Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Household Energy Consumption in Qom, Iran



Ebrahimi Mehrzad, Alizadeh Masoud and Ebrahimi Mansour
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Petrol is heavily subsidized in Iran which has led both to very high consumption levels and a big smuggling problem as petrol is transported out of Iran's border areas for re-sale in neighboring countries, where petrol prices are much higher. Also, a shortage of refineries combined with wasteful consumption means that Iran regularly imports petrol despite being one of the world's biggest oil producers. To look at the different variables contributing to wasteful consumption of fuel in Iran and the effect of governmental gradual increase of fuel prices, this study questioned 600 family warden views in Qom, Iran. The results showed that more than two third of samples have heard or read at least one news about energy saving and quoted TV as main source of their information while 55% mentioned all fossils resources would be finish in near future and urged optimum energy consumption as the best way to tackle energy crisis (82%), with 85% asked for more media propagation to change wrong cultural behaviors in Qom. Nearly half of the people said that governmental plan to increase domestic price of high octane and regular gasoline annually had little or no effect on fuel consumption and majority of them mentioned cultural changes as the best tools and nearly the same rate were worried about air pollution as the immediate result of uncontrolled fuel consumption in Qom. The results also showed that with increase in each year education of family warden, decreases fuel expenses 11.2% in hot seasons and 1240000 Iranian Rials (IR-R) in cold seasons while increase in family members’ size adds 288660 (IR-R) per member to base family size (2) and for each member of family which works outside the house, family energy expenses increase 234470 IR-R. And finally the results showed fuel (or energy) expenses in cold months in Qom is higher than other months and family warden education showed more effect to reduce those expenses during mild months but less during hot months. Therefore it is recommended that urgent actions should be done to change society behavior and teach more about new methods of energy saving while current actions such as increase in fuel price should be revised completely.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

Ebrahimi Mehrzad, Alizadeh Masoud and Ebrahimi Mansour, 2007. Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Household Energy Consumption in Qom, Iran. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 2876-2880.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2876.2880

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2007.2876.2880

REFERENCES
Akiner, S., 2004. The Caspian: Politics, Energy and Security. Routledge Curzon, London, New York.

Anonymous, 1996. Asia gas study. International Energy Agency, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, Paris, France.

Anonymous, 1998. Caspian oil and gas: The supply potential of central Asia and Transcaucasia. International Emergy Agency, Emergy Charter Secretariat, European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport. Paris, The Agency.

Anonymous, 2005. Energy indicators for sustainable development: Guidelines and methodologies. International Atomic Energy Agency.

Anonymous, 2006. Education on energy: Teaching tomorrow's energy consumers. Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, International Emergy Agency, Emergy Charter Secretariat, European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport.

Bakhtiari, A.M.S. and F. Shahbudaghlou, 2000. Energy consumption in the Islamic Republic of Iran. OPEC Rev., 24: 211-233.
Direct Link  |  

Boeker, E. and R.V. Grondelle, 1995. Environmental Physics. John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp: 232-289.

Chubin, S., 2006. Iran's Nuclear Ambitions. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Carnegie Publishing, Washington DC., pp: 343-402.

Davoudpour, H. and M.S. Ahadi, 2006. The potential for greenhouse gases mitigation in household sector of Iran: Cases of price reform/efficiency improvement and scenario for 2000-2010. Energy Policy, 34: 40-49.
Direct Link  |  

Elliott, D., 1997. Energy, Society and Environment: Technology for a Sustainable Future. Routledge, London, New York.

Elliott, D., 2003. Energy, Society and Environment: Technology for a Sustainable Future. Routledge, London, New York.

Farmaker, R., 1977. Transactions of the Iran conference on transfer of nuclear technology, April 10-14, 1977, Persepolis/Shiraz, Iran. Hinsdale, Ill. Tehran, Iran, American Nuclear Society: Atomic Energy Organization of Iran.

Garver, J.W., 2006. China and Iran: Ancient Partners in a Post-Imperial World. University of Washington Press, Seattle, Washington.

Healey, J., 2007. Greenhouse Pollution. Spinney Press, Thirroul, N.S.W.,. pp: 129-187.

Hessari, F.A., 2005. Sectoral energy consumption in Iran. Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 9: 203-214.
Direct Link  |  

Jamasb, T.W., J. Nuttall and M.G. Pollitt, 2006. Future Electricity Technologies and Systems. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Jensen, J. and D. Tarr, 2003. Trade, exchange rate and energy pricing reform in Iran: Potentially large efficiency effects and gains to the poor. Rev. Dev. Econ., 7: 543-562.
Direct Link  |  

Jesper, J. and D. Tarr, 2002. Trade, foreign exchange and energy policies in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Reform Agenda, Economic Implications and Impact on the Poor. London.

John, P.W., 2001. Overview of energy modeling forum process and studies. 4th Sino-Korea-US., Economic and Environmental Modeling Workshop, Beijing, China.

Lyster, R. and A.J. Bradbrook, 2006. Energy Law and the Environment. Cambridge University Press, New York, Port Melbourne.

Pelletiere, S.C., 2004. America's Oil Wars. Praeger, Westport, CT.

Tbernard, J.M. Lemieux and S. Thivierge, 1987. Residential energy demand: An integrated two-level approach. Energy Econ., 9: 139-144.

Thail, H., 1966. Applied Economic Forecasting. North Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam.

Tietenberg, T.H., 2006. Environmental and Natural Resource Economics. Addison Wesley, Boston.

Verrinder, A., 2001. La Trobe university. Faculty of Human Ecology and Health. Bendigo, School of Health and Environment.

Wesley, M., 2006. Energy Security in Asia. Routledge, New York, pp: 148-193.

Zimerman, M.B. and D.R. Bohi, 1984. An update on econometric studies of energy demand behavior. Ann. Rev. Energy, 9: 105-154.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved