Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Studies on Fillet Composition of Fresh Water Farmed Labeo rohita in Relation to Body Size, Collected from Government Fish Seed Hatchery Mian Channu Pakistan

Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Saima Goher , Kamran Tassaduqe and Muhammad Latif
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The present study was carried out to investigate the fillet composition of fresh water farmed Labeo rohita in relation to body size. For this purpose forty-five specimens ranged in total length from 15.6 to 31.5 cm and in weight from 36.82 to 350.17 g were collected from Government Fish Seed Hatchery Mian Channu during November 2001. After the removal of head, scales, fins and viscera, the remaining trunk (processing yield) was cut into fore, mid and hind fillets. Each fillet was dried and powdered for the analysis of dry mass, water mass, ash content, organic content (all on percentage basis). There was a good correlation between water content (%) and other constituents (% ash, % organic mass) of the processing yield. Body mass and total length significantly affect the processing yield and nutrient constituents. Equations were developed to describe the relationships between body constituents and body mass and length. ANOVA was applied to assess the difference among the body composition parameters. Significant differences were found in these fillets, which indicates the quantitative and qualitative nature of fillets for nutritive purposes.

Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Muhammad Ali , Abdus Salam , Saima Goher , Kamran Tassaduqe and Muhammad Latif , 2004. Studies on Fillet Composition of Fresh Water Farmed Labeo rohita in Relation to Body Size, Collected from Government Fish Seed Hatchery Mian Channu Pakistan . Journal of Biological Sciences, 4: 40-46.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2004.40.46



1:  Ahmad, M.F. and M.S. Niazi, 1998. Important Edible Fishes of Pakistan Zoo. Survey Department, Govt of Pakistan, Karachi, Pakistan, pp: 33-81

2:  Amanullah, A.S. and M.N. Bhatti, 1999. Effect of size on the processing yield components of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (Val.). Acta. Sci., 9: 33-50.

3:  Caulton, M.S. and E. Bursell, 1977. The relationship between changes in condition and body composition in young Tilapia rendalli boulenga. J. Fish Biol., 11: 143-153.

4:  Chatta, A.M. and A. Salam, 1993. Growth performance of rohu, labeo rohita (Ham.) under semiintensive farming: An ecological approach. Proceedings of Pakistan Congress of Zoology, (PCZ'93), Pakistan, pp: 13-36

5:  Clement, S. and R.T. Lovell, 1994. Comparison of processing yield and nutrient composition of cultured Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) and channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus). Aquaculture, 119: 299-310.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

6:  Cui, Y. and R.J. Wootton, 1988. Bioenergetics of growth of cyprinid Phoxinos phoxinus (L.), the effect of ration and temperature on growth rate and efficiency. J. Fish Biol., 33: 763-773.

7:  Elliott, J.M., 1976. Body composition of brown trout, Salmo trutta L. in relation to temperature and ration size. J. Comp. Physiol., 114: 191-202.

8:  Groves, T.D.D., 1970. Body composition changes during growth in young sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) in fresh water. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 27: 929-942.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Hile, R., 1936. Age and growth of cisco, Lencichthys artedi (Le Sueur) in the lakes of the North Eastern Highlands, Wisconsin. Bull. Bureau Fish., 48: 211-337.

10:  Huxley, J.S., 1932. Problems of Relative Growth. Methuen, London, pp: 101-164

11:  Javaid, M.Y., A. Salam, M. M. Khan and M. Naeem, 1992. Body composition of male population of Oreochromis niloticus from a reservoir in relation to body weight and condition factor. Proc. Pak. Congr. Zool., 12: 325-333.

12:  Kulikov, P.I., 1978. Production of Meat Oil, Protein and Vitamin Preparations in the Fishing Industry. 2nd Edn., Amerind Publishing Co., Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, pp: 44-49

13:  Love, R.M., 1970. The Chemical Biology of Fishes. Academic Press, London, pp: 1-78

14:  Marais, J.F.K. and T. Erasmus, 1977. Body composition of ten marine migrants and one freshwater fish species caught in Estuaries of the Eastern Cape, South Africa. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci., 9: 135-140.
CrossRef  |  

15:  Medford, B.A. and W.C. Mackay, 1978. Protein and lipid content of gonads liver and muscle of Northern Pike (Esolucius) in relation to gonad growth. J. Fish. Resh. Board Can., 35: 213-219.

16:  Pillay, T.V.R., 1990. Aquaculture Principle and Practices. Scientific Pub. Ltd., England, pp: 28-46

17:  Pillay, T.V.R., 1994. Aquaculture Development: Progress and Prospects. Fishing News Books, England, pp: 1-104

18:  Rath, R.K., 1993. Fresh Water Aquaculture. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, India, pp: 1-66

19:  Reinitz, G., 1983. Relative effect of age, diet and feeding rate on the body composition of young rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri. Aquaculture, 35: 19-27.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Rottiers, D.V. and R.M. Tucker, 1982. Proximate Composition and Caloric Content of Eight Lake Michigan Fishes. US Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC
Direct Link  |  

21:  Salam, A. and P.M.C. Devies, 1997. Energetics of body composition of gold fish, Carassius auratus L. in relation to body size and condition factor. Acta Sci., 7: 1-6.

22:  Salam, A. and P.M.C. Devies, 1994. Body composition of Northern pike (Esox lucius L.) in relation to body size and condition factor. Fish. Res., 19: 193-204.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

23:  Salam, A. and M.Y. Janjua, 1991. Morphometric studies in relation to body size of farmed rohu, Labeo rohita. A culturable major carp from Multan. J. Res. Sci. B.Z. Univ. Pak., 3: 59-63.

24:  Salam, A. and M.Y. Janjua, 1992. The relationship between changes in body size, condition factor and body composition in young Rohu, Labeo rohita. J. Res. Sci. B.Z. Univ. Pak., 4: 7-13.

25:  Shearer, K.D., 1994. Factors affecting the proximate composition of cultured fishes with emphasis on salmonids. Aquaculture, 119: 63-88.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

26:  Sinha, V.R.P. and V. Ramchandran, 1985. Freshwater Fish Culture. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, pp: 33-74

27:  Staples, D.J. and M. Normura, 1976. Influence of body size and food ration on the energy budjet of rainbow trout, Samo gairdnere. Rich. J. Fish. Biol., 9: 26-43.

28:  Weatherly, A.H. and H.S. Gill, 1987. The Biology of Fish Growth. Academic Press, London, pp: 1-94

29:  Weatherly, A.H. and H.S. Gill, 1983. Protein, lipid, water and caloric contents of immature rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri Richardson, growing at different rates. J. Fish. Biol., 23: 653-673.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

30:  Zar, Z.H., 1996. Biostatistical Analysis. 3rd Edn., Prentice Hall, London

31:  Hastings, W.H. and L.M. Dickie, 1972. Feed Formulation and Evaluation. In: Fish Nutrition, Halver, J.E. (Ed.). Academic Press, New York, pp: 327-374

32:  Khan, H.A. and V.G. Jhingran, 1975. Synopsis of Biological Data on Rohu, Labeo Rohita (Hamilton, 1822). 1st Edn., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy
Direct Link  |  

33:  Mahmood, J.A., 1992. Body composition and morphometry of wild Catla catla in relation to body size and condition factor. M.Sc. Thesis, B.Z. University, Multan, Pakistan.

34:  Sajjad, M.T., 1994. Body composition of fresh water fishes from different ecological stretches of Indus river. M.Sc. Thesis, Zoology Department, B.Z. University, Multan, Pakistan.

35:  Tang, Y.A., 1976. Planning, design and construction of a coastal fish farm. Proceedings of the FAO Technology Conference Aquaculture, May 26-Jun. 2, Tokyo, Japan, pp: 99-104

36:  Unbreen, S., 1998. Proximate composition and meat quality studies of some edible fauna. M.Sc. Thesis, Zoology Department, B.Z. University, Multan, Pakistan.

37:  Berg, O.K. and G. Bremset, 1998. Seasonal changes in the body composition of young riverine Atlantic salmon and brown trout. J. Fish Biol., 52: 1272-1288.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

©  2022 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved