Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Beef Cattle Production in Bangladesh - A Review



M. A. Baset , M. M. Rahman , M. S. Islam , G. B. Das and A. Ara
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Cattle fattening for beef production have become an important business of the small former in Bangladesh. In few areas of Bangladesh a small scale commercial beef fattening program has already been started. Straw is the important crop residue; contribute the major portion of the fibrous part of the diet of the beef cattle. Rice straw is the basal feed for ruminants with low nutritive value and low digestibility. Farmers use rice straw of traditional verities, green grass, sugarcane tops, wheat and rice bran, molasses, pulses bran and locally available resources such as pumpkin, carrot, bananas, vegetables by products, rice gruel, boiled rice bran, oil cakes etc., for beef fattening. The chemical treatment of straw is the most effective and economic method to improving the quality. Straw is mainly treated with urea and molasses and in some cases chemical treatment also done by the former. Urea molasses straw treatment in beef cattle resulted higher body weight, dressing percentage and also in better carcass quality than untreated straw. The acute shortage of feeds and fodder has long been identified as a serious constraint to optimum livestock production in Bangladesh. The nutritional factor is considered a major constraint to livestock productivity. Traditional grazing field is a scarce except in some pockets in Pabna and Sylph districts. Farmers used three years old cattle for beef fattening and maximum growth rate between 1.1 year to 1.4 years of age. Cattle fattening period is 4.5 months in rural areas of Bangladesh.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

M. A. Baset , M. M. Rahman , M. S. Islam , G. B. Das and A. Ara , 2002. Beef Cattle Production in Bangladesh - A Review. Journal of Biological Sciences, 2: 429-435.

DOI: 10.3923/jbs.2002.429.435

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jbs.2002.429.435

REFERENCES

1:  Acorda, J.A., M. Okamoto and N. Yoshida, 1992. Nutritive value of rice straw processed with sodium hydroxide, soybean meal, urea, cage layer manure and molasses. J. Jap. Soc. Grassland Sci., 37: 405-411.

2:  Alam, J., M. Akteruzzaman, A. Rahman and Z. Ahemd, 1994. Comparative performance of local hcrossbred cows in bangladesh. Indian J. Dairy Sci., 47: 112-117.

3:  Ali, M.A. and A.B.M.N. Anwar, 1987. Cattle problem confrontation of the farmers in a union of Mymensingh. Bangladesh J. External Educ., 2: 41-49.

4:  Barnah, K.K., A.K. Mehdhi, D.R. Das, B.N. Saikia, R. Bhuyan and P.C. Das, 1992. Urea and Molasses treatment of Paddy straw on its chemical composition and nutritive value in crossbred calves. Ind. Vet. J., 69: 605-608.

5:  BBS. (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics), 1991. Statistical Pocket of Bangladesh. Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Bangladesh

6:  Budmaska, V.E. and A.K. Kalinka, 1994. Growth and slaughter quality in young bulls given ammonium carbonate salts. Nauchno Tekhnicheskii Byulleten, Ukrainskii Institute Zhivotnovodstva, 65: 90-95.

7:  Caton, J.S., M.L. Bauer and H. Hidari, 2000. Metabolic components of energy expenditure in growing beef cattle-review. Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 13: 702-710.

8:  Chowdhury, S.A., 1999. Effect of graded levels of mustard oil cake supplementation on intake, nutrient digestibility, microbial N yield of adult cannulated native (Bos indicus) bulls fed rice straw. Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 12: 715-722.

9:  Chowdhury, S.A., 2001. Effect of graded levels of cotton seed cake supplementation on intake, nutrient digestibility, microbial N yield of growing native (Bos indicus) bulls fed rice straw. Asian-Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 14: 326-332.

10:  Chowdhury, S.A. and K.S. Huque, 1998. Effect of molasses or rice gruel inclusion to urea supplemented rice straw on its intake, nutrient digestibilities, microbial N yield, nitrogen balance and growth rate of native (Bos indicus) growing bulls. Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 11: 145-151.

11:  Colpan, I., S.D. Tuncer, A.G. Onol and G. Yildiz, 1995. The effects of zeolite on fattening performance and carcass characteristics of Limousin X Jersey (F1) crossbred bulls. J. Lalahan Livestock Res. Inst. Turkey, 35: 26-43.

12:  Daniel, S.J., Q.Z. Hasan and K. Nath, 1986. A compensatory growth in crossbred calves fed on urea molasses liquid diet. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 56: 979-981.

