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Research Article

Lead Contamination of Air, Soil and Water in the Vicinty of Rawal Lake, Islamabad

Abbas Khan and M. Jaffar
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The levels of lead in the air, soil and water of Rawal Lake and its vicinity has been determined during the temporal study. The measurement of Pb in air, soil and water appears to be a useful tool for evaluating the potential hazards of the environment. The AA technique was applied for these estimations conducted on 93 samples, 31 of each (air, soil and water) procured from the Rawal Lake. The study revealed that the range of concentration of Pb was around 33.3 to 338.7 μg/m3 in air, 0.6-21.2 mg/kg in soil and BDL to 170 μg/L in water. Standard deviation and geometric mean values elaborate the more random character fair, followed by water and their soil. The data collected shows that almost all the pollution is being generated by automobile exhaust and also that soil and water act as important sink for Pb released through different activities.

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  How to cite this article:

Abbas Khan and M. Jaffar , 2002. Lead Contamination of Air, Soil and Water in the Vicinty of Rawal Lake, Islamabad. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2: 816-819.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2002.816.819


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