In Balochistan due to no rain and snow fall which was held responsible for increasing water table, affected Karezes and Tubewells so badly that most of the orchards became dried. The water table declined up to 7 meters annually, and it was not possible for farmers to meet the situation in time. The most of the orchards were either uprooted or replaced by vegetable growing. Data revealed that the plant mortality rate due to drought was higher in S.H.Balochistan i.e., 242.38 trees as compared to the N.H.Balochistan i.e., 240.98 trees. The overall losses of the major fruits was higher in N.H.Balochistan i.e., 54.39 % as to the S.H.Balochistan which was 39.76 %. Results indicated that Kareze and springs became dried as and when the water table become declined. The reduction in yield was estimated as 80% due to irrigation water shortage and 20 % due to high evaporation rate in terms of high temperature. From the survey it is evident that the drought during the year effected the yield and social life of the farmers.
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Nisar Ali Shah, Mohammad Afzal, Syed Mohammad Khair and M.R. Khan, 2001. Effect of Drought on the Performance of Major Fruits During-2000, in Highland Balochistan. Journal of Biological Sciences, 1: 1095-1097.