13:  Devendra, C., 1993. Sustainable Animal Production from Small Farm Systems in South East Asia. FAO., Rome, Italy

14:  Dolberg, F., 1980. Different ways of keeping straw during treatment with urea. M.Sc. Thesis, Department General Animal Science BAU, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

15:  Doyle, P.T., C. Devendra and G.R. Pearce, 1986. Rice Straw as a Feed for Ruminants. Universities and Colleges Ltd., Canberra, Australia

16:  FAO, 1996. Production Yearbook. Vol. 50, FAO., Rome, Italy

17:  FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1997. Production Yearbook. Vol. 51, FAO., Rome, Italy

18:  FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), 1998. Production Yearbook. Vol. 52, FAO., Rome, Italy

19:  GOB (Government of Bangladesh), 1991. Report of the Task Forces on Bangladesh Development Strategies of the 1990. Vol. 2-4, University Press Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh

20:  Grant, R.J., V.E. Colenbrander and J.L. Albright, 1990. Effect of particle size of forage and rumen cannulation upon chewing activity and laterality in dairy cows. J. Dairy Sci., 73: 3158-3164.
Direct Link  |  

21:  Haque, M., C.H. Davis, M. Saadullah and F. Dolberg, 1984. A note on the performance of cattle fed treated paddy straw with animal urine as a source of ammonia. Trop. Anim. Prod., 8: 276-278.

22:  Hashem, M.A., M. Moniruzzaman, S. Akter and M.M. Hossain, 1999. Cattle fattening by rural farmers in different district of Bangladesh. Bangladesh J. Anim. Sci., 28: 81-88.

23:  Hicks, R.B., F.N. Owens and D.R. Gill, 1989. Behavioral patterns of feedlot steers. Anim. Sci. Res. Rep., 127: 94-105.

24:  Hossain, M.M., 1986. Study of the cattle fattening program by landless and youth. J. Anim. Sci., 15: 85-88.

25:  Hossain, M.S., M.M. Hossain, M.A. Hashem and R.N. Ali, 1996. Transfer of feeding technology to promote cattle production at village level. Bangladash J. Anim. Sci., 25: 51-56.

26:  Huffman, K.L., M.F. Miller, L.C. Hoover, C.K. Wu, H.C. Brittin and C.B. Ramsey, 1996. Effect of beef tenderness on consumer satisfaction with steaks consumed in the home and restaurant. J. Anim. Sci., 74: 91-97.
Direct Link  |  

27:  Huque, K.S. and S.A. Chowdhury, 1995. Study on the supplementing effects on feeding systems of molasses and urea on methane and microbial nitrogen production in the rumen and growth performances of bulls fed a straw diet. Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 10: 206-209.

28:  Huque, K.S. and S.A. Chowdhury, 1997. Study on the supplementing effects on feeding systems of molasses and urea on methane and microbial nitrogen production in the rumen and growth performances of bulls fed a straw diet. Asian Aust. J. Anim. Sci., 10: 35-46.

29:  Jorge, A.M., C.A.D.A. Fontes, M.F. Paulino, P.J. Gomes and J.N. Ferreira, 1998. Fattening performance of bulls of four Zebu breeds slaughter at different stage of maturity: I. Weight and carcass gain and feed conversion efficiency. Revista Brasileria Zootecnia, 27: 766-769.

30:  Kang, W.S., S.C. Lee, E.S. Chung, S. Seo, S.K. Yoon and Y.H. Moon, 1996. Effect of castration, diet and market weight on performance and beef quality of fattening of holstein calves. RDA J. Agric. Sci., 38: 610-618.
Direct Link  |  

31:  Lozand, D.E., F.J.D. Garza, R.R. Chacon and C.C. Eliascalle, 1987. Effects of steers of diets based on molasses and urea or sorghum grain with two different protein sources and restricted forage. Nutr. Abstr. Rev. Ser., 54: 79-79.

32:  Manget, R.G. and B.N. Gupta, 1991. Effect of supplementing of urea molasses mineral block and wheat straw based diet on digestibility of nutrients and nitrogen balance. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 46: 247-252.

33:  Manurung, T. and M. Zulbardi, 1996. The improvement of rice straw quality by urea molasses treatment. J. Iimu-Ternak-dan-Vet., 2: 33-37.

34:  Nogalski, Z. and Z. Kijak, 1998. The effect of crossing black and white cattle with the limousin breed on fattening capacity and slaughter value of the crossbreds. Roczniki Naukowe Zootechniki, 25: 23-34.
Direct Link  |  

35:  Ozbeyaz, C., T. Yagci and O. Alpan, 1997. Commercial crossbreeding of Jersey cows for beef production using brangus, limousin and simmental sires: II Fattening, slaughtering and carcass characteristics. Lalahan Hayvancilik Arastirma Enstitusu Dergisi, 37: 1-22.

36:  Plasse, D.O.V., J. Beltran, N. Marquez, N. Braschi and A. Benavides, 1995. Annual production trend and genetic and environmental effects in closed herd of Brahman cattle. Arch. Latino Anericanos Prod. Anim., 3: 99-112.

