Research Article

# Technical Note-An Integrated Single-vendor Single-buyer Inventory System with Shortage Derived Algebraically Maw-Liann Shyu, Yung-Fu Huang and Hung-Fu Huang

ABSTRACT

Earlier studies derived the integrated vendor-buyer system with shortages using algebraic method to determine the optimal replenishment policy. In this note, we will offer a simple algebraic approach to replace their sophisticated algebraic skill.

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 How to cite this article: Maw-Liann Shyu, Yung-Fu Huang and Hung-Fu Huang , 2006. Technical Note-An Integrated Single-vendor Single-buyer Inventory System with Shortage Derived Algebraically. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6: 1628-1630. DOI: 10.3923/jas.2006.1628.1630 URL: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=jas.2006.1628.1630

INTRODUCTION

The EOQ (Economic Order Quantity) model is widely used by practitioners as a decision-making tool for the control of inventory. However, for minimizing the total relevant costs, in most previous all published papers that have been derived using differential calculus to find the optimal solution and the need to prove optimality condition with second-order derivatives. The mathematical methodology is difficult to many younger students who lack the knowledge of calculus. Grubbström and Erdem (1999) and Cárdenas-Barrón (2001) showed that the formulae for the EOQ and EPQ with backlogging derived without differential calculus. This algebraic approach could therefore be used easily to introduce the basic inventory theories to younger students who lack the knowledge of calculus. But Ronald et al. (2004) thought that their algebraic procedure is too sophisticated to be absorbed by ordinary readers. Hence, Ronald et al. (2004) derived a procedure to transform a two-variable problem into two steps and then, in each step, they solve a one-variable problem using only the algebraic method without referring to calculus. Recently, Chang et al. (2005) rewrote the objective function of Ronald et al. (2004) such that the usual skill of completing the square can handle the problem without using their sophisticated method.

Recently, we study the paper of Wu and Ouyang (2003) that extended Yang and Wee’s model (2002) to investigated the integrated single-vendor single-buyer inventory system with shortage using algebraic method. But Wu and Ouyang’s (2003) method had the same problem as Grubbström and Erdem (1999) and Cárdenas-Barrón (2001) described as Ronald et al. (2004). Therefore, in this note, we will offer a simple algebraic approach same as Chang et al. (2005) to replace Wu and Ouyang’s (2003) sophisticated algebraic skill. This method can be easily accepted for ordinary readers and may be used to introduce the basic inventory theories to younger students who lack the knowledge of calculus as Grubbström and Erdem (1999) and Cárdenas-Barrón (2001) stated.

ALGEBRAIC IMPROVEMENT IN THE WU AND OUYANG’S MODEL

We adopt the same notation and assumptions as Wu and Ouyang (2003) in this note. From Eq. 4 in Wu and Ouyang (2003), we know the integrated vendor-buyer total cost per year, TC(Q, B), can be expressed as (1)

Our goal is to find the minimum solution of TC(Q, B) by algebraic approach. Then we rewrite Eq. 1 as (2)

It implies that when Q is given, we can set B as to get the minimum value of TC(Q, B) as follows: (3)

Then we rewrite Eq. 3 as (4)

Then we can obtain the optimal buyer’s lot size (5)

and the optimal buyer’s maximum shortage level (6)

Therefore, the minimum value of the integrated vendor-buyer total cost per year TC(Q*, B*) is (7)

Equation 5-7, in this note, are the same as equations in Wu and Ouyang (2003), respectively. Our procedure avoids the difficult decomposition, as in Eq. 5 in Wu and Ouyang (2003). We think this method can be easily accepted for ordinary readers and may be used to introduce the basic inventory theories to younger students who lack the knowledge of calculus.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This study is partly supported by NSC Taiwan, project No. NSC 94-2416-H-324-003 and we also would like to thank the CYUT to finance this article.

REFERENCES
1:  Cardenas-Barron, L.E., 2001. The economic production quantity (EPQ) with shortage derived algebraically. Int. J. Prod. Econ., 70: 289-292.
CrossRef  |

2:  Chang, S.K.J., J.P.C. Chuang and H.J. Chen, 2005. Short comments on technical note the EOQ and EPQ models with shortages derived without derivatives. Int. J. Prod. Econ., 97: 241-243.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |

3:  Grubbstrom, R.W. and A. Erdem, 1999. The EOQ with backlogging derived without derivatives. Int. J. Prod. Econ., 59: 529-530.
CrossRef  |

4:  Ronald, R.J., G.K. Yang and P. Chu, 2004. Technical note the EOQ and EPQ models with shortages derived without derivatives. Int. J. Prod. Econ., 92: 181-184.

5:  Wu, K.S. and L.Y. Ouyang, 2003. An integrated single-vendor single-buyer inventory system with shortage derived algebraically. Prod. Plan. Control, 14: 555-561.
CrossRef  |

6:  Yang, P.C. and H.M. Wee, 2002. The economic lot size of the integrated vendor-buyer inventory system derived without derivatives. Opt. Contl. Appled Meth., 23: 163-169. ©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved