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Research Article
 

Variation in Morphological Properties and Particle Size Distribution of Alfisols, Inceptisols and Entisols in the Gubi Soil Series, Bauchi, Nigeria



N. Voncir , T. Kparmwang , A.A. Amba and A.M. Hassan
 
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ABSTRACT

The morphology and particle size distribution of three different soils Alfisols, Inceptisols and Entisols in the Gubi Soil Series, Bauchi were studied. The investigation revealed that the soils were generally deep and sandy in texture although the Entisol contains more silt than the sand fraction. Both the Afisols and Inceptisols had transitional horizons between the A and B horizons and also contain kandic (k) horizons. The topsoil colours in the Alfisols and Inceptisols were dominantly dark brown while the subsoils were yellowish to yellowish brown. The Entisols had dark yellowish brown to dark gray colour at the surface and light gray to olive brown in the subsoil. Soil structure was weak coarse subangular blocky for the Inceptisols and Alfisos (except for one profile in the Alfisol which together with the Entisols was structureless. Soil consistence was moist and friable or moist and very friable across soil types. There was evidence of organism (roots) in all the profile with plenty iron concretions and calcium nodules. A proper management of these soils will require additions of organic matter and fertilization with inorganic fertilizers for optimum crop production.

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  How to cite this article:

N. Voncir , T. Kparmwang , A.A. Amba and A.M. Hassan , 2006. Variation in Morphological Properties and Particle Size Distribution of Alfisols, Inceptisols and Entisols in the Gubi Soil Series, Bauchi, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6: 2821-2824.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2006.2821.2824

URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2006.2821.2824

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