Subscribe Now Subscribe Today
Research Article

Arab Unification Movement and the Limited Success: Multi Approach and Poly Causal Analysis

Kamal M.M. Al Astal
Facebook Twitter Digg Reddit Linkedin StumbleUpon E-mail

From its very inception, just before the First War, the doctrine of Arab nationalism was a doctrine of pan-Arabism. The doctrine, then as it took shape during these years, claimed that Arab, because they spoke Arabic, formed a distinct nation, which was entitled. As such to enjoy an autonomous political existence within the Ottoman Empire, or perhaps even to secede from it. The territory which the proponents of pan-Arabism then had in mind comprised the Arabian peninsula (considered by them to be the cradle of the Arab nation), Mesopotamia, and the Levant, i.e., the territories known as Syria, Lebanon and Palestine. Egypt was not part of the Arab world as they envisaged it. Since that time, the Arab world has been gotten its independence. The Arab Unity is still a very important and controversial subject. The Arab World (al-alam al-arabi), or still better, the Arab Fatherland (al-watan al-arabi), refers to that vast stretch of territory from the Atlantic Ocean to the Arab/Persian Gulf. It engulfed all the Arab countries. Arab unification movement has attempted, unsuccessfully, to achieve Arab unity. In this paper I intend to discuss why the Arab unification movement has not achieved this goal. The analysis deals with this paradox.

Related Articles in ASCI
Similar Articles in this Journal
Search in Google Scholar
View Citation
Report Citation

  How to cite this article:

Kamal M.M. Al Astal , 2002. Arab Unification Movement and the Limited Success: Multi Approach and Poly Causal Analysis. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2: 608-618.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2002.608.618


1:  Abercrombie, N., H. Stephen and T. Byayans, 1988. Dictionary of Sociology. 2nd Edn., The Penguine Books, London.

2:  Amin, S., 1978. The Arab NAtion: Nationalism and Class Struggle. Zed Press Ltd., London, UK.

3:  Berberoglu, B., 1998. Power and Stability in the Middle East. Zed Press Ltd., London, UK.

4:  Bill, J.A. and L. Carl, 1979. Politics in the Middle East. Little Brown and Co., Boston.

5:  Cantori, J. Louis and I. Harik, 1984. Local Politics and Development in the Middle East. Westview Press, London, UK.

6:  Curtis, M., 1981. Relion and Politics in the Middle East. Westview Press, London, UK.

7:  Duri, A.A., 1983. The Histurical Formation of the Arab Nation. Centre for Contemporry Arab Studies, Georgetown University, Georgetown University, Washington, DC.

8:  Ehteshmi, A., 1992. The Arab States and the Middle East Balances of Power. In: Iraq, the Gulf Conflict and the World Community, Gow, J. (Ed.). Brassey's for Centre for Defence Studies, London, UK.

9:  Faris, H.A., 1987. Arab Nationalism and the Future of the Arab World. Association of the Arab-American University Graduates, Belmont, MA.

10:  Gould, J. and K.L. William 1954. Dictionary of the Social Sciences. Travistock Publication, London, UK.

11:  Halpern, M., 1970. The Politics of Social Change in the Middle East and North Africa. 4th Edn., Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, USA.

12:  Hawkesworth, M. and K. Maurice, 1992. Encyclopedia of Governments and Politics. Routeledge, London, UK.

13:  Hosseinzadesh, E., 1989. Soviet Non-capitalist Development Praegerm, New York, USA.

14:  Hudson, M., 1977. Arab Politics: The search for Legitimacy. Yale University Press, New Haven.

15:  Kerr, M., 1971. The Arab Cold War. Oxford University Press, London, UK.

16:  Khalidi, R., L. Anderson, M. Muslih and R.S. Simon, 1991. The Origins of Arab Nationalism. Columbia University Press, New York.

17:  Khoury, P.S. and K. Joseph, 1989. Tribes and State Formation in the Middle East. IB Tauris and Co. Ltd., London, UK.

18:  Naraya, C.B.K., 1981. Leaders of the Arab World: Unity and Diversity. Lancers Publishers, New York, USA.

19:  Richards, A. and J. Waterbury, 1990. Apolitical Economy of the Middle East. 3rd Edn., Westview Press, Colorado, USA.

20:  Rejwa, N., 1976. Nasserist Ideology: Its Exponents and Critics, Shiloh Centre for Middle Eastern and North Africa Studies. Tel-Aviv University, Israel.

21:  Sayegh, A.F., 1958. Arab, Unity: Hope and Fulfillment. Devin-Adair Co., New York, USA., pp: 3-39.

22:  Sharabi, B.H., 1966. Nationalism and Revolution in the Arab World. D. Van Nostrand Co. Inc., NewYork, USA.

23:  Sills, D., 1968. International Encyclpedia of the Social Sciences. The Macmillan Company and the Free Press, London.

©  2021 Science Alert. All Rights Reserved