Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Fulltext PDF
Research Article
Yield Components, Morphology and Forage Quality of Native Alfalfa Ecotypes

Suleyman Sengul

Twelve native alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) land races material from Van provinces in Turkey for 10-30 years in the same field in Turkey were investigated in this study. Seed used in this experiment are Adiguzel-2, Ahlat-3, Alakoy, Cayirbasi , Dilburnu, Ercis-3, Gulgoren, Gulsinberk, Hidirkoy-2, Kasumoglu-2, Mahmudiye, Otluca ecotypes and Kayseri population (as a check). Seeds planted in September 1999 and greenhouse for shoots measurements before flowering period. Plants harvested early flowering period. The result taken from this experiment clearly showed that there could be variation in yielding and chemical composition. There are significant differences in plant height, stem number, stem size, internode number, internode length, leaf area, leaflet length, dry matter yield, crude cellulose, crude protein, P, K, Ca and Mg rate and total non structural carbohydrates content (P<0.05). The longest stem was measured with Mahmudiye ecotypes (94.1 cm) besides 43.4 stem per plant observed with Kas mo lu ecotypes. Erect form of Cayirbasi ecotypes had the longest leaflet size (29.28 mm). The differences could be seen most clearly in crude cellulose Erci -3 ecotype had the lowest CC (194.2 g kg -1)). On the other hand promising ecotypes were Cayirbasi , Kasimoglu-2, Gulgoren, and Hidirkoy as a high yielding 37.7, 36.8, 35.4, and 33.1 g per plant respectively. Variation among alfalfas from this region may be especially valuable to conserve and utilize these germplazm resources.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Suleyman Sengul , 2002. Yield Components, Morphology and Forage Quality of Native Alfalfa Ecotypes. Journal of Biological Sciences, 2: 494-498.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2002.494.498


Adams, R.S., 1980. Feeding forage to dairy cows. Pennsylvania State University Cooperative Extension Services, University Park PA.

Akgun, I., M. Tosun, S. Sasoz and M. Tapnar, 1999. Diploid ve tetraploid cok yllk cavdar (Secale montanum Guss.) da bicim yukseklii ve sklnn ot ve otun baz kimyasal ozellikleri uzerine etkisi. Turk. J. Agric. For., 23: 1011-1020.

Akyldz, A.R., 1984. Yemler Bilgisi ve Laboratuar Klavuzu. Ankara Univ. Zir. Fak. Yay., 213: 236-236.

Al'noglu, N., H. Mertturk and T. Ozmen, 1979. Reseach on he morphological and physiological characteristics of Kayseri alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Cayr Mera ve Zootekni, Arastırma Enstitusu Yayinlari, No. 29, Ankara.

Arbi, N., D. Smith and E.T. Bingham, 1979. Dry matter and morphological responces to temperatures of alfalfa strain with differing ploidy levels. Agric. J., 71: 573-577.

Bailey, L.D., 1983. The effect of potassium fertilizer and fall harvests on alfalfa grown in the eastern Canadian prairies. Can. J. Soil Sci., 63: 211-219.

Bakoglu, A., 1995. Onemli mera bitkilerinin biomas ve kimyasal kompozisyonlarinin yil icerisindeki degisimi (yuksek lisans tezi). Ataturk University Fen Bil-Ens Tarla Bitkileri Anabilim Dali Erzurum.

Barnes, D.K. and C.C. Sheaffer, 1995. Alfalfa in Forages. In: An Indroduction to Grassland Agriculture, Barnes, R.F., D.A. Miller and C.J. Nelson (Eds.). Iowa State University Press, Amess, Iowa, USA., pp: 205-216.

Brown, J.W. and C.B. Tanner, 1983. Alfalfa stem and leaf growth during water stress. Agric. J., 48: 18-20.

Buxton, D.R., D.R. Mertens and D.S. Fisher, 1996. Forage Quality and Ruminant Utilization. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA., pp: 229-266.

Comakli, B. and N. ven Tas, 1996. Bazi Fig turlerinde fosforla gubrelemenin otun kimyasal kompozisyonuna etkileri. Turkiye 3. Cayir-Mera ve Yem Bitkileri Kongresi 17-19 Haziran-1996 Erzurum Comakl, B. and N, 293-300.

Duke, S.H., M. Collins and R.M. Scheralske, 1980. Effects of potassium fertilization on nitrogen fixation and nodule enzymes of nitrogen metabolism in alfalfa. Crop Sci., 20: 213-219.
Direct Link  |  

Etzel, E.G., J.J. Volonec and J.J. Vorst, 1988. Leaf morphology shoot growth and gas exchange of multifoloolate alfafa phenotypes. Crop Sci., 28: 263-269.

Fick, G.W., D.A. Holt and D.G. Lugg, 1988. Environmental Physiology and Crop Growth. American Society of Agronomy Inc., USA., pp: 163-194.

Hacker, J.B. and D.J. Minson, 1981. Digestibility of plant parts. Herb. Abst., 51: 459-482.

