Studies on Pentatomidae and Scutelleridae (Heteroptera) Fauna of Isparta Province (Turkey)
O. Demirozer ,
Pentatomidae and Scutelleridae (Heteroptera) fauna of Isparta province were studied between 2000 and 2005. The samples were collected from different plants, on the ground, under the stones and in debris both from cultivated and non cultivated areas. A total of 18 species, of which 14 species belonging to Pentatomidae and 4 species belonging to Scutelleridae were determined. Among those Eurygaster maura (Linnaeus) (Scutelleridae) and Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda) (Pentatomidae) were the common species.
Scutelleridae and Pentatomidae fauna of Turkey is quite abundant and in the previous studies of Gadeau de Kerville (1939), Hoberlandt (1955), Seidenstücker (1958), Linnavuori (1965), Gül-Zümreoğlu (1972), Lodos et al. (1978, 1998), Önder et al. (1983, 2006), Fent and Aktaç (1999), Awad and Pehlivan (2001), Özsaraç and Kıyak (2001) and Kıyak et al. (2004), many species were determined belonging to Turkish Heteroptera fauna.
Isparta province is located in an area connecting three climatic regions of Turkey. Those are Mediterranean, Aegean and Middle Anatolian regions which have effects on the biodiversity of flora and fauna in this province. In previous studies (Gül-Zümreoğlu, 1972; Tuatay et al., 1972; Lodos et al., 1978) have recorded some species belonging to Scutelleridae and Pentatomidae in these regions. On the other hand, these studies were not focused on the fauna of Isparta province. The purpose of the study was to determine Scutelleridae and Pentatomidae fauna of Isparta province.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Insects have been collected from different locations at the following sampling locations of Isparta during the years of 2000-2005: Central province, Atabey, Eğirdir, Gönen, Senirkent, Çünür, Gölcük, Uluborlu, Findos, KirazlIdere and Davraz Mountain (1250 m) (Fig. 1). Materials were collected on the ground, under stones and debris. The information concerning specific name, describer and description date, locality and date of collection, plant on which the species were collected, determinant and number of species (in brackets) was given. Samplings were made by using different methods such as knock down method (Steiner, 1962), sweeping net and by hand. Collected materials were put into jars containing ethyl acetate and then they were relaxed and pinned. Material preserved in the collections of EMIT (Entomological Museum of Isparta, Turkey) in Süleyman Demirel University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Plant Protection.
|| Map of Isparta province
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
At the end of this study a total of 18 species belonging to 13 genera were determined.
Information on the studied material is given below in alphabetical order within each family.
A. Family: PENTATOMIDAE (Leach, 1815)
Genus 1: Acrosternum (Fieber, 1860)
Acrosternum heegeri (Fieber, 1861)
Material: Atabey, 12.x.2000, Prunus amygdalus (L.), (1). Total
Genus 2: Apodiphus (Spinola, 1837)
Apodiphus amygdali (Germar, 1817)
Material: Central province, 11.x.2000, Prunus amygdalus (L.) (3);
12.viii.2002, (1); 13.viii.2002, (1); 21.ix.2005, weeds, (1); Atabey, 17.x.2000,
Prunus amygdalus (L.), (1); 21.x.2000, (1);
16.xi.2000, (1); Gönen, 12.viii.2002, weeds, (2); Uluborlu, 11.vi.2002,
Prunus amygdalus (L.), (1). Total 12 specimens.
Genus 3: Carpocoris (Kolenati, 1846)
Carpocoris mediterraneus (Tamanini, 1958)
Material: Central province, 06.vii.2004, weeds, (2); 09.vii.2004, (1);
22.vii.2004, (1); Atabey, 14.vii.2002, weeds, (1). Total 5 specimens.
Carpocoris purpureipennis (De Geer, 1773)
Material: Central province, 03.x.2005, weeds, (3); Findos, 21.vii.2003,
Cirsium sp., (2); Gölcük, 11.vi.2003, weeds, (3); Gönen,
21.vi.2005, Cirsium sp., (4). Total 12 specimens.
Genus 4: Codophila (Mulsant and Rey, 1866)
Codophila varia (Fabricius, 1787)
Material: Atabey, 06.x.2001, weeds, (3). Total 3 specimens.
Genus 5: Dolycoris (Mulsant and Rey, 1866)
Dolycoris baccarum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Material: Central province, 07.xi.2005, weeds, (3); 11.xii.2005, (2);
Atabey, 25.xi.2000, Rosa sp., (5); Çünür, 23.viii.2005,
weeds, (4). Total 14 specimens.
Genus 6: Eurydema (Laporte de Castelnau, 1833)
Eurydema blandum (Horvath, 1903)
Material: Central province, 04.x.2003, weeds, (2); 14.vii.2004, (2);
KirazlIdere, 12.vi.2001, weeds, (2); Uluborlu, 08.vi.2005, weeds, (3); Senirkent,
08.vi.2005, weeds, (4). Total 13 specimens.
Eurydema ornatum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Material: Central province, 22.vii.2004, Cruciferous plants, (5); 13.x.2000,
weeds, (4); 26.vi.2003, (3); 19.vii.2004, (1); Atabey, 13.x.2000, Cruciferous
plants, (5); Sütçüler (ÇandIr), 30.iv.2002, weeds, (3).
Total 21 specimens.
Eurydema ventrale (Kolenati, 1846)
Material: Central province, 09.vii.2004, weeds, (3); 03.vii.2005, (2);
Atabey, 26.vi.2002, weeds, (2); Davraz Mountain (1250 m); 12.vi.2004, weeds,
(4). Total 11 specimens.
Genus 7: Eysarcoris (Hahn, 1834)
Eysarcoris inconspicuus (Herrich-Schaffer, 1844)
Material: Eğirdir, 23.vii.2004, weeds, (2). Total 2 specimens.
Genus 8: Holcogaster (Fieber, 1860)
Holcogaster exilis (Horvath, 1903)
Material: Atabey, 07.xi.2000, weeds, (1). Total 1 specimen.
Genus 9: Mustha (Amyot and Serville, 1843)
Mustha spinosula (Lefebvre, 1831)
Material: Central province, 12.viii.2002, Prunus amygdalus (L.),
(4); Atabey, 08.x.2000, Cupressus sp., (2). Total 6 specimens.
Genus 10: Rhaphigaster (Laporte de Castelnau, 1833)
Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda, 1761)
Material: Central province, 08.xi.2001, Prunus amygdalus (L.),
(5); 12.x.2003, weeds, (3); Atabey, 22.ix.2000, Prunus amygdalus (L.),
(4); 08.x.2000, (4); 25.x.2000, (4); 26.vii.2001, (2);
12.x.2000, weeds, (2); 18.x.2000, (1); 07.xi.2000, (1); 11.xi.2000, (2); 25.xi.2000,
(1); 09.x.2001, (3); Gönen, 12.viii.2002, weeds, (5). Total 6 specimens.
Genus 11: Stagonomus (Gorski, 1852)
Stagonomus amoenus (Brullé, 1832)
Çünür (The East Campus Süleyman Demirel University), 24.v.2004,
weeds, (3). Total 3 specimens.
B. Family: SCUTELLERIDAE (Leach, 1815)
Genus 1: Eurygaster (Laporte de Castelnau, 1833)
Eurygaster austriaca (Schrank, 1776)
Material: Central province, 27.ix.2003, debris, (2); Gölcük,
19.x.2003, under stone, (2). Total 4 specimens.
Eurygaster integriceps (Puton, 1881)
Material: Central province, 13.viii.2002, poaceous plants, (4); 22.ix.2003,
(2); 07.vii.2004, (3); Gönen, 12.vii.2002, poaceous plants, (6). Total
Eurygaster maura (Linnaeus, 1758)
Material: Central province, 21.vii.2003, poaceous plants, (6); 01.iv.2004,
(3); 07.vii.2004, (4); 21.vii.2004, (4); 27.ix.2004, (6). Total 5 specimens.
Genus 2: Odontotarsus (Laporte de Castelnau, 1833)
Odontotarsus karatasensis (Hoberlandt, 1955)
Material: Central province, 12.vii.2003, weeds, (4). Total 4 specimens.
At the end of this study, 2 species belonging to Scutelleridae (Eurygaster
austriaca Schrank, E. integriceps Puton) and 7 species belonging
to Pentatomidae (Acrosternum heegeri Fieber, Apodiphus amygdali Germar,
Codophila varia Fabricius, Eurydema blandum Horvath, E.
ventrale Kolenati, Holcogaster exilis Horvath, Stagonomus amoenus
Brulle) were determined as new records for the local fauna of Isparta.
||The List of the species of scutelleridae and Pentatomidae
fauna of isparta province, A: Previous records B: Determined in this study
|+: Sing denotes that species have been observed, - : denotes
that species have not been observed
According to the previous studies by Gül-Zümreoğlu (1972),
Tuatay et al. (1972) and Lodos et al. (1978), 19 species were
recorded belonging to Scutelleridae and Pentatomidae families from Isparta province.
Among those species 8 of them were also found in this study. The number of species
belonging to Pentatomidae increased to 22 and species belonging to Scutelleridae
increased to 7. They were given in Table 1.
In conclusion, Eurygaster maura (Linnaeus) belonging to Scutellaridae and Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda) belonging to Pentatomidae were found the most common species in the investigated area.
This study was carried out with financial support of the State Planning Organization (Project number: 2002K 120590-3). We thank Dr. Meral FENT for the identification of materials.
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