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An Examination of the View that Political Power in the Arab World Rests Simply on a Regime`s control of the Military and Security Services (Three Case Studies: Ehypt, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq

Kamal M. Astal
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Source of legitimacy of the political power in the Arab World is a very complicated issue. The problem of the regimes is in their dependence on the support of the coercive elements in society (viz. Military and security services). The frequent and, sometimes, violent changes of the governments and heads of the states reflect the nature of these regimes, Does the power in the Arab World in general, and in Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iraq rest on military and security service or these regimes rest on other sources of support? This question forms the statement of the problem of the study. There has been a great deal of confusion about the nature of the regimes in the Arab World, the various descriptions of these regimes range from a military dictatorship to a “democratic” multi party regime, from a bourgeois reformist to a revolutionary mass-movement regime, and from a nationalist and pro communist (case of Yemen in the past) to a Islamic regime. This study deals with the issue of political power and whether it rests on military and security services or on other sources of support? The historical scope of this covers the period after the Second World War until the 1980. It concentrate on three case studies: Nasser`s and Sadat`s Egypt, Qasim`s Iraq and after and Saudi Arabia monarchy regime. I will try to show the military and security services in politics and Saudi Arabia monarchy regime. I will try to show the role of the military and security services in politics in these countries.

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  How to cite this article:

Kamal M. Astal , 2002. An Examination of the View that Political Power in the Arab World Rests Simply on a Regime`s control of the Military and Security Services (Three Case Studies: Ehypt, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq. Journal of Applied Sciences, 2: 308-319.

DOI: 10.3923/jas.2002.308.319


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