Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article
 

Antinutrients Evaluation of Staple Food in Ebonyi State, South-Eastern, Nigeria



C.O. Edeogu , F.C. Ezeonu , A.N.C. Okaka , C.E. Ekuma and S.O. EIom
 
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail
ABSTRACT

Evaluating the levels of antinutrients in the staple foods is an important aspect of nutritional studies. The levels of these antinutrients were quantitatively estimated in staple foods in a major food producing rural areas of Ebonyi State, South-Eastern Nigeria using spectrophotometric method. Results indicated that phytate was not detected in tubers while legumes recorded the highest mean values of phytate (260.07 mg-1). The oxalate levels of legumes were significantly high compared to tubers and cereals (p< 0.000). Tubers had the highest mean. Concentration of cyanogenic glycoside 15.20 mg g-1 followed by legumes while cereals were the least correlation analysis shows that the cyanogenic glycoside was negatively related to all other antinutrients except tannin. Also tannin was related to all other antinutrients except cyanogenic glycoside. Interestingly, all other antinutrients were positively related to each other except cyanogenic glycoside and tannins. The consumption of staple foods rich in these antinutrients pose a health risk to livestock and poor communities that reside around the study sites, especially children.

Services
Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

 
  How to cite this article:

C.O. Edeogu , F.C. Ezeonu , A.N.C. Okaka , C.E. Ekuma and S.O. EIom , 2007. Antinutrients Evaluation of Staple Food in Ebonyi State, South-Eastern, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 2293-2299.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2293.2299

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2007.2293.2299

REFERENCES
1:  Alastair, B.R., P.S. Geoffrey, J.M. Richard and V. Leo, 1999. Oxalates in oca New Zealand yam-Oxalis tuberose Mol. J. Agric. Food Chem., 47: 5019-5022.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Allison, M.J., S.L. Daniel and N.A. Cornick, 1995. Oxalate Degrading Bacteria. In: Calcium Oxalate in Biological System, Khan, S.R. (Ed.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, pp: 131-168.

3:  AOAC., 1984. Standard Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Analytical Chemists. 14 Edn., Association of Analytic Chemists, Washington DC.

4:  Bradbury, M.G., S.V. Egan and J.H. Bradbury, 1999. Determination of all forms of cyanogens in cassava roots and cassava products using picrate paper kits. J. Sci. Food Agric., 79: 593-601.
Direct Link  |  

5:  Conn, E.E., 1979. Cyanide and Cyanogenic Glycosides. In: Herbvivores: Their Interaction with Secondary Plant Metabolites, Rosenthal, G.A. and D.H. Janzen (Eds.). Academic Press Inc., New York, London, pp: 387-412.

6:  Conn, E.E., 1979. Cyanogenic Glycosides. In: Biochemistry and Nutrition IA, Neuberger, A. and T.H. Jukes (Eds.). University Park Press, Baltimore, pp: 21-43.

7:  Hartung, R., 1982. Cyanides and Nitrites. In: Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology, Clayton, G.D. and E. Clayton (Eds.). John Wiley and Sons, New York, pp: 4845-4900.

8:  Holmes, R.P. and M. Kennedy, 2000. Estimation of the Oxalate content of foods and daily intake. Kidney Int., 57: 1662-1667.
PubMed  |  Direct Link  |  

9:  Khokhars, E. and B.M. Chauham, 1986. Antinutritional factors in Moth bena (Vagina aconitifolia). Varietals differences and effects of methods of domestic processing and cooking. J. Food Sci., 51: 591-594.

10:  Morris, E.R. and R. Ellis, 1982. Phylate, Wheat Bran and Bioavailability of Dietary Iron. In: Nutritional Biovailability of Dietary Iron, Kies, C. (Ed.). America Chemical Society, Washington DC, pp: 121-141.

11:  Nartey, F., 1980. Toxicological Aspects of Cyanogenesis. In: Tropical Foodstuffs in Toxicology in the Tropics, Smith, R.L. and E.A. Babaumn (Eds.). Taylor and Francis Ltd., London, pp: 53-73.

12:  Oshuntokun, B.O., 1972. A Toxic Neuropathy Associated with High Cassava Diet in West Africa. In: Chronic Cassava Toxicity in the Tropics Nested, B. and R. Melntyre (Eds.). International Development Research Centre, Ottawa, Canada, pp: 16.

13:  OECD, 2003. Consensus document on compositional considerations for new varieties of bread wheat (ttriticum aestivum): key food and feed nutrients. Anti-Nutrients and Toxicants, Paris, Cedex 16 France.

14:  Rosling, H., 1987. Cassava Toxicity and Food Security. Uppsala, Sweden, pp: 340.

15:  Saied, H.T. and A.M. Shamsuddin, 1998. Up-regulation of the tumour suppressor gene P53 and INAFI gene expression by IP6 in HT-29 human colon carcinoma cell line. Anticancer Res., 18: 1479-1484.

16:  Sangketkit, C., G.P. Savage, R.J. martin, S.I. Mason and L. Vanganen, 1999. Oxalate in oca (Oxalis tuberose Mol.) A negative feature? Proc. Pacific Partners Nutr., 24: 44-50.

17:  Sidhu, H., I. Enatska, S. Ogden, W.N. Williams, M.J. Allison and A.B. Peck, 1997. Evaluating children in the ukraine for colonization with the intestinal bacterium Oxalobacterium formigenes using a polymerase chain reaction detection system. Mol. Diagn., 2: 89-97.

18:  Tewe, O.O., 1993. Thyroid Cassava Agency in Animals. In: Cassava Toxicity and Thyroid, Delenge and R. Ahluwlio (Eds.). International Development Research Centrel (IDRC-207), Canada, pp: 114-118.

19:  US Environmental Protection Agency, 1984. Health effects assessment for cyanides. Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office, Cincinnati, for the Emergency and Remedial Response Office, Washington, DC., EPA/540/1-86-011.

20:  US Environmental Protection Agency, 1985. Drinking water criteria document for cyanide (final draft). Environmental Criteria and Assessment Office for the Office of Drinking Water, Cininnati, OH, ECAO-CIN-M42, PB86-117793.

21:  Vennesland, B., P.A. Castric, E.E. Conn, L.P. Solomonson, M. Volini and I. Westley, 1982. Cyanide metabolism. Fed. Proc., 41: 2639-2648.

22:  Vijayakuman, K., P. Siddhuraju and K. Janardhanan, 1996. Effect of domestic processing on the levels of certain antinutrition in Presopis chilensis. Food Chem., 89: 367-371.

23:  Zhou, J.R. and J.W. Jr. Erdman, 1995. Phytic acidS in health and disease: Critical review. Food Sci. Nutr., 35: 495-508.
Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved