Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

A Comparative Study of Productive and Reproductive Performance and Estimates of Heritability for Economic Traits in Different Genetic Groups of Cattle Available at Baghabarighat Milk Pocket Area of Bangladesh

P.K. Das , S.Z. Ali , A.B.M.M. Islam and B.K. Roy
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The study was conducted at Baghabarighat milk pocket area to observe the productive and reproductive performance of the crossbred of Sahiwal x Friesian, Sahiwal x Pabna, Friesian x Pabna and Pabna x Pabna during the period from 1990 to 1998. Comprising four genetic groups data of 41 Sahiwal x Friesian, 72 Sahiwal x Pabna, 55 Friesian x Pabna and 18 Pabna x Pabna were considered to evaluate birth weight of calves, age at puberty, gestation length, service per conception, post partum heat period, lactation length, and daily milk yield. Five Sahiwal and four Friesian sires were used for the crossbreeding. The exotic sire effect of individuals on their daughters were also evaluated in this study. Statistical analysis of the results showed that the genetic group had a significant effect on birth weight (P<0.001), age at puberty (P<0.001), post partum heat period (P<0.01), lactation length (P<0.01) and daily milk yield (P<0.001). But genetic group had no significant effect on gestation length and number of services per conception. The performance of SL x F cows with regard to birth weight of calves (26.35±0.35 kg), age at puberty (25.21±0.55 months), lactation length (260.38±4.48 days) and daily milk yield (10.56±0.14 litres), was found to be better among the other genetic groups. The best performance for the trait service per conception (1.29±0.13) and post partum heat period (104.82±6.53 days) was observed in Pabna x Pabna cows. F x Pabna grades had a slightly shorter gestation length (280.59±0.91 days) than the other genetic groups. So it can be concluded that SL x F crossbred are well ahead to other genetic groups in respect of productive aspect, whereas F x Pabna crosses show the remarkable performance both for production and reproduction. Under this consideration the F x Pabna grades ranked first in over all merit followed by SL x F, SL x Pabna and then Pabna x Pabna cows. Individual sire effect was found significant on birth weight (P<0.05) and average daily milk yield (P<0.05) in SL x F genetic group, on birth weight (P<0.05), age at puberty (P<0.05) and lactation length (P<0.05) in SL x Pabna genetic group and on lactation length (P<0.05) and average daily milk yield (P<0.05) in F x Pabna genetic group. The pooled estimates of heritability for birth weight, age at puberty, gestation length, service per conception, post partum heat period, lactation length and daily milk yield were 0.44±0.30, 0.14±0.17, 0.25±0.21, 0.03±0.12, 0.33±0.26, 0.46±0.33 and 0.43±0.27 respectively. In this study the h2 estimates of reproductive traits were found lower than that of productive traits which indicate that these traits are mostly influenced by managemental factors rather than genetic variability.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

P.K. Das , S.Z. Ali , A.B.M.M. Islam and B.K. Roy , 2003. A Comparative Study of Productive and Reproductive Performance and Estimates of Heritability for Economic Traits in Different Genetic Groups of Cattle Available at Baghabarighat Milk Pocket Area of Bangladesh. Journal of Biological Sciences, 3: 726-740.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2003.726.740


1:  Ageeb, A.G. and J.K. Hillers, 1991. Effects of crossing local Sudaness cattle with British Friesian on performance traits. Bull. Anim. Health Prod. Afr., 39: 69-76.

2:  Ansell, R.H., 1985. Cattle breeding in the tropics. World Anim. Rev., 54: 30-38.

3:  Baco, S., H. Harada and R. Fukuhara, 1998. Genetic relationship of body measurements, at registration to a couple of reproductive traits in Japanese black cows. Anim. Sci. Technol., 69: 45-50.

4:  Bandoc, O.L., C. Smith and J.P. Gibson, 1989. A review of breeding strategies for genetic improvement of dairy cattle in developing countries. Anim. Breed., 57: 819-829.

5:  Bhuiyan, A.K.F.H. and R. Sultana, 1994. Analysis of performance of exotic cattle breeds and their crosses in Bangladesh. Applied Livestock Prod., 20: 355-358.

6:  Butte, S.V. and K.S. Deshpande, 1987. A note on production efficiency traits in Friesian x Sahiwal crossbreds. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 40: 144-146.

7:  Chandrak, J. and J. Psenica, 1994. The influence estimation of sire of calves to length of gestation of cows. Acta Zootechnica, 49: 45-50.

8:  Chaudhury, M.Z., M.J. Tahir and M. Rafique, 1994. Production performance and milk producing efficiency in different groups of Holstein-Friesian Sahiwal half-breds. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 7: 383-387.

9:  Choi, Y.L., B.A. Ahn, M.S. Ko, H.J. Lee, H.Y. Jeong and J.S. Kim, 1998. Estimation of environmental effects and the heritability of number of services per conception in Holstein cows. J. Livestock Sci., 39: 8-12.

10:  Freitas, A.F., N.M. Teixeira and M.C. Duraes, 1997. Effect of service period on milk yield in European x Zebu cows. Revista Brasileira Zootecria, 26: 1103-11008.

11:  Garcha, D.S., P.K. Trehan and I.S. Bajwa, 1989. Use of some milk production efficiency traits for evaluating dairy bulls through progeny testing. Asian J. Diary Res., 8: 71-74.

12:  Haque, K.S., M.R. Amin and M.S. Hussen, 1999. Dairy potential of Pabna cows and crossbreds with Sahiwal and Friesian and within and between breed sire effects. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 12: 161-164.

13:  Hussain, S.S. and K.G. Mostofa, 1985. Reproductive potentialities of local and crossbred animals under farm and village condition. Livest. Adviser, 10: 15-19.

14:  Islam, S.S. and A.K.F.H. Bhuiyan, 1997. Performance of crossbred Sahiwal at the Pabna milk shed area in Bangladesh. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 10: 581-586.

15:  Khan, M.K.I. and M.J. Khatun, 1998. Performances of F1 crossbred cows at Baghabarighat milk shed area. Bangladash J. Anim. Sci., 27: 183-186.

16:  Khan, U.N., A. Olsson, J. Philipsson and K. Hangsanet, 1992. Sahiwal breed development in Pakistan. Proc. 6th AAAP Anim. Sci., Cong., 1: 171-178.

17:  Koots, K.R., J.P. Gibson, C. Smith and J.W. Wilton, 1994. Analysis of published genetic parameter estimates for beef production traits I heriability. Anim. Breed. Abstr., 62: 309-311.

18:  Majid, M.A., T.N. Nahar, A.I. Talukder and M.A. Rahman, 1995. Factors affecting the reproductive efficiency of crossbred cows. Bangladesh J. Livest. Res., 2: 18-22.

19:  Nadarajah, K., E.B. Burnside and B.L.R. Sahaeffer, 1989. Factos affecting gestation length in Ontario Holstein. Can. J. Ani. Sci., 69: 1083-1086.

20:  Nahar, N.K., K.G. Mostafa and M.R. Amin, 1989. A comparative study on the performances of F1 crossbred progenies of cattle Farm. Bangladesh J. Anim. Sci., 18: 55-62.

21:  Nahar, T.N., M. Islam and M.A. Hasnath, 1992. A comparative study on the performance of F1 crossbred cows under rural conditions. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 5: 435-438.
Direct Link  |  

22:  Oliveira, H.N., 1990. Variations in calving interval, calf birth weight and gestation length in a herd of Santa Gertudis cattle due to genetic and environmental effects. Anim. Breed. Abst., 58: 25-25.

23:  Pal, S., A.K. Chatterjee and S.K. Misra, 1996. Cross breeding in cattle in west Bengal a study of some economic traits. Indian J. Anim. Health, 35: 73-79.

24:  Rahman, M.F., N. Ahmed and A.R. Ahmed, 1987. A comparative study on some productive and reproductive performances of dairy cows at savar dairy and cattle improvement farm. Bangladesh Vet. J., 21: 55-61.

25:  Rahman, M.F., M.S. Islam, M.A. Hossain, M.A.M. Prodhan and A. Rahman, 1993. Reproductive patterns of different breeds of cows in Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Livest. Res., 1: 19-24.

26:  Reddy, K.M. and R. Nagarcenkar, 1989. Inheritance of 1st lactation traits in Sahiwal cattle. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 42: 382-383.

27:  Silva, M.A. and F.A. Pareira, 1987. Environmental and genetic factors affecting productive performance in Zebu and China x Zebu cows. Anim. Breed. Abstr., 55: 273-273.

28:  Singh, N.P., S.M. Deb and S. Mehrotra, 1997. Performance of Hostein cattle in temperate hills of India. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 50: 7-11.

29:  Singh, V.P., R.V. Singh, C.V. Singh and S.P. Singh, 1990. Genetic studies on reproductive efficiency traits in Sahiwal and its crosses with Jersey and Red Dane. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 60: 90-92.

30:  Smith, A., 1984. Is there a future for animal production in developing countries. Courier, 37: 20-23.

31:  Souza, E.M., J.C. Milagres and M.C.A.E. Silva, 1995. Genetic and environmenntal factors on lactation length in Gir dairy herds. Anim. Breed. Abstr., 63: 926-926.

32:  Spasic, Z., 1997. Milking and fertility traits variability and relations in three generations of domestic sported cattle. Rev. Res. Work Fac. Agric., Belgrade, 42: 183-197.

33:  Taneja. V.K., P.N. Bhat and and R.C. Garg, 1977. Estimates of heritability for economic traits in Sahiwal and Sahiwal x Holstein crossbred grads. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 31: 191-197.

34:  Tekade, S.R., V.P. Belsare and R.K. Tajane, 1994. Performance of Jersey Sahiwal grades. Indian Vet. J., 71: 1000-1004.

35:  Tomar, A.K.S., R.B. Prasad and S.K. Bhadula, 1996. First lactation performance of Holstein, Sahiwal and their halfbreds in Tarai region of northern India. Indian J. Anim. Res., 30: 129-133.

36:  Udo, H.M., C. Hermans and F. Dawood, 1990. Comparison of two cattle production systems in Pabna district Bangladesh. Trop. Anim. Health Prod., 22: 247-259.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

37:  De Vacarro, L.P., 1979. Some aspects of the performance of European purebred and crossbred dairy cattle in the tropics. Part 1. Reproductive efficiency in females. Anim. Breed. Abst., 43: 493-505.

38:  Verma, A.K. and K.S. Johar, 1985. A genetic study of birth weight of Malvi x Jersey calves. Indian Vet. J., 54: 279-279.

39:  Ahmed, Z. and T.S. Islam, 1987. Cattle Breeding Program through Artificial Insemination in Bangladesh. CCBS, Dhaka, pp: 68.

40:  Ali, M., 1994. Evaluation of livestock resources and performance of indigenous lactating cows on rice straw-based ration in Bangladesh. Ph.D. Thesis, University of the Philippine at Los Banos, Philippines.

41:  Becker, W.A., 1975. Manual of Quantitative Genetics. 3rd Edn., Washington State University Press, Pullman, Washington, pp: 23-34.

42:  Bhuiyan, A.K.F.H., M.A. Matir and M.O. Faruque, 1992. Performance of Purebred and Crossbred dairy Cattle in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the 6th AAAP Animal Sci. Congress, Vol. 8 Ahat, Bangkok, 1982.

43:  DLS, 1997-1998. Directorate of Livestock Services. DLS., Bangladesh.

44:  Falconer, D.S., 1989. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. 3rd Edn., Longman, Science and Technology, England, ISBN: 9780470211625, Pages: 438.

45:  Hossain, M.A. and S.F. Routledge, 1982. Performance of crossbred and local cattle under village condition in Pabna District of Bangladesh. Proceedings of the 3rd Seminar on Maximum Livestock Production from Minimum Land, February 13-18, 1982, Joydebpur, Bangladesh, pp: 161-167.

46:  Lasely, J.F., 1978. Genetics of Livestock Improvement. 3rd Edn., Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

47:  Matin, M.A., 1993. Quantitative analysis of yield records and genetic ranking of the cows in Savar Dairy farm. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Bangladesh Agriculture University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

48:  Mostafa, K.G., 1971. Heritability and repeatability estimates of some important economic traits in Dairy Cattle. M.Sc. Thesis, of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Bangladesh Agriculture University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

49:  Patel, M.M. and H.K.B. Parekh, 1982. Heritability estimates of reproductive traits and part production in Holstein x Gir and Jersey x Gir crosses along with discriminate analysis. Proceedings of the Second world Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Oct. 4-8, Madrid, Spain, pp: 52-56.

50:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biological Approach. 2nd Edn., McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, USA.

51:  Sultana, R., 1995. Quantitative analysis of reproductive performance of purebred and their crosses in the savar dairy farm. M.Sc. Thesis, BAU, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

52:  Zarnecki, Z., H.D. Norman and J. Jamrozik, 1990. Lifetime performance of ten Friesian strains in Poland. Proceedings of the 4th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, July 23-27, 1990, Edinburg, UK., pp: 70-73.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved