Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Study on Voluntary Intake and Digestibility of Banana Foliage as a Cattle Feed



M. M. Rahman and K. S. Huque
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

The fresh and chopped banana plants were compared with that of the ensiled materials having them fed to mature bulls. Sixteen (16) young bulls approximately 3 years of age and weighing approx. 370 kg were used. The bulls were divided into 4 groups and were randomly allocated to the experimental diets e.g., T1 = banana pseudostem ensiled with 5% molasses, T2 = banana pseudostem ensiled with 5% molasses and 10% straw, T3 = chopped fresh banana pseudostem with 5% molasses, T4 = urea (3%)-molasses (15%)-straw (82%). All the diets were enriched with 3% urea. All the animals received 60 g/d of mineral 4 supplement including sodium sulphate and dicalcium phosphate. The daily average dry matter intake in percent live weight was 1.33, 2.73, 1.20 and 2.50, respectively. Dry matter digestibility was significantly (p<0.01) higher in the T2 (78%) fed animals than T1 (59%), T3 (65%) and T4 (62%). In T2 and T3 diets NH3 -N concentration were relatively high which ranged from 54.87 to 238.56 mg/L and 42.15 to 188.47 mg/L, respectively. The 48 h in sacco degradability of washed straw in response to feeding T1 , T2 and T3 diets were 50, 51 and 51%, respectively. The ME intake was significantly (p<0.01) higher in T2 (1300 KJ/kg W0.75 /d) than that of T3 (945 KJ/kg W0.75 /d), T4 (498 KJ/kg W0.75 /d) or T3 (515 KJ/kg W0.75 /d). It may be concluded that both the preserved and fresh chopped banana whole plants had digestibility of 59 to 78% and their intake in native bull ranged from 1.20 to 2.73% live weight.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

M. M. Rahman and K. S. Huque , 2002. Study on Voluntary Intake and Digestibility of Banana Foliage as a Cattle Feed . Journal of Biological Sciences, 2: 49-52.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2002.49.52

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2002.49.52

REFERENCES

1:  AOAC., 1984. Official Methods of Analysis. 13th Edn., Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC., USA., pp: 768-800
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  ARC., 1980. The Nutrient Requirements of Ruminant Livestock. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, England

3:  Bekunda, M.A. and P.L. Woomer, 1996. Organic resource management in banana-based cropping systems of the lake Victoria Basin, Uganda. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 59: 171-180.
Direct Link  |  

4:  Bhargava, P.K. and E.R. Orskov, 1987. Manual for the use of Nylon Bag Technique in the Evaluation of Feedstuffs. Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen, Scotland, UK

5:  Braimah, H. and H.F. Van Emden, 1999. Evidence for the presence of chemicals attractive to the banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) in dead banana leaves. Bull. Entomol. Res., 89: 485-491.

6:  Espejo, S., D. Ffloulkes, D. Hovell and T.R. Preston, 1978. Digestibility of stem and leaves of banana. Trop. Anim. Prod., 3: 75-75.

7:  Ffloulkes, D. and T.R. Preston, 1977. The banana plant as cattle feed: Digestibility and voluntary intake of different proportions of leaf and pseudostem. Trop. Anim. Prod., 3: 2-2.

8:  Lekasi, J.K., M.A. Bekunda, P.L. Woomer and J.S. Tenywa, 1999. Decomposition of crop residues in banana-based cropping systems of Uganda. Biol. Agric. Hortic., 17: 1-10.

9:  Pieltain, M.C., J.I.R. Castanon, M.R. Ventjura and M.R. Flores, 1999. The nutritive value of banana (Musa acuminata L.) by-products for maintaining goats. Anim. Sci., 69: 213-216.

10:  Ranzani, M.R.T.D. and G.L. Sturion, 1998. Amino acid composition evaluation of edible mushrooms (Pleurotus spp.) cultivated on banana leaves. Arch. Latinoamericanos Nutr., 48: 339-348.

11:  Saikia, D.C., T. Goswami and C.N. Saikia, 1997. Wild banana plants (Musa spp.) as source of fibre for paper and cordage industries. J. Sci. Ind. Res., 56: 408-413.

12:  Shem, M.N., E.R. Orskov and A.E. Kimambo, 1995. Prediction of voluntary dry matter intake, digestible dry matter intake and growth rate of cattle from the degradation characteristics of tropical foods. Anim. Sci., 60: 65-74.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Snedecor, G.W. and W.G. Cochran, 1967. Statistical Methods. 6th Edn., Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA., Pages: 593

14:  McDonald, I., 1981. A revised model for the estimation of protein degradation in the rumen. J. Agric. Sci. Cambridge, 96: 251-252.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved