Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Fulltext PDF
Research Article

Effect of Industrial Effluents on Seed Germination and Early Growth of Cicer arientum

Sofia Nawaz , Syeda Maria Ali and Azra Yasmin

The aim of this study was to determine the effects of different effluents on seed germination and early growth of plants. Water samples were collected from three different industries of Rawalpindi, which were Koh-e-Noor textile mill (KNM), Marble Industry (MI) and Attock Refinery Limited (ARL). Two different varieties of Cicer arientum (P-91 and P-2000) were selected to grow in these effluents. Physicochemical parameters (pH, temperature, Dissolved Oxygen (DO), conductivity, turbidity, Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Total Suspended Solids (TSS) etc.) of these samples were analyzed. Both varieties were grown in different dilutions of effluents. With t he increase in effluent concentration, growth of plants was found more affected in Koh-e-Noor mill effluent while, less effect was seen in Marble and ARL effluents. Increase in root and shoot lengths were observed in these effluents at different concentrations. Fresh weight was less in Koh-e-Noor mill effluent as compared to control while in other two effluents both increases and decreases in dry weight were observed. Dry weights of plants were greater in most of the treatments. Variety P-91 was more tolerant as compared to P-2000.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Sofia Nawaz , Syeda Maria Ali and Azra Yasmin , 2006. Effect of Industrial Effluents on Seed Germination and Early Growth of Cicer arientum. Journal of Biological Sciences, 6: 49-54.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2006.49.54


Agarwal, S.K., T. Swarnlata and P.S. Dubey, 1996. Sources of Water Pollution. APH Publishing Corporation, New Dehli, pp: 180-182.

Anonymous, 1981. Guideline for Assessing Industrial Environmental Impact and Environmental Criteria for the Silting of Industry. UNEP Industry and Environment, Geneva.

Bernard, J. and T.W. Wright, 1998. Environmental Sciences (The Way the World Work). 6th Edn., Prentice Mall, New Jersy.

Clesceri, L.S., A.E. Greenberg and D.A. Eaton, 1998. Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater. 20th Edn., APHA American Public Health Association, Washington DC., USA.

Fargo, L.L. and R.W. Fleming, 1977. Effects of chromate and cadmium on most probable number estimates of nitrifying bacteria in activated sludge. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxiciol., 18: 350-354.
CrossRef  |  

Hewitts, E.J., 1963. Mineral Nutrition of Plants. In: Culture Media, Stewart, F.C. (Ed.). Academic Press, New York, USA., pp: 97-120.

Iqbal, T.M.T. and M.L. Smith, 1996. Physiological changes of pea seeds quality due to aging. Ann. Bangla Agric., 6: 27-34.

Irshad, A., S. Ali and M.R. Jan, 1997. Physico chemical studies of industrial pollutants. Proceedings of the NSMTCC 97 on Environment Pollution, Feb. 24-26, Islamabad, Pakistan, pp: 93-100.

Itanna, F., 1998. Metal concentration of some vegetables irrigated with industrial liquid waste at Akaki, Ethiopia. Ethiopian J. Sci., 21: 133-144.

Kiang, Y.H. and A.A. Metray, 1982. Hazardous waste processing technology. Ann. Arbor. Sci., pp: 245.

Malik, S.A., T.Z. Bokhari, A.A. Dasti, and S.Z.N. Abidi, 2003. Effect of waste water effluent from a tannery on the growth of some crop plants. Asian J. Plant Sci., 2: 623-626.

Moeller, D.W., 1992. Environmental Health. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

National Research Council Committee on Pollution, 1977. Waste Management and Control. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC., pp: 275.

Ramamoorthy, K., D. Kalavathi and M. Paramasivam, 1992. Maintenance of vigour and availability of stored pea seeds. J. Agron. Crop Sci., 169: 223-228.
Direct Link  |  

Rao, G.M. and N.M. Kumar, 1983. Impact of tannery effluents on seed germination in Cicer arientum. Poll. Res. J., 2: 33-37.

Rao, J.G., 1980. Air Pollution. In: Environmental Impact Analyses Hand Book, Rao, J.G. and D.C. Wooten (Eds.). McGraw Hill, New York, pp: 1.1-1.45.

Rozzi, A., M. Antonelli and M. Arcari, 1999. Membrane treatment of secondary textile effluents for direct reuse. Adv. Water Treatment Recycl. Reuse, 40: 409-416.
Direct Link  |  

Santiniketan, M.R. and V. Bharati, 1994. Industrial pollution of irrigation water. Proceedings of the 20th WEDC Conference, Aug. 22-26, Colombo, Sri Lanka, pp: 432-435.

Shakra, S.A. and B.A. Aqil, 1970. Observation of germination of tea seed as influenced by soaking shell removal and shell cracking. Int. Seed Test Assoc., 35: 631-631.

Srivastava, R.K., A. Ayachi, M. Pandya and B. Khare, 1991. Effects of ordinance factory effluents on seed germination and early growth. J. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Monit., 1: 13-18.

Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1981. Principles and Procedures of Statistics a Biometrical Approach. McGraw Hill, Int. Book Co., UK.

Terry, L.A., 1996. Water pollution. Environ. Law. Prac., 4: 19-29.

Visser, T. and L.M. Tillekeratne, 1958. Tea quality. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 29: 30-30.

WHO., 1971. International Standards for Drinking-Water. 3rd Edn., World Health Organization (WHO),, Geneva, Switzerland.

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract