Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Effect of Landform and Irrigation Frequency on Cotton (Gossypium) Yield in Semi-arid Zimbabwe



F.T. Mugabe and F. Munyanyi
 
ABSTRACT

The effect of planting irrigated cotton on Tied Ridge (TR) and Flat (F) under three irrigation frequencies (75, 40 and 30% Depletion of Available Moisture, DAM) on yield and water use efficiency was studied at Chiredzi Research Station for two seasons 1990/91 and 1991/92. Growing cotton on tied ridges gave 19 and 35% more yield than on flat in the 1990/91 and 1991/92 seasons, respectively. More available moisture due to water collection on tied ridges as compared to flat was given as the reason for the yield increase. Yields were not affected by frequency of irrigation.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

F.T. Mugabe and F. Munyanyi , 2004. Effect of Landform and Irrigation Frequency on Cotton (Gossypium) Yield in Semi-arid Zimbabwe. Journal of Biological Sciences, 4: 668-670.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2004.668.670

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2004.668.670

REFERENCES
Ahuja, L.R., F. Fiedler, G.H. Dunn, J.G. Benjamin and A. Garirson, 1998. Changes in soil water retention curves due to tillage and natural reconsolidation. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 62: 1228-1233.

Cassel, D.K., 1983. Spatial and temporal variability of soil physical properties following tillage on Norfolk loamy sand. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 47: 196-2001.

Larson, W.E., 1964. Soil parameters for evaluating tillage needs and operations. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 28: 119-122.

Leonard, J. and P. Andrieux, 1998. Infiltration characteristics of soils in Mediterranean vineyards in Southern France. Catena, 32: 209-223.
Direct Link  |  

Logsdon, S.D., R.R. Allmaras, L. Wu, J.B. Swan and G.W. Randall, 1990. Macroporosity and its relation to saturated hydraulic conductivity under different tillage practices. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 54: 1096-1101.

Mapa, R.B., R.E. Green and L. Santo, 1986. Temporal variability of soil hydraulic properties with wetting and drying subsequent to tillage. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 50: 1133-1138.
Direct Link  |  

Mwendera, E.J. and J. Feyen, 1993. Predicting tillage effects on infiltration. Soil Sci., 155: 229-235.

Mwendera, E.J. and J. Feyen, 1994. Effects of tillage and rainfall on soil surface roughness and properties. Soil Technol., 7: 99-103.

Nyagumbo, I., 2002. The effect of three tillage systems on seasonal water budgets and drainage of two Zimbabwean soils under maize. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe.

Nyakatawa, E.Z., 1996. Rain water and soil fertility management for sustainable cropping on sandy soils in semi-arid South East Zimbabwe. J. Sustainable Agric., 7: 19-34.
Direct Link  |  

Nyamudeza, P., 1996. The effect of growing sorghum (Sorghum bicolour) in furrow and on the flat at three populations and three row width in a semi-arid region in Zimbabwe. I. Grain yield componets. Zimbabwe J. Agric. Res., 31: 1-10.

Reynolds, W.D., E.G. Gregorich and W.E. Curnoe, 1995. Characterization of water transmission properties in tilled and untilled soils using tension infiltrometers. Soil Tillage Res., 33: 117-131.

Twomlow, S.T. and P.M.C. Bruneau, 2000. The influence of tillage on semi-arid and soil water regimes in Zimbabwe. Geoderma, 95: 33-51.
Direct Link  |  

Vogel, H., 1993. Tillage effects on maize yields, rooting depth and soil water content on sandy soils in Zimbabwe. Field Crops Res., 33: 367-384.
CrossRef  |  

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract