The Paradox of IT Development in a Development in a Developing Country: as Case of a Land-related it Programme in Malaysia
Sharifah Mariam Alhabshi
Malaysia has undergone radical social, economic and political development over the last four decades. The information systems put in place to provide information support for managing development projects have also changed from manual systems in the 1960s and 1970s, to computerized systems based on batch and on-line processing and networking in the 1980s and multimedia in the 1990s. The year 2001 saw Malaysia leaping even further into the IT world with a determination to be the center of IT excellence. Notwithstanding the stated achievements remain questionable is how many of the implemented programmess have able to meet its objective or manage to take-off successfully. The study presented in this article is on land-related IT programme, named for the purpose of this article as CALIS (Country land information System). The planning for CALIS began in 1987 and 1994 it was officially endorsed as a national programme. The main objective of CALIS was to provide the government with an information and technology infrastructure to support interrelated aspects of strategic planning and land-use management, resource management, environmental management, and physical infrastructure planning management. As of 2000 CALIS has not been able to meet its initial objectives to share, to exchange and to lessen information collection duplication among major land related agencies. Two theoretical frameworks the web models and structuration theory guided collection of information and the subsequent analysis of that information. The study concludes by demonstrating how organisational behaviour, and socio-polictical culture influence by economic interests and personal ambition, can complicate information systems development.
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