Halim, R.A., D.R. Buxton, M.J. Hattendorf and R.E. Carlson, 1989. Water stress effects on alfalfa forage quality after adjustment for maturity differences. Agric. J., 81: 189-194.
Direct Link  |  

Hanson, A.A., 1988. Alfalfa and Alfalfa Improvement. ASA, Medison, WI.

Hendershot, K.L. and J.J. Volonec, 1989. Shoot growth, dark respiration and nonstructural carbohydrates of contrasting alfalfa genotypes. Crop. Sci., 29: 1271-1275.
Direct Link  |  

Jones, D.I.H., 1981. Chemical Composition and Nutritive Value. British Grassland Society, Berkshire, UK., pp: 243-265.

Kacar, B., 1972. Bitki ve topragin kimyasal analizleri. II. Bitki analizleri. Ankara Univ. Zir. Fak. Yay., 453: 464-464.

Kim, S.A., S. Yoshida, T. Okubo and R. Kayama, 1990. Seasonal variation of K and Mg contents of forage plants grown in grazing pasture and meadow. Herb. Abst., 61: 3903-3903.

Kincaid, R.L. and J.D. Cronrath, 1983. Amounts and distiribution of minerals in Washington forages. J. Dairy Sci., 66: 821-824.
Direct Link  |  

Koc, A. and A. Gokkus, 1995. The change of above ground biomass, vegetation height and crude protein yield on the natural rangelands. Turk. J. Agric. For. (In Press).

Koc, A., 1991. Guzelyurt koyu (Erzurum) meralarinda otlatmaya baslama ve son verme zamanlarinin belirlenmesi ile toprak ustu biomasi ve otun kimyasal kompozisyonunun yil icerisindeki degisimi uzerine bir arastirma (Yuksek Lisans Tezi). Ataturk University Fen Bilimleri Enstitusu Tarla Bitkileri Anabilim Dali'nda, Erzurum.

Lanyon, L.E. and W.K. Griffith, 1988. Nutritions and Fertilizer Use. American Society of Agronomy, USA., pp: 333-372.

Leach, G.J., 1970. Shoot growth on Lucerne plants cut at different height. Aust. J. Agric. Res., 21: 583-591.
Direct Link  |  

Manga, I., 1978. Yonca ve korungada degisik olgunluk devrelerinde yapilan bicmelerin ot verimine otun kalitesine ve yedek besin maddelerine etkileri uzerinde bir arastirma. Ataturk University, Ziraat Fakultesi Yaynlar No. 228, Erzurum.

Manga, I., 1979. Erzurum ekolojik kosullarinda yetistirilen onemli yonca varyetelerinin bazi agronomic morfolojik ve biyolojik ozellikleri uzerine arastirmalar. Ataturk University, Ziraat Fakultesi, Erzurum.

Marten, G.C., 1985. Nutritional value of legume in temperature pastures of United States. Proceedings of the Trilateral Workshop Forage Legumes for Energy-Efficient Animal Production, Usdars, USA.

Mayland, H.F., K.H. Asay and D.H. Clark, 1992. Seasonal trends in herbage yield and quality of Agropyrons. J. Range Manage., 45: 369-374.

McIsted, S.W., H.L. Motto and T.R. Peck, 1969. Critical plant nutritient composition values useful in interpreting plant analysis data. Agron. J., 61: 17-20.
Direct Link  |  

McLaughlin, R.J. and B.R. Christie, 1980. Genetic variation for temperature in alfalfa. Can. J. Plant Sci., 60: 547-554.

Okuyan, R., E. Tuncer, Bayindir and S.Z. ven Yildirim, 1986. Evcil hayvanlarin besin madde gereksinimi. Uludag University, Ziraat Fakultesi Yaynlar, No. 7, Bursa.

Pearson, C.J. and L.A. Hunt, 1972. Effects of temperatures on primary growth and regrowth of alfalfa. Can. J. Plant Sci., 52: 1017-1027.

Perry, Jr., L.J. and K.L. Larson, 1974. Influence of drought on tillering and internode number and length in alfalfa. Crop Sci., 14: 693-696.
Direct Link  |  

Peterson, P.R., C.C. Sheffer and M.H. Hall, 1992. Drought effect on perennial forage legume yield and quality. Agron. J., 84: 774-779.
Direct Link  |  

Porter, T.K. and J.H. Reynolds, 1975. Relationship of alfalfa cultivar yields to specific leaf weight and chemical composition. Agron. J., 67: 625-629.
Direct Link  |  

Pully, S., 1980. Growth factor and management technique in relation to the developmental rhythm yield formation pattern of a seedling year Lucerne stand. J. Sci. Agric. Soc. Fin., 52: 477-494.

Sato, K., 1974. Growth and development of lucerne plant in a controlled environment. Proc. Crop Sci. Soc. Jap., 43: 59-67.

©  2019 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved
Fulltext PDF References Abstract