37:  Rahman, S.M.E., 2001. Cattle fattening through urea molasses straw feeding and its effect on intake, growth and carcass characteristics. M.Sc. Thesis, Department Animal Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

38:  Rumsey, T.S., T.H. Elsasser, S. Kahl, W.M. Moseley and M.B. Solomon, 1996. Effects of Synovex-SR and recombinant bovine growth hormone (Somavubove R) on growth responses of steers: I Performance and composition of gain. J. Anim. Sci., 74: 2917-2928.

39:  Saadullah, M. and M.M. Hossain, 2000. Quantification of Locally Available Feed Resources and Feeding Systems of Animal in Different Regions of Bangladesh. BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh

40:  Saadullah, M., M. Haque and F. Dolberg, 1980. Treating rice straw with animal urine. Trop. Anim. Prod., 5: 89-97.

41:  Saadullah, M., M. Haque and F. Dolberg, 1982. Treated and untreated straw for growing cattle. Trop. Anim. Prod., 7: 20-25.

42:  Sabur, S.A., M.J. Alam and M.A. Halim, 2000. An agribusiness study on beef and beef products in Dhaka city. Bangladesh J. Anim. Sci., 29: 35-46.

43:  Sarker, N.R., M. Saadullah, M. Haque, B. Hossain and D. Begum, 1990. Effect of urea supplementation on feed intake and milk production in indigenous cows. Bangladesh Vet., 7: 85-88.

44:  Singh, L.S.K. and J.M. Patel, 1996. Efficiency of growth and economics of raising jersey kenkrej F1 and inter-Se crossbred male calves. Indian J. Anim. Prod. Mange., 12: 87-92.

45:  Tareque, A.M.M., 1985. Bangladesh Pashupushti Bartaman Porishthiti Samashyaboli. BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh

46:  Tareque, A.M.M. and M. Saadullah, 1988. Feed Availability, Requirements for Animals and Current Pattern of Utilization in Bangladesh. International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada

47:  Wahiduzzaman, M., 1981. An economic study of meat marketing in mymensingh town and the pattern of consumption. M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Co-Operation and Marketing, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, Bangladesh.

48:  Varlyakov, I., K. Sivkova, H. Trufchev, M. Tzankova, W.G. Vale and V.H. Barnabe, 1994. Influence of stucture of the diet on feeding behavior of buffalo calves and calves. Proc. 4th World Buffalo Cong. Sao Paulo Brazil, 2: 260-262.

49:  Schiere, J.B. and M.N.M. Ibrahim, 1989. Feeding of Urea-Ammonia Treated Rice Straw: A Compilation of Miscellaneous Reports Produced by the Straw Utilization Project (Sri Lanka). Pudoc Publication, Wageningen

50:  Rahman, M.S., 1992. Dairy development in Bangladesh. Proceedings of 4th National Conference of Bangladesh Animal Husbandry Association, (NCBAHA'92), Bangladesh, pp: 84-88

51:  Saadullah, M., 1991. Availability and utilization of animal feed resources for nutrient production in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the Workshop on Livestock Development in Bangladesh, Jul. 16-18, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka , Bangladesh, pp: 76-93

52:  Ahmed, N., 1992. Problems and prospects of livestock in Bangladesh. Proceedings of the Workshop of Livestock Development in Bangladesh, July 16-18, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladsh, pp: 8-14

53:  Assaduzzaman, M., 1996. Livestock sector economic development and poverty alleviation: A keynote paper presented at the seminar on small scale livestock farming opportunities for self-employment and poverty alleviation. Proceedings of the 5th National Conference of the Bangladesh Animal Husbandry Association, Dhaka.

54:  Chowdhury, S.A., K.S. Haque, M. Khatun and F. Dolberg, 1995. Algae in animal production. Proceedings of the Agricultural Science of Biodiversity and Sustain Ability Workshop, Apr. 3-7, Denmark, pp: 181-191

55:  Haq, S., 1992. Livestock development in Bangladesh some reflections. Proceedings of the Workshop on Livestock Development in Bangladesh, July 16-18, Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute, Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp: 15-24

56:  Hossain, K.M., T.N. Nahar, A.I. Talukdar and S.S. Kibria, 1995. Beef fattening by rural women. Proceedings of the a Workshop on Case Studies, Aug. 27-28, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp: 65-72

57:  Hossain, K.M., T.N. Nahar, A.I. Talukder and S.S. Kibria, 1996. Beef fattening by rural women. Proceedings of the a National Workshop on Case Studies Success Stories of Women in Agriculture. Aug. 27-28, 1995, BARC, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

58:  Hossain, S.M.A. and A.B.M.M. Alam, 1993. Farmers Genunity and Indigenous Knowledge in Developing Sustainable Farming System. GTI, UK., pp: 254-274

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved