Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Distribution of Zoosporic and terrestrial Fungi in Accumulated Rainfall Water in Abha, South Western Region, Saudi Arabia



Laila A. Nasser
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Twelve identified and three unidentified species representing five genera of zoosporic fungi were recovered from forty samples of accumulated rainfall water which were collected from Abha city, southwestern region in Saudi Arabia using Sesame seeds baiting technique at 20 ± 2 ° C. Allomyces anomulus. Aqualinderella fermentans and Pythium thalassium were the most dominant species of zoosporic fungi. A total of forty three species in addition to one variety which belong to nineteen genera of terrestrial fungi were isolated from forty samples of accumulated rainfall water on both glucose-and cellulose-Czapek’s Dox agar media at 28 ° C. Glucose Czapek’s Dox agar medium was somewhat richest in the isolated species of terrestrial fungi compared with cellulose Czapek’s Dox agar medium. Most of the recoverable genera and species of terrestrial fungi were similar on both of isolation media in spite of some species were isolated only once on one isolation medium. The most dominant terrestrial fungi taxa on both isolation media were: Aspergilliis niger: Rhizopus rhizopodiformis, A. flavus and Cladospormm cladosporoides.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Laila A. Nasser , 2003. Distribution of Zoosporic and terrestrial Fungi in Accumulated Rainfall Water in Abha, South Western Region, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 843-853.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2003.843.853

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2003.843.853

REFERENCES

1:  Abdel-Hafez, S.I.I., 1982. Survey of the mycoflora of desert soils in Saudi Arabia. Mycopathology, 80: 3-8.
CrossRef  |  

2:  Abdel-Kader, M.I.A., A.I.I. Abdel-Hafez and S.I.I. Abdel-Hafez, 1983. Composition of the fungal flora of Syrian soils. II. Cellulose decomposing fungi. Mycopathologia, 81: 167-171.

3:  Alabi, R.O., 1972. Natural occurrence of Aqualinderella fementans in Nigeria. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc., 59: 103-105.

4:  Alabi, R.O., 1973. Aquatic Phycomycetes in Nigeria. Nova Hedwigia, 34: 815-825.

5:  Ali, E.H. and L.A. Nasser, 2001. Incidence of mycobiota (Zoosporic and terrestrial fungi) in accumulated rainfall water and submerged mud from three common valleys in the South-Eastern region, Saudi Arabia. Bull. Fac. Sci. Assiut Univ., 30: 195-208.

6:  Ames, L.A., 1969. A Monograph of the Chaetomiaceae. Wheldon and Wesleg Ltd., New York, pp: 65

7:  Amon, J.P. and S. Yei, 1982. The effect of salinity on the growth of two marine fungiin mixed culture. Mycologia, 74: 117-122.

8:  Apinis, A.E., 1964. Concerning occurrence of phycomycetes in alluvial soils of certain pastures, marches and swamps. Nova Hedwigia, 8: 103-126.

9:  Bettucci, L., C. Rodriguez and R. Indarte, 1993. Studies on fungal communities of two grazing-land soils in Uruguay. Pedobiology, 37: 72-82.

10:  Booth, C., 1977. Fusarium Laboratory Guide to the Identification of the Major Species. Common. Mycol. Inst., Kew, Surrey, England, pp: 201

11:  Coker, W.C., 1923. The Saprolegniaceae With Notes On Water Molds. University of North Carolina Press, Chapell Hill, North Carolina, USA., pp: 201

12:  De Vries, G.A., 1952. Contribution of the Knowledge of the Genus Cladosporium Link ex Fr. Vitgeverij and Drukkerij, Hollandia Press, Baam

13:  Dick, M.W., 1966. The saprolegniaceae of the environs of blelham tran sampling techniques and the estimation ofpropagule numbers. J. Gen. Microbiol., 42: 257-282.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Domsch, K.H. and W. Gams, 1972. Fungi in Agricultural Soils. Longman Publisher,, London, pp: 290

15:  El-Hissy, F.T. and A.M. Khallil, 1989. Studies on aquatic fungi in delia region (Egypt). Zentralbl. Mikrobiol., 144: 421-432.

16:  El-Hissy, F.T. and F. Oberwinkler, 1999. Aquatic phycomycstes isolated from natural surface waters in Baden Wuenemberg. Germanyi Acra Microbiol. Polo., 48: 363-364.

17:  El-Hissy, F.T., A.H. Moubasher and M.A. El-Nagdy, 1982. Seasonal fluctuations of freshwater fungi in River Nile Egypt. Z. Allgem. Mikrobioi., 22: 521-527.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

18:  El-Hissy, F.T., A.M. Khallil and A. Abdel-Raheem, 1992. Occurrence and distribution of zoosporic and aquatic hyphomycetes in Upper Egypt. Bull. Fac. Sci. Assiut Univ., 21: 45-64.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Ellis, M.B., 1976. More Dematiaceous Hyphomycetes. 1st Edn., Commonwealth Mycological Inst., Kew, Surrey, UK., Pages: 507

20:  El-Nagdy, M.A. and L.A. Nasser, 2000. Occurrence of zoosporic and terrestrial fungi in accumulated rainfall water in the Riyadh region (Saudi Arabia). Fungal Diversity, 5: 175-183.
Direct Link  |  

21:  El-Nagdy, M.A. and S.I. Abdel-Hafez, 1990. Occurrence of zoosporic and terrestrial fungi in some ponds of Kharga oases. Egypt. J. Basic Microbiol., 30: 233-240.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  El-Nagdy, M.A., S.I. Abdel-Hafez and A.M. Khallil, 1992. The incidence of zoosporic and terrestrial fungi in the accumulated rainfall water and mud in Saudi Arabia. Bull. Fac. Sci. Assiut Univ., 21: 75-91.
Direct Link  |  

23:  Fassatiova, O., 1967. Notes on genus Humicola Traaen. II. Ceska Mycologie., 21: 78-89.

24:  Fuller, M.S. and A. Jaworski, 1987. Zoosporic fungi in teaching and research. P. Southeastern Publishing Corp. Athens, Georgia, USA

25:  Gilman, J.D., 1957. A Manual of Soil Fungi. Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA., Pages: 450

26:  Hudson, H.J., 1972. Fungal Saprophytism. The Institute of Biological Studies, Arnold, London

27:  Jackson, M.L., 1958. Soil Chemical Analysis. 2nd Edn., Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA., Pages: 498

28:  Johnson, T.W., 1956. The Genus Achlya: Morphology and Taxonomy. University of Michigan Press, Washington, DC., pp: 180

29:  Johnson, Jr. J.W., 1971. Aquatic fungi of Iceland: Pythium. Mycologia, 63: 517-536.
Direct Link  |  

30:  Karling, J.S., 1977. Chytridiomycetarum Iconographia: An Illustrated and Brief Descriptive Guide to the Chytridiomycetous Genera with a Supplement of the Hyphochytriomycetes. J. Cramer, New York, ISBN: 3768211118, pp: 414
Direct Link  |  

31:  Khulbe, R.D., 1981. Distribution of aquatic fungi in relation to some ecological factors. Geobios Jodhpur, India, 8: 214-216.

32:  Khch, M.A. and L.H. Tiffany, 1985. Distribution and seasonal occurrence of aquatic Saprolegniaceae in northwest IOWA. Mycologia, 77: 373-380.

33:  Malik, K.A. and H.O.W. Eggins, 1970. A perfusion technique to study the fungal ecology of cellulose deterioration. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc., 54: 289-301.

34:  Menziess, J.D., 1957. A dipper technique for serial dilution of soil microbial analysis. Proc. Soil. Sci. Soc. Am., 21: 660-660.

35:  Misra, J.K., 1982. Occurrence, distribution and seasonably of aquatic fungi as affected by chemical factors in six alkaline ponds of India. Hydrobiologia, 97: 185-191.

36:  Moubasher, A.H. and M.B. Mazen, 1994. Further studies on cellulose-decomposing soil fungi in Egypt. Abhath Al-Yarmouk, 3: 33-54.

37:  Nejadsattari, T., 2001. Occurrence and distribution of aquatic Saprolegniaceae in Northwest and South of Tehran. Iranian Int. J. Sci., 1: 1-5.

38:  Padgett, D.E., 1976. An isolate of Saprolegnia anstralism from south-eastern North Carolina. Mycologia, 68: 1258-1260.

39:  Park, D.C., 1972. On the ecology of heterotrophic microorganisms in freshwater. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc., 58: 291-299.

40:  Paul, B., P. Bouchet and F. Bouchet, 1994. Some species of Pythium isolated from soil and water samples collected in western Africa. Microbiol. Res., 149: 217-222.
Direct Link  |  

41:  Paul, D.C., H. Armande, R. Fermin and I. Rosas, 1984. Soil and aquatic fungi in waste-stabilization pond system of the isolate of Mexico. Water Air Soil Pollut., 23: 249-256.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

42:  Raper, K.B. and C. Tom, 1949. A Manual of the Penicillia. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, USA., Pages: 875

43:  Rattan, S.S., T.M. Muhsin and A.L.S. Ismail, 1980. Notes on the occurrence and seasonal periodicity of Saprolegniaceae in Shatt Al-Arab (Iraq). Kavaka, 8: 41-46.

44:  Rifai, M.A., 1969. A revision of the genus Trichoderma: The Commonwealth Mycological Institute. Mycol. Papers, 115: 55-56.

45:  Roberts, R.E., 1963. A study of the distribution of certain members of the saproleaniales. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc., 46: 213-224.

46:  Scott, W.W., 1961. A monograph of genus Aphanomyces. Vat. Agric. Exp. Stat. Technol. Bull., 151: 1-95.

47:  Simmons, E.G., 1967. Typification of Alternaria, Stemphylium and Ulocladium. Mycologia, 59: 67-92.

48:  Smith, N.R. and T.V. Dawson, 1944. The bacteriostatic action of rose Bengal in media used for the plate counts of soil fungi. Soil Sci., 58: 467-471.

49:  Sparrow, Jr. F.K., 1960. Aquatic Phycomycetes. 2nd Edn., University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Pages: 1187

50:  Stewart, C. and J.H. Walsh, 1972. Cellulolytic activity of pure and mixed cultures of fungi. Trans. Br. Myc. Soc., 58: 257-261.

51:  Sundaram, B.M., 1977. Fungal flora of rice field soils. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 87: 90-99.
Direct Link  |  

52:  Tan, T.K., H.H. Yeoh and K.E. Tian, 1985. Cellulolytic fungi isolated from wood shavings. Mycopathol, 90: 97-99.

53:  Te Strake, D., 1980. Estuarine distribution of saprolegniaceae in the Tampa Bay Area. Botanica Marina, 23: 707-709.

54:  Van der Plaats-Niterink, A.J., 1981. Monograph of the genus Pythium. Stud. Mycol., 21: 1-244.

55:  Walsh, J.H. and C.S. Stewart, 1971. Effect of temperature, oxygen and carbon dioxide on cellulolytic activity of some fungi. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc., 57: 75-84.
CrossRef  |  

56:  Waterhouse, G.M., 1956. The Genus Phytophthora Diagnoses (or Descriptions) and Figures the Original Papers. The Commonwealth Mycological Institute, UK., pp: 120

57:  Willoughby, L.G., 1961. The ecology of some lower fungi at Eathwait water. Trans. Br. Mvcol. Soc., 44: 305-332.
CrossRef  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved