Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Intercountry Inequality in Some Measure of Well-Being: 1960-1992

Zafar I. Kayani and Ahmed Abdul Ghani
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

In this paper three important inequality measures with convenient decomposition properties are used to compare trends in intercountry inequality in two measures of well-being, namely, the Human Development Index and real income (measured by real GDP per capita in 1985 international dollars). To this end, internationally comparable data on the two measures of well-bieng for the years 1960, 1970, 1980, and 1992 are used. The results indicate that despite the near perfect positive correlation between the two measures of well-begin, the intercountry inequality trends are different, with inequality in HDI exhibiting a downward trend over the four years and that in real income exhibiting an inverted U-curve pattern.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Zafar I. Kayani and Ahmed Abdul Ghani , 2003. Intercountry Inequality in Some Measure of Well-Being: 1960-1992. Journal of Applied Sciences, 3: 120-124.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2003.120.124


1:  Berry, A., F. Bourguignon and C. Morrison, 1983. Changes in the world distribution of income between 1950 and 1977. Econ. J., 93: 331-350.
Direct Link  |  

2:  Bourguignon, F., 1979. Decomposable inequality measures. Econometrica, 47: 901-920.
Direct Link  |  

3:  Chotikapanich, D., R. Valenzuela and D.S.P. Rao, 1997. Global and regional inequality in the distribution of income: Estimation with limited and incomplete data. Empirical Econ., 22: 533-546.
CrossRef  |  Direct Link  |  

4:  Dasgupta, P. and M. Weale, 1992. On measuring quality of life. World Dev., 20: 119-131.

5:  Frank, A.G., 1978. Dependency Accumulation and Underdevelopment MacMillan Publ. Co., London.

6:  Hicks, N. and P. Streeten, 1979. Indicators of development: The search for a basic needs yardstick. World Dev., 7: 567-580.
Direct Link  |  

7:  Maasoumi, E. and J.H. Jeong, 1985. The trend and the measurement of world inequality over extended periods of accounting. Econ. Lett., 19: 295-301.
CrossRef  |  

8:  Pain, L., 1995. Definitions and measurements of well-being: A review of literature. J. Econ. Soc. Measur., 21: 297-309.

9:  Pillarisetti, J.R., 1997. An empirical note on inequality in the world development indicators. Applied Econ. Lett., 4: 145-147.
Direct Link  |  

10:  Rati, R., 1979. International income inequality: 1970 and 1978. Econ. Lett., 4: 187-190.
Direct Link  |  

11:  Ram, R., 1984. Another perspective on changes in international inequality from 1950 to 1980. Econ. Lett., 16: 191-196.
CrossRef  |  

12:  Rati, R., 1992. International inequalities in human development and real income. Econ. Lett., 38: 351-354.
Direct Link  |  

13:  Summers, R., I.B. Kravis and A. Heston, 1981. Inequality Among Nations: 1950 and 1975. In: Disparities in Economic Development Since the Industrial Revolution, Bairoch, P. and M. Levy-Leboyer (Eds.). Macmillan Publishing Co., London.

14:  Summers, R., I.B. Kravis and A. Heston 1984. Changes in the world income distribution. J. Policy Modell., 6: 237-269.

15:  Streeten, P., 1994. Human development: Means and ends. Am. Econ. Rev., 84: 232-237.
Direct Link  |  

16:  Shorrocks, A.F., 1980. The class of additively decomposable inequality measures. Econometrica, 48: 613-625.
Direct Link  |  

17:  Shorrocks, A.F., 1984. Inequality decomposition by population subgroups. Econometrica, 52: 1369-1385.
Direct Link  |  

18:  Summers, R. and A. Heston, 1991. The penn world table (Mark 5): An expanded set of international comparisons, 1950-1988. Q. J. Econ., 106: 327-368.
Direct Link  |  

19:  Henri, T., 1979. World Income inequality and its components. Econ. Lett., 2: 99-102.
CrossRef  |  

20:  Henri, T., 1989. The development of international inequality 1960-1985. J. Econ., 42: 145-155.
Direct Link  |  

21:  Theil, H. and J.L. Seale, 1994. The geographic: Distribution of world income: 1990-1995. Economist, 142: 387-419.

22:  Theil, H., 1967. Economics and Information Theory. North-Holland Published Co., Amsterdam.

23:  UNDP, 1990. Human Development Report 1990. Oxford University Press, New York.

24:  UNDP, 1995. Human Development Report 1995. Oxford University Press, New York.

25:  UNDP, 1997. Human Development Report 1997. Oxford University Press, New York, pp: 158-160.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved