucophyceae) from Corsica (Mediterranean) with notes on the previously misunderstood species C. funkii. Phycologia, 38: 77-86.

36:  Zeybek, N., H. Guner and V. Aysel, 1993. The marine algae of Turkey. Proceedings of the 5th Optima Meeting Istanbul, September 8-15, 1993, Istanbul, pp: 169-197

37:  Zinova, A.D. and A.A. Kalugina, 1974. Systematics of Cystoseira Ag. from the Black Sea. Novosti Sistematiki Nizshikh Rastenij Botanicheskij Institut, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 11: 116-125.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved