Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Bonding Analysis of Amino Resin Wood Adhesive with Pesticide Using Response Surface Method

Awang Bono , Mariani Rajin and Nancy Julius Siambun
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Wood base industries are among the dominant players in Malaysia economic activities. In this research, by using Response Surface Method (RSM), studies of bonding between Disodium Tetraborate Decahydrate (DTD) pesticide and various formulation of wood adhesive i.e., Melamine-Urea-Formaldehyde (MUF) resin is carried out. The RSM formulated twenty-five MUF formulations, consisting combination of different amount of formaldehyde, melamine, urea added in stage-1 and stage-2 of resin synthesis and DTD pesticide. The liquid products of resin are then hardened and tested using Fourier Transformation Infra-Red (FTIR) and visible spectrophotometer (VIS), to analyse the bonding of the resin and pesticide. The data from the FTIR and VIS analysis were then compiled and analysed using Response Surface Method. The results show that, different amount of the formaldehyde, melamine, urea and DTD pesticide, gives specific impact to the strength of MUF resin-pesticide bonding.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Awang Bono , Mariani Rajin and Nancy Julius Siambun , 2007. Bonding Analysis of Amino Resin Wood Adhesive with Pesticide Using Response Surface Method. Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 2076-2079.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.2076.2079


Awang, B., K.B. Yeo and J.S. Nancy, 2003. Effects of process and formula variation on low formaldehyde melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) resin. J. Chem. Eng. Process, Elsevier Germany. March 2003.

Awang, B., Y.K. Beng and N. Siambun, 2003. Melamine-Urea-Formaldehyde (MUF) resin: Effects of reaction stages and molar ratio on resin properties. J. Teknologi, pp: 38.

Bassett, J., R.C. Denney, G.I.I. Jeffery and J. Mendham, 1978. Vogel's Textbook of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis. 4th Edn., William Clowes Limited, London.

Emery, J.A., 1986. Formaldehyde Release from Wood Panel Products Bonded with Phenol Formaldehyde Adhesives. American Chemical Society Symposium Series 316, American Chemical Society, Washington DC.

Nancy, J.S., Y.K. Beng and B. Awang, 2003. Melamine-Urea-Formaldehyde (MUF) resin: Effects of sorbitol on resin properties. Borneo Sci. J., 11: 53-60.

Pizzi, A., 1994. Melamine-Formaldehyde Adhesives. In: Handbook of Adhesive Technology, Pizzi, A. and K.L. Mittal (Eds.), Marcel Dekker Inc., New York.

©  2020 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved