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Research Article

Antinutrients Evaluation of Staple Food in Ebonyi State, South-Eastern, Nigeria

C.O. Edeogu , F.C. Ezeonu , A.N.C. Okaka , C.E. Ekuma and S.O. EIom
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Evaluating the levels of antinutrients in the staple foods is an important aspect of nutritional studies. The levels of these antinutrients were quantitatively estimated in staple foods in a major food producing rural areas of Ebonyi State, South-Eastern Nigeria using spectrophotometric method. Results indicated that phytate was not detected in tubers while legumes recorded the highest mean values of phytate (260.07 mg-1). The oxalate levels of legumes were significantly high compared to tubers and cereals (p< 0.000). Tubers had the highest mean. Concentration of cyanogenic glycoside 15.20 mg g-1 followed by legumes while cereals were the least correlation analysis shows that the cyanogenic glycoside was negatively related to all other antinutrients except tannin. Also tannin was related to all other antinutrients except cyanogenic glycoside. Interestingly, all other antinutrients were positively related to each other except cyanogenic glycoside and tannins. The consumption of staple foods rich in these antinutrients pose a health risk to livestock and poor communities that reside around the study sites, especially children.

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  How to cite this article:

C.O. Edeogu , F.C. Ezeonu , A.N.C. Okaka , C.E. Ekuma and S.O. EIom , 2007. Antinutrients Evaluation of Staple Food in Ebonyi State, South-Eastern, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 2293-2299.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2293.2299


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