Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Investigation of Lead Binding by Tithonia diversifolia

A.E. Okoronkwo and E.F. Olasehinde
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

Mexican sunflower (Tithonia diversifolia) had been chosen for metal binding studies as a prelude to finding economic use for it. Adsorption capacity, pH-profile and time-dependency studies were conducted using stem biomass of this plant. Results of the investigation showed that over 96% of the lead content of water were adsorbed even in the first 5 min of interaction. Optimum pH of adsorption was recorded as 5 for the metal while the kinetic study conducted showed that the adsorption process follows a pseudo-second order reaction. In order to understand the effect of NaOH modification on the Tithonia diversifolia, batch modification studies were conducted. Results of this modification studies show enhanced metal binding activity. Presence of cations such as calcium and magnesium also interfered with the adsorption process. The adsorption isotherm was apparently Langmuir in nature.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

A.E. Okoronkwo and E.F. Olasehinde , 2007. Investigation of Lead Binding by Tithonia diversifolia . Journal of Applied Sciences, 7: 1589-1595.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2007.1589.1595


1:  Bailey, S.E., T.J. Olin, R.M. Bricka and D.D. Adrian, 1999. A review of potentially low-cost sorbents for heavy metals. Water Res., 33: 2469-2479.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

2:  Benguella, B. and H. Benaissa, 2002. Cadmium removal from aqueous solutions by chitin: Kinetics and equilibrium studies. Water Res., 36: 2463-2474.
CrossRef  |  

3:  Bulut, Y., H. Aydin and Z. Tez, 2005. The removal of heavy metals from aqueous solution by saw dust adsorption. Bull. Pure Applied Sci., 24C: 4-14.

4:  Carvalho, R.P., K.H. Chong and B. Volesky, 1994. Effects of leached alginate on metal biosorption. Biotechnol. Lett., 16: 875-880.
Direct Link  |  

5:  Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., K.J. Tiemann, J.H. Gonzales, J.A. Henning and M.S. Towsend, 1996. Ability of silica-immobilized Medicago sativa (alfalfa) to remove copper ions from solution. J. Harzadous Mater., 48: 181-190.
Direct Link  |  

6:  Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., K.J. Tiemann, J.H. Gonzales, J.A. Henning and M.S. Towsend, 1996. Biosorption of cadmium, chromium, lead and zinc by biomass of Medicago sativa (alfalfa). Proceedings of the 11th Annual Conference on Hazadous Waste Research, May 21-23, 1996, Kansas State University, Manhattan, pp: 209-214.

7:  Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., K.J. Tiemann, J.H. Gonzales and Orodriguez, 1997. Phytofiltration of hazardous metal ions by alfalfa: A study of calcium and magnesium interferences. J. Hazardous Mater., 56: 169-179.
Direct Link  |  

8:  Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., K.J. Tiemann, K. Dokken and G. Gamez, 1998. Investigation of metal binding in alfalfa biomass through Chemical modification of Amino and sulfhydryl ligand. Proceedings of the Conference on Hazardous Waste Research, May 18-21, 1998, IEEE Xplore, pp: 111-121.

9:  Gardea-Torresdey J.L., K.J. Tiemann, A. Hernandez, O. Rodriguez and S. Sias, 1998. Enhanced metal-binding capacity of NaOH treated Larrea-Tridentata leaf Tissue. Proceeding of the Conference on Hazardous Waste Research, May 18-21, 1998, IEEE Xplore, pp: 101-110.

10:  Gardea-Torresdey, J.L., G.D. Rosa and J.R. Peralta-Videa, 2004. Use of Phytofiltration technologies in the removal of heavy metals: A review. Pure Applied Chem., 76: 801-813.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

11:  Hamdaoui, O., 2006. Batch study of liquid-phase adsorptin of methlene blue using ceder sawdust and crushed brick. J. Hazardous Mater., B135: 264-273.
Direct Link  |  

12:  Ho, Y.S. and G. McKay, 1999. Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes. Proces. Biochem., 34: 451-465.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

13:  Ho, Y.S. and G. McKay, 2003. Sorption of dyes and copper ions onto biosorbents. Process Biochem., 33: 1047-1061.
Direct Link  |  

14:  Ikerra, S.T., E. Semu and J.P. Mrema, 2006. Combining Tithonia diversifolia and minjingu phosphate rock for improvement of P availability and maize grain yeilds on a chromic acrisol in Morogoro, Tanzania. Nutr. Cycling Agroecosyst., 76: 249-260.
Direct Link  |  

15:  Jain, C.K., 2001. Hydrological sciences. J. Sci. Hydrologiques, 46: 419-419.

16:  Kuyucak, N. and B. Volesky, 1989. The mechanism of cobalt biosorption. Biotechnol. Bioeng., 33: 823-831.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

17:  Low, K.S., C.K. Lee and S.C. Liew, 2000. Sorption of cadmium and lead from aqueous solutions by spent grain. Process Biochem., 36: 59-64.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Marshall, W.E. and M.M. Jones, 1996. Agricultural by-products as metal adsorbent: Sorption properties and resistance to mechanical abrasion. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol., 66: 192-198.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Nui, H., X.S. Xu, J.H. Wang and B. Volesky, 1993. Removal of lead from aqueous solutions by penicillium biomass. Biotechnol. Bio. Eng., 42: 785-787.
Direct Link  |  

20:  Veglio, F., F. Beolchini and A. Gasbarro, 1997. Biosorption of toxic metals: An equilibrium study using free cells of Arthrobacter sp. Process Biochem., 32: 99-105.
Direct Link  |  

21:  Volesky, B. and H.A. May-Philips, 1995. Biosorption of heavy metals by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Applied Microbiol. Biotechnol., 42: 797-806.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

22:  Weber, W.J. and J.C. Morris, 1963. Kinetics of adsorption on carbon from solution. J. Sanit. Eng. Div., 89: 31-60.
Direct Link  |  

23:  Yin, P.H., Q.M. Yu and Z. Ling, 1999. Biosorption removal of cadmium from aqueous solution by using pretreated fungal biomass cultured from starch wastewater. Water Res., 33: 1960-1963.
Direct Link  |  

24:  Zafar, M.N., R. Nadeem and M.A. Hanif, 2007. Biosorption of nickel from protonated rice bran. J. Hazardous Mater., 143: 478-485.
Direct Link  |  

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved