Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Arsenic(III) Removal from Contaminated Water using Silica Ceramic: A Batch Adsorption Study

Md. Salim , Yukihiro Munekage and Kyaw Min Naing
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

The silica ceramic (S-K) has been used as a potential low-cost adsorbent for the removal of As(III) from contaminated water in batch studies. Results showed that an adsorbent dose at 90 g L-1 could effectively remove 96% of As(III) from initial concentration of 0.5 mg L-1 within 3 h. It was also reveled that As(III) uptake increased with increasing contact time and As(III) concentration decreased with increasing adsorbent dosage. It was observed that As(III) removal is relatively dependent on pH and temperature variations. High adsorption of As(III) was found at pH 7.5 and at 25 °C. The adsorption equilibrium data followed both Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. The Freundlich isotherm provided the best correlation for the adsorption of As(III) onto the silica ceramic. The maximum capacity of adsorption was found (qm) 1.1041 mg g-1 at different concentrations at 40 g L-1 fixed adsorption dosage. The results suggest that silica ceramic (S-K) is a potential adsorbent for removal As(III) ions effectively from contaminated water.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Md. Salim , Yukihiro Munekage and Kyaw Min Naing , 2007. Arsenic(III) Removal from Contaminated Water using Silica Ceramic: A Batch Adsorption Study . Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 2314-2320.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2314.2320


1:  Altundogan, H.S., S. Altundogan, T. Fikret and B. Memune, 2002. Arsenic adsorption from aqueous solutions by activated red mud. Waste Manage., 22: 357-363.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Ayoob, S., A.K. Gupta and P.B. Bhakat, 2007. Performance evaluation of modified calcined bauxite in the sorptive removal of arsenic (III) from aqueous environment. Coll. and Surf. A: Phys. Chem. Eng. Asp., 293: 247-254.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Berg, M., H.C. Tran, T.C. Nguyen, H.V. Pham, R. Schertenleib and W. Giger, 2001. Arsenic contamination of groundwater in Vietnam: A human health threat. Environ. Sci. Technol., 35: 2621-2626.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Chowdhury, U.K., B.K. Biswas, T.R. Chowdhury, G. Samanta and B.K. Mandal et al., 2000. Groundwater arsenic contamination in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India. Environ. Health Perspect., 108: 393-397.
Direct Link  |  

5:  Cullen, W.R. and K.J. Reimer, 1989. Arsenic specification in the environment. Chem. Rev., 89: 713-764.

6:  Das, D., A. Chatterjee, B.K. Mandal, G. Samanta, D. Chakraborti and B. Chanda, 1995. Arsenic in ground water in six districts of West Bengal, India: The biggest arsenic calamity in the world. Part 2. Arsenic concentration in drinking water, hair, nails, urine, skin-scale and liver tissue (biopsy) of the affected people. Analyst, 120: 917-924.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

7:  Driehaus, W., M. Jekel and U. Hildebrandt, 1998. Granular ferric hydroxide. A new adsorbent for the removal of arsenic from natural water. Aqua, 47: 30-35.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Ferguson, J.F. and J. Davis, 1972. A review of the arsenic cycle in natural waters. Water Res., 6: 1259-1274.

9:  Genc, H., J.C. Tjell, D. McConchie and O. Schuiling, 2003. Adsorption of arsenic from water using neutralized red mud. Colloid Inter. Sci., 264: 327-334.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Gupta, V.K., V.K. Saini and N. Jain, 2005. Adsorption of As(III) from aqueous solutions by iron oxide-coated sand. J. Colloid Inter. Sci., 288: 55-60.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Hering, J.G., 1996. Arsenic removal by ferric chloride. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 88: 155-167.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Huang, C.P. and L.M. Vane, 1989. Enhancing As(V) removal by a Fe(II)-treated activated carbon. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed., 61: 1596-1603.

13:  Joshi, A. and M. Chaudhuri, 1996. Removal of arsenic from ground water by iron oxide coated sand. J. Environ. Eng., 122: 769-771.
Direct Link  |  

14:  Korte, N.E. and Q. Fernando, 1991. A review of arsenic (III) in groundwater. Criti. Rev. Environ. Sci. Technol., 21: 1-39.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

15:  Kundu, S., S.S. Kavalakatt, A. Pal, S.K. Ghosh, M. Mandal and T. Pal, 2004. Removal of arsenic using hardened paste of Portland cement: Batch adsorption and column study. Water Res., 38: 3780-3790.

16:  Kundu, S. and A.K. Gupta, 2007. As(III) removal from aqueous medium in fixed bed using iron oxide-coated cement (IOCC): Experimental and modeling studies. Chem. Eng. J., 129: 123-131.
Direct Link  |  

17:  McNeill, L.S. and M. Edwards, 1997. Predicting as removal during metal hydroxide precipitation. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 89: 75-86.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Meng, X., S. Banga and G.P. Korfiatis, 2000. Effects of silicate, sulfate and carbonate on arsenic removal by ferric chloride. Water Res., 34: 1255-1261.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Min, J.H. and J.G. Hering, 1998. Arsenate sorption by Fe(III)-doped Alginate gels. Water Res., 32: 1544-1552.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Roberts, L.C., S.J. Hug, T. Ruettimann, A.W. Khan and M.T. Rahman, 2004. Arsenic removal with iron(II) and iron(III) in waters with high silicate and phosphate concentrations. Environ. Sci. Technol., 38: 307-315.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

21:  Singh, T.S. and K.K. Pant, 2004. Equlibrium, kinetics and thermodynamic studies for adsorption of As(III) on activated alumina. Separ. Purif. Technol., 36: 139-147.
Direct Link  |  

22:  Sorg, T.J. and G.S. Logsdon, 1978. Treatment technology to meet the interim primary drinking water regulations for inorganic. Part 2. J. Am. Water Works Assoc., 70: 379-393.

23:  Thirunavukkarasu, O.S., T. Viraraghavan and K.S. Subramanian, 2003. Arsenic removal from drinking water using iron oxide-coated sand. Water Air Soil Pollut., 42: 95-111.
CrossRef  |  

24:  Tseng, W.P., H.M. Chu, S.W. How, J.M. Fong, C.S. Lin and S. Yeh, 1968. Prevalence of skin cancer in an endemic area of chronic arsenicism in Taiwan. J. Nat. Cancer Inst., Taiwan, 40: 453-463.

25:  Vagliasandi, F.G.A. and M.M. Benjamin, 1998. Arsenic removal in fresh and nom-preloaded ion exchange packed bed adsorption reactors. Water Sci. Technol., 38: 337-343.
Direct Link  |  

26:  Wilkie, J.A. and J.G. Hering, 1996. Adsorption of arsenic on to hydrous ferric oxide: Effects of adsorbate/adsorbent ratios and co-occuring solutes. Colloids Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects., 107: 97-110.
Direct Link  |  

27:  Xu, Y.H., T. Nakajima and A. Ohki, 2002. Adsorption and removal of arsenic from drinking water by aluminum-loaded Shirasu-zeolite. J. Hazardous Mater., B92: 275-287.
Direct Link  |  

28:  Zang, F.S. and H. Itoh, 2005. Iron oxide-loaded slag for arsenic removal from aqueous system. Chemosphere, 60: 319-325.
Direct Link  |  

29:  Zeng, L., 2003. A Method for preparing silica-containing iron(III) oxide adsorbents for arsenic removal. Water Res., 37: 4351-4358.
Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved