Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Abstract
Fulltext PDF
References
Research Article
 

Monitoring and Control of Helicoverpa armigera by Synthetic Pheromone Traps in Peas, Pisum sativum



Muhammad Faheem Malik , Daud-ur-Rehman , Mansoor Ahmed Bajwa , Naveed Latif Lodhi , Liaquat Ali and Syed Nazar Ali Shah
 
ABSTRACT

Pheromone traps against American Bollworm (Helicoverpa armigera Hub., Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) were installed at 1.5 m from the ground in peas (Pisum sativum var. Green Feast). First month was appeared on 25th and 23th April 1994-95 and 1995-96 seasons respectively. Four peaks of the pest infestation were observed each years. 1st peak (13 and 16 months) was recorded on 09-05-95 and 12-05-96 respectively. The average temperatures were 25.50 and 20.45°C, each day respectively. Last peak (16 and 11 months) was recorded on 26-06-95 and 21-06-96 respectively. The average temperature were 25.40 and 24.30°C, each day respectively. A total mean of 424 and 416 months were captured during the two seasons of the study respectively. The adult pest remained in the field till the end of the crop. The study strongly recommends the use of the pheromones than pesticides against the said pest in peas not only to control but also for the monitoring of H. armigea.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Muhammad Faheem Malik , Daud-ur-Rehman , Mansoor Ahmed Bajwa , Naveed Latif Lodhi , Liaquat Ali and Syed Nazar Ali Shah , 2003. Monitoring and Control of Helicoverpa armigera by Synthetic Pheromone Traps in Peas, Pisum sativum. Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 926-931.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2003.926.931

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2003.926.931

REFERENCES
Aheer, G.M., A. Ghani, R. Ahmed and M. Ramzan, 2000. Development of american bollworm, helicoverpa armigera (Hbn.) in different host plants. J. Agric. Res., 38: 229-232.

Anonymous, 2000. Agriculture Statistics Balochistan. Statistics Wing, Directorate General of Agriculture Extension, Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan.

Anonymous, 2002. The Quarterly Ziraat-e-Balochistan. Information and Publicity, Department of Agriculture, Balochistan, Pakistan, pp: 9-12.

Bajwa, M.A., 2002. The Quartely Ziraat-e-Balochistan. Information and Publicity, Department of Agriculture, Balochistan, Pakistan, pp: 79-81.

Baloch A.A., A.M. Kalroo and M.W. Sanjrani, 2000. A perspective review on ecobiological aspect of Helicoverpa (Heliothis armigea Hubn (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as a pest of cotton in Pakistan. I. Taxonomy, Biology, Ecology and population dynamics. Balochistan J. Agric. Sci., 1: 36-43.

Baloch, A.A., 1989. Insect pests of cotton their identification, mode of damage and control strategy. Proceedings of the Workshop Organized by CWM Project of Sind in Collaboration with USAID, (WOCWMPSCU'89), Sakrand, Pakistan, pp: 20-20.

Baloch, A.A., A.M. Kalroo and A. Pathan, 2000. A retrospective review on eco-biological aspects of Helicoverpa (Heliothis armigera Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) as a cotton pest in Pakistan: II. Incidence extent of damage, scouting and economic thresholds. Balochistan J. Agric. Sci., 1: 44-51.

Hazara, A.H., J. Khan, M. Shakeel, M. Iqbal and A.H. Bajoi, 2000. Population dynamics and control of Helicoverpa (Heliothis) Armigera, Hubner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on different crops in Balochistan. Balochistan J. Agric. Sci., 1: 52-62.
Direct Link  |  

Malik, M.F., 2001. Some biological attribute of Trichogrammatoidea bactrea, Hymenoptera: Trihogrammatoidae, at high temperatures in Pink Bollworm (Pectinophora gossypiella, Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) eggs. J. Biol. Sci., 1: 485-487.

Malik, M.F., A.G. Khan, S.W. Hussainy, D. Rahman and M. Amin, 2002. Scouting and control of Helicoverpa armigera by synthetic pheromone technology in apple. Asian J. Plant Sci., 1: 652-654.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Malik, M.F., D. Rahman and L. Ali, 2003. Pheromone technology for the control of Helicoverpa armigera in okra. Asian J. Plant Sci., 2: 409-411.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Malik, M.F., L. Ali and S. Anwar, 2002. Determination of installation heights for codling moths synthetic pheromone traps in apple canopy. Asian J. Plant Sci., 1: 226-227.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

Marco, V., A. Teberner and P. Castanera, 1997. Development and survival of immature Aubeonymus mariaefranciscae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) at constant temperatures. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am., 90: 169-176.
Direct Link  |  

Sauphanor, B. and R. Delorme, 1996. Development of insecticide resistance which strategy. Phytoma, 482: 30-31.

Shah, S.Y., M.F. Malik and L. Ali, 2002. Determination of effectiveness of localized irrigation system in Balochistan. Asian J. Plant Sci., 1: 188-189.
Direct Link  |  

Sharma, S.K. and J.P. Chaudhary, 1988. Effect of different levels of constant temperature and humidity on the development and survival of Heliothis armigera (Hubner). Indian J. Entomol., 50: 76-81.

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract