Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Nutritional Status of Citrus Orchards in Sahiwal District

A.M. Ranjha , M. Akram , S.M. Mehdi , M. Sadiq , M. Sarfraz and G. Hassan
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

A total of 100 soil and 75 plant samples were collected for determination of nutritional status of citrus orchards in Sahiwal. The results showed that 8% soil samples were deficient in N, 4% in P, no one in K, 100% in Zn and no one in Cu, Fe and Mn. The extent of nutrients belonging to low category has been found as 88% in N, 56% in P, no one in K, 84% in Cu and no one in Fe and Mn. In sufficiency range, 4% soil samples were sufficient in N, 24% in P, 64% in K, 16% in Cu and 100% in Fe and Mn contents. Among high range of nutrients only 16% soil samples in P and 35% in K were found. In case of leaf samples, 40% were deficient in N, 28% in Zn, no one in P, K, Fe, Cu and Mn while 24% were low in N, 60% in K, 68% in Zn and no one in P, Cu, Fe and Mn and 32% were sufficient in N, 68% in P, 40% in K, 4% in Zn, 100% in Cu, Fe and Mn contents while 4% were high in N and 32% in P. Soil pH had a non significant negative correlation with leaf N, P, K, Zn, Fe and Mn and nonsignificant positive correlation with Cu. Soil organic matter had a highly significant positive correlation with leaf N and nonsignificant negative correlation with K, Cu and Mn and non significant positive correlation with P, Ca+Mg, Zn and Fe contents. Clay contents had a significant positive correlation with K and non-significant positive correlation with P, Ca+Mg, Zn and negative correlation with N, Cu, Fe and Mn but non significantly. A positive significant correlation was also found between soil N, Ca+Mg, Fe content and leaf N, Ca+Mg and soil P, K, Zn and Mn also had positive correlation with leaf P, K, Zn and Mn but non significantly. Soil Cu had negative correlation with leaf Cu but non-significantly.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

A.M. Ranjha , M. Akram , S.M. Mehdi , M. Sadiq , M. Sarfraz and G. Hassan , 2002. Nutritional Status of Citrus Orchards in Sahiwal District . Journal of Biological Sciences, 2: 453-458.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2002.453.458


1:  Anonymous, 1989. Economic survey, 1989-1990. Ministry of Finance, Finance Division, Government of Pakistan, Islamabad, Pakistan.

2:  Birriel, A., F. Reyes and G. Laborem, 1984. Determination of nutritional status of the CENIAP citrus rootstock orchard. Agron. Trop., 34: 131-153.

3:  Brady, N.C., 1966. He Nature and Properties of Soils. 8th Edn., McMillan Co., New York, pp: 147-148.

4:  Chapman, H.D., 1960. Leaf and Soil Analysis in Citrus Orchards. University of California, Berkeley.

5:  Cottenie, A., M. Verloo, G. Velghe and L. Kiekens, 1979. Analytical methods for plants and soils. Laboratory of Analytical and Agrochemistry, State University, Belgium, pp: 27-28

6:  Dasberg, S., A. Bar-Akiva, S. Spazisky and A. Cohen, 1988. Fertigation versus broadcasting in an orange grove. Fert. Res. 15: 147-154.

7:  Fawzi, A.F.A., A.H. Firgany, S.H. Sanad and F.F.K.E. Baz, 1984. Mineral nutrition of Naval orange at alternate bearing. Proceedings of the 5th International Colloquium Optimization Plant Nutrition Natural Research Center, (ICOPNNRC'84), Cairo Egypt, pp: 199-206.

8:  Harding, R.B. and H.D. Chapman, 1950. Progress report on a study of soil characteristics in forty high performance organic orchards in California. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. Proc., 10: 243-248.

9:  Hellin, E., R. Urena, F. Sevilla and C.F. Akcaraz, 1987. Comparative study on the effectiveness of several compounds in the iron chlorosis connection in citrus plants. J. Plant Nutr., 10: 411-412.

10:  Hiroce, R., J.R. Gallo, J. Tesfilo, A.A. Caetano, O. Rodriguez and J. Pompen, 1984. Effect of 27 years of NPK fertilization on leaf macro and micronutrient contents of Baianinha orange. Empresa Catarinense de Pesquisa Agropecuaria, 2: 605-611.

11:  Jackson, M.L., 1962. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, pp: 151-153.

12:  Lal, H. and R.M. Sherma, 1985. Effect of nitrogen levels on growth, yield and quality of unshiumandarin. Prog. Hortic., 17: 336-339.

13:  Lindsay, W.L. and W.A. Norvell, 1978. Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 42: 421-428.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

14:  Lipas, E., 1986. Soil fertility levels in finnish citrus orchards. Finnish For. Res. Inst. Dep. Soil Sci., 66: 19-19.

15:  Liu, X.H., X.Q. Zhao, J.J. Zheng and H.C. Xie, 1984. A study of some mineral nutrients in the leaves of major cultivars for citrus. Ujian Agric. Coll., 13: 31-38.

16:  McGrath, S.P., J.R. Sanders and M.H. Shalaby, 1988. The effects of soil organic matter levels on soil solution concentrations and extractabilities of Mn, Zn and Cu. Geoderma, 42: 177-188.

17:  Moddie, C.D., M.W. Smith and R.A. Meereery, 1959. Laboratory Manual for Soil Fertility. Department Agronomy Washington State College, Washington, DC., pp: 31-39.

18:  Munir, T.M., 1990. Physical, Chemical and nutritional status of the soils under citrus orchards in Sargodha district. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Soil Sciences, University Agriculture Faisalabad, Pakistan.

19:  Reddy, P.S. and G.S. Swamy, 1986. Studies on nutritional requirement of sweet orange (Citrus sinensis Linn) variety sathgudi. South Indian Hortic., 34: 288-292.

20:  Sharma, O.N., K.R. Gupta and R.K. Gupta, 1986. Soil status of healthy and chlorotic citrus orchards of Jammu (J and K). Res. Dev. Rep., 3: 41-44.

21:  Sharma, P.S. and P.V. Reddy, 1986. Nutrient status of leaves of acid lime (Citrus aurantifolia) (Christin) (Suringle) from fruiting and non-fruiting terminals. J. Res. APAU., 14: 83-84.

22:  Steel, R.G.D. and J.H. Torrie, 1980. Principles and Pocedures of Statistics. 2nd Edn., McGraw Hill Book Co. Inc., New York, USA.

23:  Temhane, R.V. and B.V. Subbiah, 1960. Correlation between soil analyses and response to fertilizer with special reference to rice crop in India. IRC Newslett., 9: 1-10.

24:  Tuzcu, O., M. Kaplankiran, M. Ozsan, O. Gezerel and A.Y. Hizal, 1986. Nutritional status of citrus orchards in the mditerranean region of Turkey. Fruits, 4: 49-54.

25:  US Salinity Laboratory, 1954. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline and Alkaline Soils. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., USA., Pages: 160.

26:  Watanabe, F.S. and S.R. Olsen, 1965. Test of an ascorbic acid method for determining phosphorus in water and NaHCO3 extracts from soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 29: 677-678.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

27:  Zhuang, Y.M., L.R. Li, U.Y. Jing, R.J. Wang and M.H. Su, 1985. Preliminary studies on nutrient conditions in the high yielding ponkan (Citrus reticulata Banco) orchards in Fujian, China. J. Fujian Agric. Coll., 14: 23-29.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved